Per NFPA 20, all main discharge line pressure relief valves should be installed in the vertical position. Are there any exceptions to this?
I've attached a picture showing the relief valve's current position.
Fire Fighter Suicide and Behavioral Health Are Becoming a Concern to the Fire Service.
This is the first of a three part series of blogs highlighting selected authors, titles, and publications used for fire fighters and behavioral health research. For additional information and the annotated bibliography for each study navigate to: http://www.nfpa.org/ffsuicideawareness
Kimbrel NA; Pennington ML; Cammarata CM; Leto F; Ostiguy WJ; Gulliver SB. (July 2016). “Is Cumulative Exposure to Suicide Attempts and Deaths a Risk Factor for Suicidal Behavior Among Firefighters? A Preliminary Study.” Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.
Stanley IH; Hom MA; Joiner TE. (May 2016). “Suicide mortality among firefighters: Results from a large, urban fire department.” American Journal of Industrial Medicine.
Gulliver SB; Pennington ML; Leto F; Cammarata C;, Ostiguy W; Zavodny C; Flynn EJ; Kimbrel NA. (2016/40(2)/121-128). “In the wake of suicide: Developing guidelines for suicide postvention in fire service.” Death Studies.
Stanley IH; Hom MA; Hagan CR; Joiner TE. (November 2015/187/163-71). “Career prevalence and correlates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among firefighters.” Journal of Affective Disorders.
Hom MA; Stanley IH; Ringer FB; Joiner TE. (June 2016/67(6)/688-91). “Mental Health Service Use Among Firefighters With Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors.” Psychiatric Services.
Carpenter GS; Carpenter TP; Kimbrel NA; Flynn EJ; Pennington M;, Cammarata C; Zimering RT; Kamholz BW; Gulliver SB. (March 2015/39(2)/191-6). “Social support, stress, and suicidal ideation in professional firefighters.” American Journal of Health Behavior.
Chu C; Buchman-Schmitt JM; Hom MA; Stanley IH; Joiner TE Jr. (June2016/240/26-33). “A test of the interpersonal theory of suicide in a large sample of current firefighters.” Psychiatry Research.
Stanley IH; Hom MA; Joiner TE. (March 2016/44/25-44). “A systematic review of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among police officers, firefighters, EMTs, and paramedics.” Clinical Psychology Review.
Henderson, Sarah N.; Van Hasselt, Vincent B.; LeDuc, Todd J.; Couwels, Judy. (June 2016/47(3)/224-230). “Firefighter suicide: Understanding cultural challenges for mental health professionals.” Professional Psychology: Research and Practice.
Heitman, Steven. (March 2016). “Suicide in the Fire Service: Saving the Lives of Firefighters.” Thesis: Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA.
Chapter 5 of NFPA 1730 outlines the requirements for the conduct of a community risk assessment (CRA). The CRA is the tool that is used to determine the priorities and strategies of a the fire prevention organization. The CRA can be conducted in 3 steps.
Ever since 1927, Fire Prevention Week has focused on a different theme. This year, it’s all about the smoke alarm, so this small but vital appliance leads off our list of simple things you can do to prevent home fires.
Three out of every five house fire fatalities occur in homes that don’t have a working smoke alarm. It’s not enough to change batteries and test the trigger mechanism.
Take the unit down from the ceiling or wall, and check the production date located on its frame. If it’s 10 years old, you need a new alarm.
Your stove and oven don’t look dangerous, but cooking equipment is statistically the leading cause of home fires.
If you leave the kitchen while cooking, turn off burners, and turn on a timer to remind you that the stove’s still on. Keep dish towels, pot holders and plastic utensils away from open flames.
Power Tip: Toaster ovens can generate intense electrical heat in just a few minutes. Always keep a close eye on these countertop appliances when in use.
Sorry for any misrepresentation all is well with the Jurisdiction of the City Regina
The discussion continues; unwanted alarms are still a problem and we’re seeking solutions to not only assist our local authority having jurisdiction (AHJ), but our industry and of course, our community. After reading, “The Unwanted Conundrum,” http://www.nfpa.org/news-and-research/publications/nfpa-journal/2016/may-june-2016/features/unwanted-alarms, published in the NFPA’s Journal on May 2, 2016, the final question I asked myself was, could third party, web-based Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance (ITM) tracking systems be a secret weapon in the fight for reducing unwanted alarms?
Reading the different perspectives in the NFPA’s Journal brought into play three key components of what we (i.e. everyone involved in fire and life safety) keep searching for: increased communication efforts, more tools and resources that are cost effective, and a way to educate our community members and place more accountability in their hands. If we can’t pin-point the issue, or solutions, of unwanted alarms we can most certainly look at what’s already available to assist in these efforts.
A few key points were first shared by the Automatic Fire Alarm Associations (AFAA) technical director, Thomas Hammerberg. To paraphrase, “Most of the problems boil down to money….Owners must be reminded that they are responsible for keeping their systems in working condition and tested per NFPA 72…There is also a lack of enforcement of the inspection, testing and maintenance (ITM) procedures of fire alarm systems for a growing number of reasons…I have found that proper ITM, along with a good working relationship with fire prevention personnel, can help solve problematic systems.”
Hammerberg almost solidifies the exact reasons why third party, web-based systems were not only designed, but necessary for our communities. First and foremost, money or budget concerns. If this is an industry issue, the cost should be placed onto those involved in maintaining their systems. Most third party systems are not only a no cost option for our AHJs, they’re a no direct cost option for those whom we keep trying to place accountability back onto; the owner. While there are fees for the service providers performing the required ITM, these fees are often passed along to the accountable owner and in many cases recouped.
The discussion of accountability has been going on for years but until recently (within past five to ten years) there has not been an easy and effective tool or resource connecting the three most important entities in fire and life safety. If more information is sought to better respond and prioritize our efforts on all ends (i.e. AHJ, service provider and owner), we need a centralized way to communicate and share this information. The innovation of the “cloud” and modifying its platform to meet the needs of our industry is not only bridging the gap between the entities and opening the lines of communication, it’s proving to be an effective platform assisting in building sustainable prevention models. It’s allowing our AHJs to assist the provider in not only educating our owners but placing accountability back where it belongs.
I’m not surprised by Fire Marshal Anthony Apfeleback’s perspective, especially looking at the industry as a whole. Apfeleback’s attempt at early fire bureau intervention along with notification to business owners in hopes of more timely ITM follow ups is relative to the size and need of this particular jurisdiction. Most fire prevention bureaus are understaffed to follow up on ITM issues. This probably stems from the need to allocate resources where they are most needed at any given time.
While there is no overnight solution to reducing unwanted alarms, utilizing web-based reporting is an integrated, sustainable solution that positively impacts system reliability. The solution also easily integrates and compliments current agency fire prevention and life safety efforts.
It's apparent from the length of discussion and depth of scope of the problem of unwanted alarms that the fire service needs to build collaborative partnerships with multiple stakeholders such as service companies and business owners. Implementing a tool for all entities helps build a comprehensive solution and brings awareness to the problem at hand.
I guess it’s fair to ask, “could third party, web-based ITM systems be a secret weapon in the tool box for fighting the fight against unwanted alarms?”
The University of Maryland's Department of Fire Protection Engineering is offering a free Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) through Coursera on The Effect of Fire on People, Property and the Environment. This is a 6-week course which will include video lectures, online discussion boards, and opportunities for additional independent study. A great course for non-fire protection professionals to learn, including students interested in career opportunities. Here is a brief summary from the course website:
Fires impact people, property and the environment in all countries around the world. In some cases, the resulting losses are extraordinary, causing hundreds of deaths, widespread damage to property and contents and significant impacts on the environment. More often, fires may cause a single casualty or affect a single home, though the effects are still highly significant to those affected and collectively are substantial. This course will provide an overview of the challenges posed by fire as well as the fire safety solutions that are available to meet those challenges.
I am planning to take the course this session which officially starts Monday, August 29 - hope to connect with people on the discussion boards there.
Workplace injuries are common almost across all industries and sectors. But, some industries like construction, oil and gas, and aviation consistently report more worker injuries and fatalities than any other. Agricultural and fishing industries also report a high injury rate, mainly because considerable manual labor is involved and rural settings do not allow quick access to medical help.
If you have been injured while at work, it is important that you are compensated for the loss that you have incurred. You must have lost days of work and income, and paid considerable amount of money for your treatment.
If the injury is severe, it will affect your long-term career prospects and earning potential. Debilitating injuries also result in loss of enjoyment, and hampers your social life.
A financial compensation may not help you get your health back, but it will help ease the financial burden on your family and bring things back on track.
If you are or a loved one has suffered a workplace injury, here are a few things that you should know about obtaining a fair compensation.
1) Workers' Compensation Is Often Inadequate
If you have suffered an injury while at your job or in your workplace, you can term it as a workplace injury.
When you suffer an injury at your workplace, you are entitled to a no-fault remedy and are compensated by the employer for your medical expenses and a portion of your lost wages. The drawback here is that you cannot claim for noneconomic damages or all of your lost income. Note that no proof is required to prove employer liability. If you are injured in the workplace, you are automatically entitled to workers' compensation.
But, in most cases, it is not the employer alone who is responsible for the injury. Your injury may also have been caused by malfunctioning equipment, negligence of a subcontractor, or carelessness on the part of a supervisor. In such cases, you can file a third-party claim where you can claim for all damages incurred, including all of your lost income, and non-financial ones like pain and suffering.
2) Consult a Workplace Injury Lawyer
A workplace injury lawyer will be able to study the cause or causes of your injury and determine who is liable.
Very often, workers do not attempt to get in touch with a lawyer. They are satisfied with the workers' compensation that they receive and do not think about anything further. But, when you do that, you are losing money that you may rightfully have a claim to.
You also need to check whether your injuries are indeed workplace injuries. For your injury to be truly work-related, you should be involved in work or any activity on the behalf of the employer. Your injury will be considered work-related if you were attending official parties or get-togethers, even if not on official premises. If a pre-existing condition worsened as a result of the job, then it will be treated as a workplace injury. Mental health problems that have occurred as a result of your job, or that were sustained at the workplace, are also treated as workplace injuries.
Also, if you consult a Indiana workplace injury attorney, he or she will be able to check your eligibility for worker's insurance. Very rarely is there gross negligence or failure detected on the side of the employer. In such situations, you will be advised to sue by your lawyer.
3) Report Your Injury as Soon as Possible
It is mandatory that you report your injury to your supervisor as soon as possible. It is important that your employer officially records the incident and the injury that you suffered. It is mandatory under law that every company maintains a record of adverse events and incidents happening in the workplace. This not only serves as a warning and reminder to other employees, but also helps employers improve safety and health measures in workplaces. This is an important step toward workplace injury prevention.
If you want to make a legal claim, it is necessary that you report your injury on the same day or within a few days, and file a claim with the workers' compensation court or industrial court in your area, as mandated in the statute of limitations. The statute of limitations is the minimum period within which a legal claim can be filed after one becomes knowledgeable about the injury.
4) Know Your Rights
Workers who suffer from injuries at workplaces are entitled to legal rights that are common across most states.
Your rights include the right to file an injury claim, right to medical treatment and days off work to recuperate, right to return back to work after recovery and approval from your physician, right to appeal against the amount granted as compensation and seek fairer terms, and also the right to be represented by a lawyer throughout.
If you are harassed or intimidated by your employer at any stage, or suffer from reprisal due to your decision to file a compensation claim, you can take legal action against your employer. Severed penalties and fines are imposed on guilty employers.
Workplace injuries can affect a person's ability to work, and the family's financial stability, social life, and fulfillment. It is important that you follow the right legal option and receive a fair compensation that will address not only your current suffering, but also your future needs.
When you're new to NFPA's Xchange, your avatar image (the little picture next to your posts) is auto-populated with a stock image from the platform. That's why you may be noticing a sports car, helicopter, bowling ball or some other random icon. Adding your own avatar and completing your profile (more on that later) is an important part of getting the most out of your Xchange experience.
Here's how you can quickly personalize your profile by adding your own photo. It's simple, and just a few clicks away.
1) Click on your current avatar in the upper right corner of your screen. On the dropdown menu, click "Edit Profile."
2) Then click on the "Avatar" tab, and "Add another avatar".
3) You'll be prompted to upload an image. Navigate to find it on your computer. After you find the file, click "Upload & Continue."
4) You can then crop the photo to your liking. You'll see a live preview of you avatar on the right as you edit the photo. Once you're happy with it, click "Crop Image", then "Finished."
That's it! You've now updated your avatar photo.