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Since its creation almost five years, NFPA's Firewise Toolkit has been one of the most popular resources for homeowners and other wildfire stakeholders interesting in learning how to reduce wildfire risk.


FW Toolkit 2.JPGThat's why we're so pleased to announce our updated Toolkit is now available! In addition to information about the Firewise recognition program and a guide to Firewise principles, we also include a few new pieces that we know you'll love and use often. The Toolkit is available online and it's free!


Whether you're a homeowner using the checklist to create defensible space around your home, a community member interested in working with your neighbors to establish a recognized Firewise Communities/USA site, or a group of residents who want to know what steps you can take together during a wildfire watch or warning, the updated Firewise Toolkit is a great collection of resources that not only helps raise awareness of wildfire safety, it offers tips and activities that can help you prepare before a wildfire threatens your area. You just have to check it out and see!


The Toolkit can be downloaded in its entirety or as individual components. It's a great resource to share with your friends and family, and others in your community. There are even checklists that you can print out and keep on your fridge for easy access and reminders.


Check out our Toolkit and get started today on helping prepare your home and your neighborhood from a wildfire threat. You'll be so glad you did!

Wildfire season this year has been a difficult one both on the west coast and now on the east coast. The high temperatures and lack of rain have created the low relative humidity in the vegetation that can contribute to the intensity of wildfire.  ANOAA map.pngdd high winds and it makes fighting wildfires and brush fires even more difficult. On the west coast, the high temperatures have contributed to the intensity of multiple wildfires.  In the east, Boston has had 90-degree temperatures over 5 days in a row. In the midwest, for example, Cleveland, Ohio experienced temperatures of 90 degrees for days in a row.  In the southwest, Arizona saw temperatures in the triple digits that caused deaths.


Out west, fires have been raging in California.  Fire north of Los Angeles has caused over 1,300 homes to be evacuated. In San Diego, a wildfire blazed and destroyed over 20 homes. In New Hampshire, a firefighter died fighting a brush fire. According to a report, “The Orford firefighter was taken to a hospital, where he was pronounced dead.  He was an active member of the town’s fire department for about 10 years.”   According to the New Hampshire governor, flags will be flown at half-staff on the day of his funeral as the New England State mourns his loss. In Sandwich, Massachusetts on the Cape firefighters battled a 15-acre brush fire.


Check out the Firewise website to see what you can do to make your home more resilient in the event of a wildfire, from the east coast to the west and everywhere in between.

                                                                                                                                                             Temperature map from NOAA

Some Firewise communities have used visual aids like “show and tell”, to promote the good work that they are accomplishing.  The Caney Firewise Community uses a trailer emblazoned with the Firewise logo and Long Canyon at Austin, Texas use their fire department’s vehicles to promote their fire department’s support of Firewise programs.  The educational programs that these communities engage in help support action taken by homeowners to make their homes Caney Firewise trailer.jpgand landscapes more resilient. Over time with continued participation in the program communities they become safer. Read their stories to see if what they have done to promote their Firewise program resonates with your community’s action plan.


Long Canyon at Austin, Texas


Long Canyon held an outdoor event with games and prizes for children on Firewise Day. They distributed Firewise educational materials to adults, and had prizes for adults and kids. Emergency Services District 4 volunteers displayed the fire truck, equipment, and emergency vehicle. Balcones Wildland Preserve and Texas Forest Service set up displays and talked to residents about reducing fuels and wildfire risk. Food and beverages were served.


Long Canyon Firewise Committee shared with us, “We have found that our community-wide events have been helpful in disseminating educational materials and encouraging neighbor participation in Firewise strategies. By involving our Emergency Services District’s firefighters and their vehicles, and other community service agencies, as well as providing games for children, snacks and outdoor prizes for all, families enjoy and earn at the same time.”


Caney, Oklahoma


On Firewise Day, the community of Caney worked together to cut brush along East and West Main Street, and remove the old dump site located on school property. They also cleared two vacant lots on West Main Street.


Caney tells us, “Our Firewise projects have helped us reduce the likelihood and/or severity of wildland fires in our interface areas. We have had a great experience with the Firewise Program.

                                                                                                                                                     Submitted by the Firewise Community of Caney, Oklahoma

From March through June, nearly 175 fire service personnel participated in NFPA’s Assessing Wildfire Hazards in the Quincy FEMA class.jpgHome Ignition Zone seminar. This important two-day classroom offering enables students to identify wildfire risks to homes and other structures as well as options for protective actions. It also teaches them how to communicate this information effectively to property owners. Thanks to a generous grant from FEMA, students were able to attend free of charge at six locations: Sacramento, CA; Portland, OR; Oklahoma City, OK; Phoenix, AZ; Spokane, WA; and most recently at the Quincy, Massachusetts headquarters of NFPA. NFPA board member Tonya Hoover who has also been the State Fire Marshal for California in Sacramento stopped by and welcomed the Quincy, Massachusetts class.



FEMA HIZ map.pngNFPA’s FEMA grant funded Home Ignition Zone Seminar was taught to fire service personnel from across the United States.  Fire service personnel attending came from Virginia, Oregon, Washington State, South Carolina, Massachusetts, Oklahoma, California, Ohio and other states from across the United States. One student shared, "Thanks for supporting our efforts with Firewise.  Making it no cost for me to attend with FEMA grant funding allowed me to attend."  Other students shared how it would help them in their communities and help their fire departments.


The two-day seminar has been recently updated to include new research and videos from Jack Cohen, wildfire research scientist with the US Forest Service and the Insurance Institute for Business and Home Safety (IBHS).  The good news is that after completing this training, students can identify how to make changes that make a difference and how to effectively communicate this information to others.

                                                                         Photo of the Quincy, Massachusetts class at the NFPA Conference Center by Faith Berry

                                                                                                                                 Map showing areas where fire service students came from created by NFPA staff

Prepare.jpgFEMA’s Youth Preparedness Council is made up of teens from across the nation who develop and promote preparedness projects. This is a select group of young people who have been through an application and vetting process.  These teens shared how they got involved on Wednesday, July 20th in a live feed on the FEMA America’s PrepareAthon Facebook page.


Some great take away information that I got from the online webinar included two important things about equipping youth with the tools and skills that they need to feel more confident helping their family and community if there is a disaster. These were: 1. Build a kit or pack a Go Bag, and: 2. Have a plan. They shared that youth that are given the training and information that enables them to be prepared are less anxious about disasters. When there is a disaster event, prepared youth fare much better, and are able to rebuild their lives much more easily.


They also talked about how important it is to make preparedness activities fun.  For some fun ways to engage youth in your takeactionbanner-final-jpg--4915.jpgcommunity for upcoming America’s PrepareAthon activities, check out NFPA’s TakeAction page. There will be more activities showcased later this year!  Let’s get the message to our youth and let them learn how they can empower themselves before a wildfire event by taking simple steps today.

firewise july.JPGThe July issue of Fire Break, NFPA's Wildland Fire Operations Division newsletter, is now available for viewing. Here's what you'll find in this month's issue:

  • Information about the latest USAA/Firewise discount in Oregon
  • News about the first military installation to be recognized as a Firewise site
  • Research that shows how some mosquito repellents can actually minimize the effectiveness of flame retardant used in turnout gear
  • An invitation to the first of five wildfire virtual workshops of the year; this one will focus on the “power of embers”

...and much more! We want to continue to share all of this great information with you, so don't miss an issue and subscribe today. It's free! Just add your email address to our newsletter list.


Join this year's first live Firewise program Ask an Expert virtual workshop and you’ll be anxiously awaiting the entire five-month series. The inaugural 2016 session happens Wednesday, July 27 at 1pm MDT. Each free session delivers a conference quality, free learning opportunity for wildfire stakeholders at all levels. Participation connects you with leading researchers and practitioners in an interactive format that closes with a Q & A where attendees can directly ask the featured Ask an Expert guest their most burning questions.


Power of Embers leads the July thru November calendar with featured guest Steve Quarles, PH.D., from the Insurance Institute for Business & Home Safety’s (IBHS) Research Center. It’ll be an insightful look at why ember attacks are the leading cause of home loss in wildfires; along with information on the vulnerable little things that can be ignited around the home.


Advance registration is required. Be a part of this knowledge packed hour and you may be selected to ask Dr. Quarles an ember related question.


2016 Calendar

Workshop #1 - Wednesday, July 27 at 1pm MDT:  Power of Embers with Steve Quarles, PH.D., IBHS Research Center

Workshop #2 - Tuesday, August 16 at 1pm MDT:  Home Ignition Zone

Workshop #3 - Thursday, September 15 at Noon MDT:  Understanding Insurance in the Wildland Urban Interface

Workshop #4 - Tuesday, October 11 at 11am MDT:  Community Risk Reduction Success Stories

Workshop #5 - Wednesday, November 9 at 1pm MDT:  Wildland Urban Legends

Many communities shared that the value of participating in the Firewise Communities Program is multifaceted.  Not only are communities making their homes and communities more resilient over time as they continue to address safety modifications needed to be made to both the structure and the landscape surrounding the home, but they also grow together as a community learning about each other and developing lasting relationships.  Read the stories of these two Firewise Communities to learn how residents in your area can become neighbors with a purpose.


Greater Gallina Canyon/Deer Mesa at Valdez, New Mexico

On Firewise Day the Greater Gallina Canyon Firewise Community members worked together to thin trees and perform Gallina.jpgroadside vegetation clean-up. Afterward, a potluck picnic was held, and fire prevention and preparedness information were shared.


Greater Gallina Canyon says, “Working elbow-to-elbow in the trenches (literally!), and hauling fuels on two Chipper Days, brought the community closer together. Probably for the first time, we acted more like neighbors and less like mere “residents” just occupying space in the same geographic wildland interface area.”


Courtyard at Austin, Texas

Courtyard held their Firewise Day event during the annual July 4th Parade and Picnic. The parade was led by an Austin Fire Dept. fire engine and firefighters. A booth was set up in the Park and manned by Fire Safety Committee members who answered questions and handed out information and promotional materials. Fire Safety Committee members talked with their neighbors about the importance of the home assessment program and plans to address fire safety in the common areas. A sign-up list was started for the assessments.


Courtyard says, “Several of the benefits of the July 4th Day include a sense of pride on the part of residents knowing neighbors were seeking to promote fire safety measures in the neighborhood. Also, there were folks who were willing to volunteer to get involved. The Firewise Day served as a great vehicle for neighbors to not only become informed, but to offer their time for future events.”


According to a story from 7News Denver from the burn area of the Cold Springs Fire near Boulder and Nederland, Colorado, late yesterday, the local incident commander praised local fire mitigation work as the key to his crew's ability to save a number of homes.


Incident Commander Michael Smith spoke on camera to reporter Mark Boyle, emphasizing that although the wildfire was smaller than some in recent Colorado history, it was burning hot and fast and headed for subdivisions, which required significant fire response resources. Smith's remarks in a news article posted by CBS Denver make it clear that the conditions of this fire caused him to fear a repeat of the disastrous Fourmile Canyon Fire of 2010, which destroyed 169 homes. Although 8 homes were destroyed in the current incident, Smith pointed out an important factor in the success of firefighters in saving others.


In Boyle's report, Smith said, "What we need is people to do mitigation around their homes, the mitigation on this house is what saved it, they thinned the trees, they built with proper materials and they really did their homework before they left."


Find out what those homeowners knew and what firefighters want to see by reviewing the Firewise principles and homeowner checklists available on the Firewise website. Whether mitigation allows firefighters a chance to save a home or whether its features and preparation prevent ignition of the home and its surroundings without human intervention, the result is the same positive outcome.

United States Senate.jpgA press release dated Wednesday July 13th shares exciting news that a bipartisan group of US Senators including Colorado U.S. Senator Michael Bennet, Senator Mike Crapo (R-ID), Senator Jon Tester (D-MT), and Senator Jim Risch (R-ID) together introduced a bill, The Wildfire Mitigation Assistance Act to provide more funding for projects to mitigate or lessen risk in wildfire-prone communities.   The uniqueness of this bill is that it recognizes wildfire in the same manner as other disasters that can receive federal funds.


The exciting news is that this bipartisan bill recognizes wildfire prevention and mitigation efforts like those of Firewise Communities and Fire Adapted Communities as being the “linchpin” to making communities and cities much more resilient in the event of a wildland fire.  The bill also recognizes the importance of taking steps to prepare homes and communities before a wildfire occurs to reduce the risk of loss not only to the devastating effects of a wildland fire but also damaging floods that can follow in the wake of the fire.


The press release stated, ““The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)spends a good deal of money every year helping communities at risk of natural disasters prepare for disasters such as flood preparation for hurricanes or modification to houses in Tornado Alley,” said Crapo. “However, FEMA spends very little money assisting communities at risk of being impacted by wildfires. Our legislation would address that disparity by allowing fire-prone communities apply for Hazard Mitigation grants to undertake ‘fire-wise’ projects for homes in the wildland urban interface or reduce hazardous fuels.”


You can share your thoughts about this important bill by contacting the senators’ offices that sponsored the bill.  Contact Erin McCann (for Senator Bennet) – 303-837-3808, Lindsay Nothern (for Senator Crapo) – 208-334-1776, Marnee Banks (for Senator Tester) 202-228-0371, and Suzanne Wrasse (for Senator Risch) – 202-224-2752.

Creative Commons US Senate Image

Weather.pngDoes your fire department respond to wildland fires? Changing weather conditions can create dangerous conditions that can change the way that you respond a wildfire.  Oklahoma State Forestry has put together an excellent topic driven series of training briefs they are calling the "Oklahoma Wildland Tailgate Series." These fact-filled, well-illustrated training tools can be used anywhere, including at the tailgate of your engine, as the series name suggests. These discussion sheets can be used to facilitate training discussions at the tailgate of your engine, the firehouse or anywhere that you want to take them.  The latest page shares information about how weather and changing weather conditions can affect the situation your crew finds themselves in.


Other topics include wildland fuels, heavy equipment, aviation use, urban interface, expanding incidents andOklahoma Forestry.jpg more.  You can even click on a link on the page to share topics of discussion that you would like to see included in future papers.  This information can be used along with other training resources including NFPA's:

1051 Wildland Firefighting Personnel Professional Qualifications

1143 Standard for Wildland Fire Management


How can a community work together to lessen their risk of loss due to a wildfire event?  One of the best ways, as exemplified in this story about Waterford, Texas is to work collaboratively with some of the local land managing agencies Waterford, Texas.jpgand fire departments to see through their eyes what the community’s risk is.  Becoming a recognized Firewise Community takes you through the steps of completing an assessment of the weak links in the community by looking at the homes and the landscape surrounding the homes, identifying areas that need attention.  As the community works through that plan of action to address risk identified in the community assessment based upon Firewise principles they can become more resilient over time. You can apply now to become a recognized Firewise Community and if you have any questions about the process you can contact your State Firewise Liaison or the NFPA. 


Waterford at Lago Vista, Texas

Waterford held a community meeting for Firewise Day. Eric Kruger of the US Fish & Wildlife Service presented a talk on what has been done to reduce fuels and wildfire risk in the Northshore area. Roger Conway, Fire and Safety Committee, presented a talk on the Ready, Set, Go! Program and procedures. Information booklets were distributed to all participants.


Waterford says, “We owe the establishment of Firewise guidelines to the efforts of Eric Kruger, US Fish and Wildlife Service Balcones Canyonlands NWR and Dan McAllister, Asst. Fire Chief North Lake Travis Fire and Rescue. Their guidance and initial assessment of our community facilitated developing clear Firewise guidelines that help mitigate the fueling potential of future fires by simply removing debris, assuring limbs are removed from trees 6’ from the ground, and establishing firebreaks. Continued education provided by NFPA, through webinars, is invaluable to our community homeowners in accessing proven and new fire prevention techniques.”


                                                                                                                Photo submitted by the Waterford Firewise Community inTexas

Wildfire cover photo NFPA Journal July16 WildfireWatch column.jpgThe July/August NFPA Journal is out and in its latest WildfireWatch Column, I consider the role of business continuity planning when a wildfire not only forces the evacuation of 90,000 plus people and consumes over 2,400 structures, but also immediately shutters a 1/3rd of a country’s oil production.


The early May wildfires around Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada, were finally announced as contained on July 6th.  They shut down Canada’s oil-sands production hub and is still not fully back online due to those fires and evacuation of employees from the nearby production camps to accommodate thousands of fleeing residents.  The economic impacts on the Alberta province will be seen for awhile.


In the column, I explore the impact of a wildfire, beyond homes, and argue that business continuity planning should recognize its voice in wildfire preparedness and outreach messaging.


We want to hear from you! It's easy to comment on posts: just look for the login link above to login or register for your free account on Xchange. Xchange is more than a blog; it's an online community that connects you with peers worldwide and directly with NFPA staff. Get involved today!

DisclosureSave.JPGIf you're a military veteran or in active duty, first - thank you for your service! In case you haven't been following the wildfire safety news the way that we do at NFPA, you may be excited to learn that our programs and our partners are helping you and your families make it easier to be Firewise.


An announcement on July 7 by DisclosureSave, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Myriad Development, capped off a week of great news about the benefits that can come from being Firewise. DisclosureSave operates in California and produces the required Natural Hazard Disclosure reports for most real estate transactions. In April, they began using Firewise information to inform prospective buyers about whether their property is inside or outside of a Firewise Communities/USA site. They now provide a discount for their Natural Hazard Disclosure product to resident military personnel, active and veteran.


DisclosureSave is following the lead of USAA, a major property/casualty insurer that serves military personnel, veterans and their families. On June 30, they announced their homeowners insurance premium discount for members living in Firewise Communities/USA sites in Oregon, making this the 5th state where USAA rewards members for being part of a proactive neighborhood. The other states are California, Arizona, Texas and Colorado.


And speaking of Colorado, on July 6, NFPA announced that the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs has become the first military installation in the country to earn Firewise Communities/USA recognition. Each year, the Academy experiences numerous small fires from lightning strikes, training exercises and arson. While most are only nuisance events, wildfires on and near the Academy have disrupted training exercises and even resulted in the Academy's closure and evacuation of residents and employees. Recognition comes after many years of work by Academy personnel along with federal partners to reduce fuels, setting a great example for other military bases to address wildfire safety in their housing developments. The recognition also enables resident USAA members to enjoy the Firewise insurance discount.


Learn more about the Firewise Communities/USA program and all its benefits at

The Fire Protection Research Foundation currently has two on-going research projects related to wildland fire and the wildland-urban interface (WUI).


Fire brands and embers generated by burning fuels can travel ahead of the flame front and cause ignition of spot fires in vegetation fuels and buildings. Not all embers are created equal; the amount, shape, mass and dimensions of embers produced from burning fuels can vary and may have different potential to ignite other fuels.  A Joint Fire Science Program funded project is looking at the production of these embers from wildland and structural fuels which can be used to understand the exposure to unburned fuels and ultimately the risk of ignition. More information on this project is available on the Foundation's website.


Water is an important component of most fire protection systems, including fire department intervention. Getting the water from where it is stored to where is needs to be is an important part of the fire department operations and in the fire protection design of suburban and rural communities. Current codes and standard provide requirements for determining the minimum amount of water and supply to these communities. A new project supported by the NFPA Research Fund will look at the minimum water supply table in NFPA 1142 and provide recommendations as appropriate. You can find information about this and other on-going work on the current projects page.

Kid 5.jpgOne community developed a unique solution to lessening their risk due to a wildfire event.  By reaching out to children through a contest, they were able to get the Firewise message into the hands of the parents. They are not only preparing the next generation of homeowners to understand their risk but also using a fun opportunity to engage the whole community, including local politicians. Read their story and see if there is an opportunity for residents in your community to do the same.



Lago Vista at Leander, Texas


Lago Vista held a Firewise poster coloring contest for children and a community event for Firewise Day. In advance of Contest Form 3.pngFirewise Day, the rules of the poster contest were distributed to children through the schools. A cash prize was offered for 1st, 2nd, and 3rd place entries, plus a prize for the teacher whose class submits the most entries. The posters illustrated one or more Firewise actions as described in the rules. By engaging the children in Firewise education, the community is preparing the next generation of homeowners to be fire safe.


On Firewise Day, the posters were displayed and judged, and prizes were awarded. The Fire Department brought the fire trucks to the front of the library, and residents were shown how to operate the fire hoses. Refreshments were served, and Firewise materials were made available to participants. A proclamation was received from the Mayor of Lago Vista in advance, and published with photos in the local newspaper to advertise the event.


Lago Vista tells us, “By getting kids involved in a coloring contest for Lago Vista Firewise Day, we are able to reach the parents and the rest of the family in Firewise education. Every Lago Vista elementary school kid gets a coloring sheet with Firewise prevention tips on the back. Parents have to read the prevention information with their kids, before signing the entry permission form.”

                                                                                                               The contest form submitted to us by the community is also an attachment

AFA - 6.2016 (3).jpgThe U.S. Air Force Academy located in Colorado Springs, CO has become the first military installation to complete the required Firewise Communities/USA criteria for their base housing units; and NFPA welcomes them to the national program.


Fuels in proximity to the base housing areas have been reduced and work continues around individual residences; and also at the historic Cadet Lodge and Scout Huts - which are favorite meeting places for cadets, staff and Boy Scout troops. To highlight the base’s accomplishment, a community event was recently held at Fire Station One, where the Colorado State Forest Service and NFPA presented Colonel Ohlson with their official program street signage and plaque. Diane Strohm and James Donahey with the USAF Natural Resources Department, spearheaded the effort to become a Firewise Community and throughout the process they received invaluable collaborative contributions from Fire Chief Ken Helgerson and his staff, along with U.S. Fish and Wildlife employees. Each group played a significant role in their fuels management activities.


The Academy has been reducing fuels on their property for more than a decade and continue to work on creating a fire resilient military community. Fuel breaks have been added along roads, bridges and boundaries and forests have been thinned to increase their survivability in the event of a wildfire.


As a trailblazer, the Academy has received the honor of being the first military installation to become a Firewise participant and we’re excited to see other military bases follow their lead.

It is the little things that can make a difference over time.  Little things can add up over time to create safer homes and communities.  I have visited communities that needed a lot of work, but with perseverance and a little elbow grease within a couple of years, you could hardly recognize it as the same neighborhood. Monte Sereno has a story to tell about how they worked together to create a safer community that has also learned how to enjoy working together to make a difference.New Mexico.jpg


Monte Sereno Neighborhood in Santa Fe, New Mexico

Monte Sereno held a community picnic on Firewise Day to raise awareness and also offered free pick up of deadwood by the Santa Fe Fire Department (SFFD). The American Red Cross and SFFD participated in Firewise Day events. Between May and August of 2014, the SFFD picked up about 20 tons of debris free of charge through a grant that provided funds to hire wildland urban interface specialists.


Monte Sereno tells us, “The Fire Prevention Committee continued to work on the Wildfire Action Plan during the summer, and answered questions about Firewise throughout the year. We also collaborated the with the SFFD, the City Office of Emergency Management, and the Regional Emergency Communication Center to stage an evacuation exercise of neighborhood residents later in the summer.”

                                                                                                    Picture submitted by Monte Sereno Firewise Community in Santa Fe, New Mexico

I just returned from a social media gathering in Anaheim, California known as VidCon.  According to their Vid Con Entrance.jpgwebsite, “VidCon is the world’s largest conference for and about online video. VidCon assembles fans, veteran and amateur creators, working professionals, and industry thought-leaders for three days of celebration, introspection, and discussion.”  In 2015 there were 25,000 in attendance and this year’s convention saw at least that 2 (002).JPG


This was a great opportunity to learn about the social media platforms being used, including Snap Chat, Instagram, and others. The sessions gave attendees insight about steps that can be taken to create blogs, videos, and tweets that can lead to successful messaging.  One session Brain Scoop shared how they became one of the most successful museum communication outlets in the world with millions of viewers!  Some inside tips shared at the conference included:


  • Having a message that resonates with your audience.  Be honest and genuine.
  • When new content is released on your website like a video, let everyone know within 24 hours on multiple platforms like Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin, and Instagram.
  • Pick some great music or creative artwork that captures your audience’s attention.
  • Some said to keep it short while others stressed streaming videos for hours at a time.
  • Brand your presentations with your own personality.
  • Build your audience by continually generating interesting content.
  • Provide opportunities for your audience to engage with you.
  • Appeal to a feel-good spot, such as a heartwarming human interest story.
  • Try using social sharing platforms that you have not used before.  Be adventurous!


So why learn about social media and social media trends? Perhaps because in the future fire service may be more reliant on various social media platforms both to send and receive information.  The use of social media by fire service may become more important to share information about fire prevention, and even evacuation information among others. Incoming social media could provide emergency responders with pictures and other information that could help them make decisions about how to deploy resources available during an emergency response. What do you think?  Has your department used social media during response operations?


We want to hear from you! It's easy to comment on posts: just look for the login link above to login or register for your free account on Xchange. Xchange is more than a blog; it's an online community that connects you with peers worldwide and directly with NFPA staff. Get involved today!


Pictures taken by Faith Berry

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