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436 Posts authored by: faithberry Employee

On Tuesday July 23, 2019 FEMA is hosting an informational forum on its (BRIC) Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities Grant Program, to be funded through the Disaster Relief Fund as a 6% set aside from estimated disaster grant expenditures. The forum will be held at the US Chamber of Commerce Building in Washington D.C. The forum will include “FEMA Leadership, state and local emergency managers and disaster officials, and leading stakeholders from the insurance and infrastructure industries for a discussion on:                                                                    

  • Identifying and Qualifying for FEMA’s Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC) Grant Program.
  • Building an Understanding of FEMA’s Mitigation Priorities.
  • Exploring Use Cases for Achieving Residential Resilience, Including Wind Retrofitting, Wildfire Resilience and More.
  • Reaching Public Infrastructure Resilience, Including Power and Water Lifelines and Beyond.
  • And More!”

There is a cost to register if you are with a private organization of $150, a non-profit $50 but government employees can register for free. If you are interested, register today. FEMA is also offering an online opportunity for you to be a part of the discussion. FEMA will also be hosting a program specifically for wildfire-related issues in Sacramento, California. Sign up to get updates on this upcoming forum.

A picture of "old Ironsides" the USS Constitution in the Boston Harbor on the 4th of July.

 

The Fourth of July is a wonderful time to get together with family and friends and enjoy plenty of good food and fun together.  It is important to take away a pocket full of great memories and keep in mind a few safety tips to insure that those good times don’t end tragically.

NFPA® has some great free downloadable safety tips to help you enjoy your Fourth of July safely.   These tips cover topics such as grilling, campfires, Motor homes and RV’s, and barbeques and so much more.   Check out these great resources and read them with your loved ones, they provide a great way to start a conversation about how to be safe while you have fun.  Local Fire departments can download them and post them in public locations or provide them to residents in their communities.  

Fireworks should always be enjoyed at a public demonstration, and never be lit off at home.  The latest Consumer Product Safety Commission Report shares staggering statistics about deaths, injuries and property losses incurred by the personal use of fireworks.  One teen who sparked a wildfire in Oregon with fireworks has been ordered by a judge to pay 36 million dollars!  In many states the use of fireworks is illegal and you could face penalties like fines or imprisonment for using them.

Another great resource to help insure that you are recreating safely is by following safety tips provided from the, “One Less Spark, One Less Wildfire” campaign by the US Forest Service.  Some tips include:

FOR VEHICLES (Always inspect them before driving)

  1. Make sure that chains including tow chains are not dragging and that there are no other dragging parts including mufflers etc.
  2. Check tire pressure and make sure tires are properly inflated.
  3. Properly maintain brakes
  4. Never park a vehicle that has been running on grass or other flammable vegetation.
  5. Check for vehicle recalls that may pose a fire risk

RECREATIONAL TIPS

  1. Never leave campfires unattended, drown them out completely when done
  2. Make sure your off road motorcycle or other vehicle is equipped with a spark arrestor
  3. Shooting can cause a wildfire, only shoot in designated target areas, do not use exploding targets

We here at the NFPA hope that you all have a safe and happy holiday with your family!

Photo credit: Faith Berry

faithberry

What is prescribed fire?

Posted by faithberry Employee Jun 26, 2019

Did you know that fire in natural areas at the right time and place fire can be good for certain ecosystems?  Many ecosystems across the United States are adapted to fire. Fires occurring at the right time, during the right conditions and at the right place can be restorative to some areas. Some plants need fire to regenerate and flourish, like California chestnut that thrives via fire-induced sprouting, and Jack Pine whose serotinous cones only open during a wildfire, and coffee berry in California whose seeds only sprout after a wildfire.

Many land management agencies are increasingly using prescribed fire not only to help create healthier ecosystems, but also to help create conditions around neighborhoods where a wildfire would burn with less severity and make managing wildfires in the future easier.

I had the opportunity to follow along with a Massachusetts (DCR) Department of Conservation and Recreation crew on a prescribed fire project in Freetown, Massachusetts.  The purpose of the fire was twofold, to control one tree species (white pine), and to help protect the abutting community by reducing the vegetative fuel load. 

The event was well planned and fire suppression resources were strategically staged throughout the burned “unit” (a small area of wildland).  They had also worked closely with a biologist before the burn to study how different species of birds, mammals, and insects might be impacted by a low-intensity fire.  They ensured weather conditions would be right on the day, so that it was not too hot, too windy, too dry and that there was no thermal inversion layer that would cause the local residents to be negatively impacted by smoke.

Once the fire was lighted with drip torches, the fire was carefully monitored and managed so that it stayed within the designated burn zone.  Afterward, I was able to see an area that had been previously burned and see all of the small green plants and other new growth that would provide food and shelter for a variety of species including small oak trees, huckleberry and blueberry bushes that provide food for many animals.

Prescribed fire should only be used as a forest management tool by local, state and federal agencies, tribes, and non-governmental land managing agencies that are well trained, experienced and knowledgeable about how to manage them to create healthier forests and more resilient landscapes. Creating more resilient landscapes is one part of the National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy.  Zachary Prusak, board member with the Association for Fire Ecology shared, "The benefits of applying controlled burns (or prescribed fire) to the landscape are numerous, and include maintaining fire-dependent habitats that often include rare species found nowhere else, increasing the availability of nutrients in soil, and reducing the natural plant-based fuels in environments that surround where people live, so that when a fire occurs, the fire intensity is lower, and so easier to manage or control." 

The other two components of this strategy include; creating fire-adapted communities and improving wildfire response.  Learn more about how your efforts can contribute to creating healthier and more resilient communities in wildfire-prone regions today.

Photo credits: Faith Berry, NFPA

stork with an orange bill standing in its habitat at the Franklin Zoo

In light of recent large wildfires occurring across the United States, have you ever wondered what would happen if places like large cities, stadiums, or Zoos were threatened by wildfire?  Just like homes and neighborhoods steps can be taken to reduce the risk of loss of these places in wildfire prone areas.

National Geographic recently shared an article, How Zoos Protect and Evacuate Animals During a Wildfire,  about steps a couple of Southern California zoos have taken to protect their current animal residents to help make them safer from wildfire.  Many of these sites abut up to areas that have been impacted by wildfires in the past. Some of the animal residents are listed as endangered or threatened species, so their death or injury would impact the global gene pool of these species, therefore steps taken to protect them are very important.  

According to the article the Association of Zoos and Aquariums requires its accredited members to have plans in place for events such as wildfires, earthquakes and floods.   Plan details implemented by a couple of the zoos shared in the article include;

  1.  Having pre-planned emergency drills where staff members practice crating animals and having supplies including food and medicines ready.   Some animals are moved well in advance of the fire because they are listed as endangered or threatened.
  2. Some animals (like birds) are pre-planned to be moved to safe areas like inside rooms to reduce damage smoke could cause and some bigger animals are put in areas where vegetation has been removed because they are so large and crating could cause greater injury to them like elephants and giraffes.
  3. Steps have been taken to reduce or modify vegetation in and around the facility to reduce the risk of loss to wildfire.
  4. Crates and containers with food are stored close to animal enclosures to help speed the evacuation process.
  5. Some dangerous animals are pre-planned to be moved to other zoos that can care for them properly early in the evacuation process.

The importance of pre-planning insures that animals at zoos and aquarium facilities will be kept safe in the event of a wildfire.  This is also an important concept for pet owners living in wildfire prone regions.  Preplanning to get your beloved animals out of harm’s way in the event of a wildfire will not only keep them safer but will also help you evacuate more quickly and safely.

 

Photo credit: Faith Berry

Picture of a family working on a wildfire safety project submitted by Steve Lawry of Holly Knoll Homeowner's Association in Great Falls, Virginia.Working with many neighborhoods and cities through the years, there were times when I wondered why some areas seemed so well prepared for wildfire and some were not. Most unprepared people are aware of their risk and some even know actions they need to take to reduce their risk of loss but did not really do much collaboratively as groups or individually to take steps necessary to help make themselves safer if there was a wildfire event. Although we can acknowledge that it is ultimately our responsibility to help make things safer for ourselves and our loved ones, sometimes this notion does not address the fact that there are vulnerable populations who may need extra support or people who have difficulty engaging in wildfire safety work because of a barrier of some sort.

An interesting case study recently written by Dr. Crystal A. Kolden and Carol Henson takes a look at a success story about wildfire safety efforts made by the Montecito, California fire department and local residents before the Thomas Fire and how they overcame barriers to wildfire mitigation efforts. Through the use of geospatial data, recorded interviews and other program documentation, it explored the plan the community made and the actions they took to reduce their losses during the 2017 Thomas Fire.

Some of the steps they took have been emulated by other communities I have connected with in the past, including:

  1. The local fire department conducted outreach and educational events focusing on getting to know each neighborhood's needs and helping each find specific solutions to meet those needs. They realized from these conversations that members of their community had a financial barrier. To overcome this hurdle to action, they created a community-wide chipping program as a solution to help residents, especially those with financial needs, get rid of debris removed from on and around the home.
  2. The fire department also took time to get to know where people who had physical or language barriers would need extra help during an evacuation.  In wildfire events, these populations can suffer the greatest loss. Simple actions taken in advance of a wildfire event can make a difference.
  3. The community and fire department worked together to build a bond of trust, which enabled them to work together on wildfire safety project work. A similar positive relationship enabled Falls Creek, Colorado to have a positive outcome during the 416 Fire.
  4. They provided materials in the different languages spoken by residents in the community to overcome language barriers to adopting wildfire preparedness. NFPA® has no-cost Spanish language brochures to help your community overcome this barrier.

The case study also revealed that they should have better planned for and taken steps to mitigate the effects of flooding after the fire, which is where the community experienced the greatest losses. However, the paper further discussed that their efforts to make the city safer helped reduce the losses by the community overall. I have seen first-hand where communities who have worked hard together have created safer communities where residents have developed a bond of trust.

Picture of a family working on a wildfire safety project submitted by Steve Lawry of Holly Knoll Homeowner's Association in Great Falls, Virginia.

Two forestry service personnel with two NFPA Employees sharing how to create safer landscaping in the home ignition zone

Incredible stories are pouring in about projects accomplished across the country and the globe on Wildfire Community Preparedness Day.  Here at NFPA®’s main office, we hosted a training session provided by two Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR) employees about how to make changes to the landscape around the home and the home itself for wildfire safety, also shared were pruning tips to assist with liming up trees.

 

From Washington State, Nancy Miller shared, “We had a great event and removed more than 15 yards of chipped Picture of a community with prep day banner and dumpster full of chipped materialdebris!  I don't know what that represents in volume before it was chipped, but it was a very large amount.”  

 

Nancy went on to say, “We appreciated so very much your award of $500 dollars and with community member donations we were able to hire a professional to bring his large chipper and remove the tree limbs and brush that would contribute fuel for a wildfire.” 

 

Back again on the East Coast in Maine, the Aroostook Band of Micmacs, completed a community clean up and educational event that was featured on local television.

 

And in Yarnell, Arizona, Denise Roggio shared, “We wanted to share our successful event with you and your organization. We went to the Model Creek School as an activity outreach with students, grades 1 - 8.  The students learned about fire resistant plants and planted terrariums.  Then, on Saturday, May 4th, we hosted a Firewise Plants/Defensible Space workshop.” 

 

This is a picture of residents participating in a landscaping workshop in Yarnell, AZ for wildfire safetyExplaining more about the workshop, Denise said, “The $500 in funding purchased beautiful flowering plants, and 1 plant was given to each household represented.  38 people attended the workshop.  Two firefighters spoke regarding creating defensible space, and a gardening expert taught us how to properly care for and plant fire resistant native plants.  This event was wonderful!  People have requested that we do many more of these community engagement events. Thank you so very much for the Grant award! We are very grateful.”

 

We are also hearing from people who participated with Wildfire Community Preparedness Day in Canada, Mexico, Spain, Italy, the United Kingdom, and other countries.  It is great to see that more and more people are participating globally in this incredible effort. 

 

Each and every participant is a wildfire safety hero! We are looking forward to hearing more about events and projects completed not only on this day but every day.  Working together, we all can make a difference with every project and activity we complete to create safer homes and neighborhoods.  Tell us your story!

 

 

Photo credits: Top photo - courtesy Tracy Gaudette, two DCR employees sharing landscaping techniques with NFPA employees. Middle photo - courtesy Nancy Miller, community chipping event.  Bottom photo - Denise Roggio, Yarnell Landscaping event.

chipper dayIn light of recent horrific losses to life and property from wildfires, we wonder who is responsible to create homes and neighborhoods that are safer?

I think we can all have a part to play, both individually and collectively.

Residents in wildfire-prone areas should prepare for wildfire by focusing on the Home Ignition Zone (HIZ).  The Home Ignition Zone includes the home itself and the landscaping (especially the first 5 feet) around the home.  Most homes burn during wildfire events from embers (bits of burning matter) that are lofted in the air from the wildfire and can land in this critical area.  Debris such as leaves, pine needles, or branches on or around the home can act as kindling that the embers ignite and ultimately cause homes to burn.   

Once this debris is removed from the home ignition zone, residents may struggle with finding a way to easily dispose of this material. Individually, it can become cost-prohibitive to hire a contractor to remove it. This cost is an obstacle to risk reduction, and worse yet, can lead people to resort to illegal dumping.

This is where participation together on a Wildfire Community Preparedness Day project can come to the rescue! Collectively working together on a neighborhood project can lower costs, lighten the workload, and make wildfire risk reduction fun! Working together with sponsors and partners can be even better. 

Here are some ideas to overcome obstacles to debris removal:

  1. Providing green waste to a biofuel company if there is one within a reasonable distance.
  2. Apply for and share funding for a removal project, like the $500 awards provided with generous support from State Farm.
  3. Get a dumpster donated for a day and work hard to fill it up.
  4. Together hire a chipping contractor and donate chipped material to a park or garden area.
  5. Together rent a truck to take the material to a green waste recycling site.
  6. Hire goats!
  7. Connect with state, federal or other agencies to help burn material following all local and state regulations and prescribed safety precautions.

Together we all can make a difference, and being safer during a wildfire is possible! Loss from a local wildfire is not inevitable. If you've taken safety steps, please tell us about it on NFPA's Wildfire and Firewise USA Program Facebook Page or on Twitter by using the hashtag #WildfirePrepDay.

Photo credit: Taylor Hunsaker. 2018 Wildfire Community Preparedness Day chipping event in Kimberly, Idaho.

According to an NFPA® report on youth and wildfire preparedness, only 21% of students interviewed in wildfire prone regions have a family preparedness plan for when they are home alone.  Even more amazing is that only 10% had evacuation bags prepared for themselves at home.   However 65% of these young people were aware that a fire could happen at any time and anywhere.

Wildfire Community Preparedness Day is this Saturday, May 4th, and an excellent time to start the family conversation around what to do before and when a wildfire happens.   Take a moment to discuss what the plan is when your young family members are home alone or if they are home, caring for younger children.  Some ideas for developing your family plan include:

  • Connecting with a trusted neighbor close by who your children know who can evacuate them.
  • Or, setting up a schedule with other working parents in the neighborhood, so that one is always at home and can make sure the children are safe.
  • Packing a Go Bag with treasured items, water, food, prescriptions, etc.  That they can grab and leave quickly with.
  • Practice together with their pets if time allows to be able to crate them and go.
  • Have a designated contact, such as an out of town family member’s number programmed into their cell phone so that you can find each other quickly.

The most important thing that you can do as a family is to make sure your home and the landscape immediately surrounding your home is well maintained for wildfire safety.  You want to make sure that those you care about are safe and secure.  For more information about wildfire safety tips check out NFPA’s Firewise USA® webpage.

 

Photo shared with permission from Jason King

A one-day hackathon is being hosted on the 42 Silicon Valley Campus in recognition of Wildfire Community Preparedness Day on May 4, 2019. The goal of a hackathon is to get computer programmers, graphic designers, interface designers, project managers, and others together in one place to create software or other functioning projects for a specific purpose.

Recognizing the deadly 2018 wildfire season which caused $9 billion dollars in damage, IBM and other supporters including David Clark Cause as part of a multi-year global initiative, are rallying developers to create positive change by developing applications based on cloud, data, and AI (artificial intelligence) that can help create changes in wildfire and emergency preparedness. This hackathon is part of a larger project called Call for Code® which encourages developers to volunteer to be a part of helping design positive change.

California residents are especially encouraged to participate to help create new solutions. According to the event description, “Californians have a unique perspective that can help drive innovation in this field. Developers, makers, and builders have lived through disasters and know what is at stake. Bring your best!”

Registration for the event is free. The event starts promptly at 8 AM PDT in Fremont, California and ends at 6 PM. Parts of the event will be recorded. This is one great way to help create neighborhoods that are safer from wildfires on Wildfire Community Preparedness Day! What will you be doing?

This Old House host Kevin O’Connor interviewed Dan Gorham, from The Insurance Institute for Business and Home Safety (IBHS®) to learn techniques for making homes safer during wildfire events.   This Old House a television show dedicated to sharing step by step tactics to make home improvement projects easy for anyone has added a new Ask This Old House segment about project work to improve the survival of your home on its latest show.

Dan talked to Kevin about the fact that houses are burned during wildfires mainly because embers generated during a wildfire ignite combustible materials close to the home.  He also shared some ways people can make improvements to the home by using noncombustible building materials and making landscaping improvements especially within the 0-5 foot area around the home.  Check out this segment of This Old House on You Tube; https://youtu.be/D1WxCBU6JAM

And for more resources that you can use to make your home safer from wildfire check out NFPA® research fact sheets produced in collaboration with IBHS. The topics covered include making improvements to decks, attics and crawl spaces, coatings, fencing and more!  

Image of WUI community from NFPA's Community Wildfire Safety through Regulation guide

The American Planning Association (APA) has just published a new report that is available at no cost to download (though users have to create a guest account and password to log in), thanks to the sponsorship of the USDA Forest Service as well as state and private forestry programs. The report specifically looks at the wildfire-related risks faced by two-thirds of the population of the United States, emphasizing that many more areas outside the West are vulnerable. One need only look at the past few week's news stories to recognize this, including reports of an 11,000 acre fire in New Jersey, a wildfire in the panhandle of Florida, and multiple smaller fires that broke out in North Carolina.

The purpose of the report, "Planning the Wildland-Urban Interface," is to provide planners with some tools to make better planning choices to help create more resilient neighborhoods. The report states, “Planners across the country have important roles to play in helping communities reduce their vulnerability to the destructive and tragic consequences of wildfires such as the Camp Fire.” It provides useful resources including references to NFPA standards for new construction and NFPA's Firewise USA program.

The report explores the fact that those who choose to live in beautiful areas that are close to nature must be aware of what their risk is and take appropriate steps to reduce their risk of loss. Everyone has a part to play. Read the report to get some information about how planners can participate in helping to design WUI communities that are safer from wildfire loss. 

 

Image from NFPA's Community Wildfire Safety through Regulation: A Best Practices Guide for Planners and Regulators, 2013.

Your successful Wildfire Community Preparedness Day project can not only help your community be safer in the event of a wildfire event but also shine as an example of success for other communities to copy.   Remember the old adage; “Copying is the best form of flattery.”  Just think your success and your success story can actually help another community somewhere be able to make their own project plan in the future.

You may be wondering how you can share your success story with others.  Did you know NFPA® has free downloadable resources to help your project shine like a star in the night sky!  

For example a new resource on the Wildfire Community Preparedness Day webpage is a press release template to help you connect with local media outlets to share the good work that you are accomplishing.  To take great photos to go along with your press release NFPA created another new resource that gives you tips on taking good photos of your project work.

There is also some great information in another new free downloadable piece the Wildfire Community Preparedness Day Toolkit.  This piece even provides you with a beautifully designed flyer that you can very easily personalize, print and distribute in locations like your local library and schools.

Share what you are doing on social media on the Firewise USA® Facebook page.  Or tweet your success at #WildfirePrepDay.  Shout out your success you can become a wildfire superstar this year!   You can be the person who helps, save a home, lives and neighborhoods.  Learn more about how you can participate in this national campaign today.

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is looking for assistance from community members in Sevier County, Tennessee who were affected by the Chimney Tops Fire in 2016.  They want to know more about their experiences and responses to emergency notifications during this wildfire incident and are asking people to complete a survey online or by telephone.

NIST will use the survey results to help improve emergency messaging, training and education of emergency personnel and to develop evacuation models that can be used for wildfire planning.  According to a press release from NIST, “The study may lead to the development of changes that could improve current standards and practices so that communities across the U.S. can become more resilient to natural hazards.”

The survey is being conducted for NIST by a research firm called the Fors Marsh Group.  Some people living in the area were sent a letter in October 2018 with a web link to complete the survey, which according to NIST takes 20 minutes to complete. The survey sign-in page can be found at www.NISTfiresurvey.com and participants can either use a “personal code” they received in one of the letters mentioned above that were sent or can use their home address.  Additionally, if you are interested in participating you can also call the Fors Marsh Group at 877 891-2465.

 

Photo credit: Destroyed home in Sevier County, Tennessee, 2016, by Faith Berry, NFPA.

Map showing point locations of the one hundred fifty $500 Wildfire Community Preparedness Day funding awards.

Point locations of the one hundred fifty $500 Wildfire Community Preparedness Day funding awards.

Communities from across the nation applied for Wildfire Community Preparedness Day funding awards to help them complete a project on Saturday, May 4th.   These one hundred fifty, $500 awards provided with generous support from State Farm are going to be given to communities in 27 states from across the United States to help create neighborhoods that are safer from wildfire loss.  NFPA® is pleased to announce the winners of the funding awards.  The winning applications shared incredible narratives about the project work these communities intend to complete on Prep Day, May 4th.

Everyone who takes action to make their homes and the landscape surrounding their home safer from wildfire losses are all winners!  NFPA® provides great resources to help you embark on a journey of creating communities that are more resilient in the event of a wildfire.  You can be a winner too!  Check out information about many of the improvements you can make to your home and the landscape surrounding your home that can help make where you live and those you care about better protected.  Many of these changes and improvement projects do not have to cost a lot of money.  Simple things like cleaning out your gutter, sweeping your porch, and cleaning flammable materials from under your deck can all make a big difference!

Will you survive the next wildfire?  Find out how you can be a winner and encourage others to be a part of this National Campaign on May 4th.

Asset(s)

People raking vegetation debris as part of their Wildfire Prep Day activity

Wildfire safety preparedness is something that we all have a part to play no matter who we are.   Communities across the country have come together to work on wildfire risk reduction projects that have made a difference.   Their stories serve as an inspiration to others, that wildfire safety project work can be merely a matter of elbow grease and good old fashioned neighborhood participation.  Thanks to a generous donation from State Farm 150 communities from across the United States will get $500 to use on a wildfire safety project along with a beautiful free 3 foot by 5 foot banner to promote what they are doing.

 

Last year one of the $500 award winners Falls Creek in Durango, Colorado survived the 416 Fire due in large part to the wildfire safety project work completed by the community both to their homes and the landscape immediately surrounding their homes.  Their work was applauded in the Inci Web report for the fire by the supervising fire officer.

Little girl with shovel at a Wildfire Prep Day event

Will you be a wildfire safety superstar this year? This is your chance to tell others what you are doing on Wildfire Community Preparedness Day.  Map your wildfire safety project on the Wildfire Community Preparedness Day page for free to let others know where your project is so they can jump in and give you a hand.

 

Don’t know where to start?   Check out this handy, free downloadable toolkit.   In it you’ll find a project idea checklist, a beautiful, downloadable, fillable flyer to advertise the day, and a safety tip sheet to help keep you and your volunteers protected. Want to get a shout out to promote what you are doing locally?  Check out a fillable proclamation you can share with local elected officials.   

 

Let this be the year you take action!  The role that you play, no matter who you are, can make a difference. Participate in Wildfire Prep Day and be a part of creating safer communities and tell us what you are doing.  Be a wildfire safety hero.

 

 

Photo credit: Top - Bustins Island Wildfire Prep Day event, Faith Berry; Right - Wildfire prep day activity courtesy of April Van Hale

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