In 2011, The Fire Protection Research Foundation’s Property Insurance Research Group initiated a study of the hazards associated with lithium ion battery storage, with an aim of developing fire protection strategies to mitigate loss associated with fire incidence with these batteries in bulk storage and distribution, alone and in manufactured products. The overall aim is to develop the technical basis for requirements in NFPA and other standards which prescribe protection requirements.
The first phase of the project, conducted by Exponent, Inc., was a literature review of battery technology, failure modes and events, usage, codes and standards, and a hazard assessment during the life cycle of storage and distribution. It lays out a research approach toward evaluating appropriate facility fire protection strategies.
The Foundation convened a research planning workshop on Tuesday, August 30th, 2011, in Baltimore, MD. Approximately 85 representatives from the battery, automotive, aircraft, insurance, fire protection and fire service sectors attended the workshop and participated in active discussions. The goal of the workshop was to review the findings in the Phase I study, and develop a strategy to implement the next Phase of the project.