http://nfpa.typepad.com/.a/6a00d8351b9f3453ef017c35f7fef5970b-piSan Diego City Fire Department Fire Prevention Supervisor Eddie Villavicencio graciously met with me to discuss how San Diego neighborhoods can work toward being recognized as Firewise Communities. We discussed the importance of residents taking responsibility for making their homes and neighborhoods safer with the support of the San Diego City Fire inspectors who go door to door working with residents. It was a unique experience to be talking about wildfires among the San Diego City Skyscrapers but who would have thought that a wildfire would destroy homes within a city limits. So wherever you live make sure that you have protected perhaps one of the biggest investments of your lifetime, your home!
It is important to note, that during the 2003 Cedar Fire in San Diego, California over 300 homes were lost in Scripps Ranch. The map below shows where some homes were destroyed in this neighborhood. These homes were located within the City of San Diego’s City Limits.
Image 1: Scripps Ranch aerial imagery where red dot represent homes that were destroyed. Blue dots represent homes that were not burned. (Source: San Diego State University Department of Geography).
Only four years later during the 2007 fires almost 500,000 San Diego residents were evacuated from 346,000 homes. 200,000 of those evacuated were within the San Diego City limits. This was the largest evacuation in the region’s history. At the height of the fire, San Diego Fire-Rescue Department had 73 engines, 7 trucks and 420 people deployed. According to the 2009 National Institute of Standards and Technology (US Department of Commerce), “Case Study of a Community Affected by the Witch and Guejito Fires”, the neighborhood of Rancho Bernardo a community of 274 residences saw the complete destruction of 74 homes and 16 others were damaged.
As we make resolutions for change, residents in the city and rural areas abutting the wildland urban interface (WUI) can take action before the next years fire season to make changes to their home and surrounding landscape to make their property and families safer during a wildfire event. There are many simple modifications that can be made to make your home safer such as:
- Cleaning gutters of leaves and debris.
- Moving woodpiles at least 30 feet away from homes.
- Make sure that the area under your deck is free of debris and vegetation.
- Make sure that fences and other attachments to the home are fire resistive. Remember if it is attached to the house it is part of the house.
- Make sure that the area around the home itself is well watered especially within the first 30 feet.
- Remove all dead vegetation from around the home. Rake up leaves and remove them.
- Trim back tree branches overhanging the roof.
- Check your vents to make sure that the screens are cleaned of debris and install ember resistive vents.
- Make sure that you have spark arrestors properly installed on your chimney.
For more firewise tips to keep your home safe check out the Firewise Toolkit.