On June 2, 1992 a fire in a Detroit, Michigan board and care facility fire spread rapidly through the three-story, former two-family home. Ten residents died. Based on NFPA's investigation, factors that contributed to fire spread and loss of life included the lack of an automatic fire sprinkler system, combustible interior finish, open stairways and other unprotected vertical openings, and a lack of fire safety training and fire drills. According to the report, an automatic sprinkler system could have altered the results of this incident by controlling and possibly extinguishing the fire early in the sequence of events.
According to NFPA’s latest report on board and care facility fires, an average of 2,070 structure fires in residential board and care facilities per year were reported to U.S. fire departments during 2003-2007. These fires caused an estimated average of ten civilian deaths, 70 civilian injuries and $10.9 million in direct property damage per year.
Download a free fact sheet on structure fires in residential board and care facilities. NFPA members can download a free copy of NFPA’s investigation report on the 1992 Michigan board and care facility fire. Not a member? Join today.