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The recent Black Forest Fire destroyed homes near Colorado Springs, Colorado.

The exorbitant cost of fighting catastrophic wildfires is having a negative impact on prevention efforts in the United States.


+The New York Times+ reports that federal dollars allotted to reduce fire risksthinning trees and clearing acres of deadfall, for examplecontinue to dwindle as the cost of fighting wildfires increases, prompting the government to dip into funds initially reserved for prevention efforts.

"There is a growing consensus in the West that dollar for dollar, these kinds of prevention efforts are paying off," Senator Ron Wyden of Oregon told the+ Times.+ "And when the big fire breaks out, the bureaucracy steals money from the prevention fund and the problem gets worse. The Forest Service has become the fire service."


Exemplifying the problem, the Times reports that the Forest Service 20 years ago spent 13 percent of its budget on firefighting. Today, that figure has swelled to 40 percent.


While studies have underscored the effectiveness of thinning forests and other governmental efforts, homeowners also play a crucial role in keeping fires in check. More than 900 communities nationwide have taken part in the Firewise Communities/USA® Recognition Program, another effective approach in mitigating wildfire risks. Check out NFPA&#39;s Firewise site for success stories, a Firewise communities map, and an array of no-cost resources. </p>

Sparky the Fire Dog® is featured on The Cherokee Ledger-News.Com as a great way to reach out to residents with important fire safety information. Sparky is the newest firefighter joining the Woodstock (GA) Fire Department, although he won’t be fighting fire he will be busy helping the department with their community outreach.

Kids and grown-ups enjoy looking at the "real-life" Sparky and I have seen kids give him lots of hugs, mesmerized by his presence and hold his hand. While he can get the attention of the audience, he also has life saving fire safety information to share with residents. Sparky will make a special appearance during the Woodstock’s Freedom Run on July 4th.

Sparky's official web site, and Sparky’s Wish List was also featured in the Cherokee Ledger. The Woodstock Fire Department has a page on Sparky’s Wish List.  Residents and business can purchase fire safety education materials to support the fire department.

Hats off to the Woodstock Fire Department for promoting Sparky the Fire Dog and utilizing Sparky’s Wish List to purchase NFPA fire safety materials! What a great article.

- by NFPA's Amy LeBeau

Fire Break JuneThe June issue of Fire Break, NFPA’s wildland fire newsletter, is now available for viewing. In this issue, you’ll find:

An update on the Colorado wildfires and the resources NFPA provides to help communities create a safer place to live

  • Information about a handful of U.S. states that will most likely see significant wildfire activity this year
  • A link to a Journal article that highlights the work NFPA is doing with land use planners and developers regarding wildfire mitigation and safety
  • An update on our Backyards & Beyond conference including speakers, special presentations and information about Salt Lake City
  • A link to our newest FAC infographic that provides residents with a visual roadmap for creating safer, more fire adapted communities

… And lots more! We want to continue to share all of this great information with you so don’t miss an issue! Subscribe today. It’s free! Just click here to add your email address to our newsletter list.

UpStairs Lounge plaque
A plaque commemorating the UpStairs Lounge Fire

News reports have labeled it the "largest LGBT massacre in American history." Yet, the UpStairs Lounge Fire, which occurred 40 years ago this week, has largely remained one of the country's more forgotten incidents.

On June 24, 1973, the UpStairs Lounge, a popular gay bar in the French Quarter of New Orleans, was filled with revelers from the Metropolitan Community Church (MCC), a pro-LGBT denomination. A patron that evening was asked to respond to the incessant doorbell ringing and was greeted by a kerosene-fueled fireball that made its way up the stairwell to the bar. Patrons, lacking a main exit, scrambled to safety; some attempted to squeeze through the window's metal bars while others slid down drain pipes or escaped through another exit leading to the building's theater. One of the more disturbing images from the incident is of MCC pastor, Rev. Bill Larson, who succumbed to the fire after witnesses heard him screaming "Oh, God. No!" Emergency responders and onlookers found his body stuck in the window's metal bars.

Thirty two people died in the incident deemed by media reports as the deadliest fire in New Orleans history. There were no convictions, though the likely culprit was a troublemaking patron who was booted from the bar the night of the fire. He committed suicide a year later.

At a time of heightened homophobia, many news outlets failed to mention that the majority of victims were gay. Moreover, some family members failed to claim the victims' bodies. A marker at the site of the fire--the building has been transformed into a restaurant and bar--now commemorates the tragedy.

"This tragedy has consumed my life since I found out about it two years ago," Misti Ates, a New Orleans LGBT advocate, told The Times-Picayune during a jazz funeral procession this week. "The people who died were someone's child, brother, father, or wife. It's not just a gay event. These are real people with real lives."

For more details on the fire, read NFPA's investigation report.

NFPA senior instructors Bob Caputo and Russ Leavitt are no strangers to surprises when they travel but on a recent trip to the Netherlands, both instructors were challenged with a new challenge; a barn fire.

NFPA regularly teams up with Tom Denooij from Marsh Risk Consulting to host training seminars in the Netherlands and across Europe. Tom's title is senior consultant for Marsh Risk Consulting but he is also a senior instructor for NFPA and was the driving force behind NFPA Eurocon 2012. Tom arranged a training week in Rotterdam starting on May 13, 2013 for NFPA 13, 20 & 25 with Caputo and Leavitt as instructors. On this particular trip, Denooij had a special surprise for Caputo and Leavitt. Wednesday evenings in Rotterdam, Denooij adds another title - Volunteer fire chief for his hometown station - PostMijnsheerenland /Westmaas. During this training week in May, 2013 Caputo and Leavitt were invited to don firefighting gear including breathing apparatus to respond to a fire at a nearby farmhouse. The 911 call came in saying there was a smoke in the barn and two of the home's occupants were probably still in the barn. The chief ordered his team to sweep the building for occupants with Leavit's group entering the building from the right and Caputo's group entering from the left. The two teams found the occupants and guided them to safety.

For Caputo and Leavitt, the exercise was a way to connect the material they teach to the actual experience of fighting a fire in Europe. A fire in the US is the same as everywhere else in the world but to understand how different constituents deal with fire suppression is vital for NFPA instructors. It allows code translation from the users perspective. Denooij hopes this is a first step to create global standards. For Caputo and Leavitt, it's an experience they can share with their students.

Holland Firefighters

The Fire Protection Research Foundation is collaborating on a new project being led by International Personnel Protection, Inc. to develop new procedures to improve how barrier protective clothing for first responders is evaluated when limiting exposure to hazardous liquids. This project is funded by the Technical Support Working Group (TSWG) of the Department of the Defense’s Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office (CTTSO).

Many different types of protective clothing are required to prevent the penetration of various types of liquids, including hot water, fire ground chemicals, industrial chemicals, blood/body fluids, and even chemical or biological warfare agents. Requirements exist for characterizing how materials keep these substances from contacting the responder; the industry generally relies on full-scale product testing to assess full garments or ensembles. Currently, liquid integrity testing is performed on clothing that is placed on a mannequin and subjected to surfactant treated water spray from several nozzles over a specified period. The “shower” test as it has commonly been called has focused attention on garment design, particularly for closures and interfaces with other clothing items, but has also been criticized for being overly rigorous, lacking consistency, and making it difficult to identify failure modes.

The principle effort of the Improved Liquid Integrity Evaluation Techniques for First Responder Ensembles research project is to develop sensors to replace the subjective determinations of liquid penetration made as part of the current test. The outcome of this work will be recommendations for new test procedures for incorporation into various standards such as NFPA 1971, Standard on Protective Ensembles for Structural Fire Fighting and Proximity Fire Fighting and NFPA 1994, Standard on Protective Ensembles for First Responders to CBRN Terrorism Incidents. 


Video: Jeffrey Stull, president of International Personnel Protection, Inc., talks about the project.

Lightning safetyThis year, from June 23rd to 29th, the National Weather Service is commemorating Lightning Safety Week. This is an important educational week for them, and us, because summer is the peak season for one of the nation's deadliest weather phenomena--lightning. Though lightning strikes peak in summer, people are struck year round. In the United States, according to the latest NFPA report, local fire departments respond to an estimated average of 22,600 fires per year that were started by lightning. These fires cause an average of nine civilian deaths, 53 civilian injuries, and $451 million in direct property damage per year. 

The National Weather Service has provided many educational resources on their website, including information on;

  • Safety: Learn what you need to do to stay safe when thunderstorms threaten.
  • Victims: Learn what happens to people who are struck by lightning and look at fatality statistics for the U.S.
  • Science: Learn how thunderstorms develop and what happens during a lightning discharge.
  • Myths and Facts: Get answers to many of the questions you have always wondered about
  • Teachers: find curriculum guides, presentations games, activities, and more.
  • Kids: Download games, videos, coloring pages and other fun stuff.
  • More Resources: Download toolkits, posters, pamphlets, and other information to help communities, organizations, and families stay safe from the dangers of lightning

In addition, NFPA offers lightning safety tips in an easy to read tip sheet. Check them out above or download these NFPA safety tips on lightning. 

Miss an important education session at NFPA’s Conference & Expo in Chicago?

Or were you an attendee who’d like to revisit a particular session?

Fleetwood On-site Conference Recording is at your service, offering a complete set of educational recordings or individual sessions. See the Fleetwood website for details and ordering information.


CFPS Board Election Results

Posted by kategreene Employee Jun 21, 2013

SAM_0007The CFPS Board of Directors held their annual meeting in Chicago, Illinois on June 9, 2013. The board honored two outgoing Directors, Thomas K. Varney and Edward J. Jones while welcoming two new Directors, Bret Martin and Anthony R. Cole. The board reelected Bruce H. Clarke as Chairman and David R. Hague as vice-Chairman and elected David W. Ward as Secretary/Treasurer. In other business, the board voted on several changes to the Bylaws, reviewed annual financial information and certification data, and discussed the future of the CFPS program. Learn more about CFPS.

Well, my confined space blog may have slowed down a bit in the past couple months due to other ongoing work, but unfortunately the confined space fatalities have not slowed down...

In April, seven workers were killed in a tank that was undergoing maintenance and cleaning at a plant in Mexico City operated by Corona beermaker, Grupo Modelo.  It is believed that four victims were maintenance contractors and three victims were other Modelo employees.   There are few details available on the incident.  It is speculated that the deaths were due to “unspecified toxins” and that the three Modelo employees had entered the tank in an effort to rescue the other four contract employees.   Mexican authorities are reportedly investigating the incident.  

Confined spaces are or should be clearly recognized in the beer industry.  The large numbers of tanks that are entered for maintenance and cleaning, combined with hazardous atmospheres including carbon dioxide produced during fermentation, inert atmospheres, and ammonia from refrigeration systems creates significant confined space entries and hazards.   These incidents do not just happen in foreign countries, and wine makers are also not off the hook when it comes to confined spaces.  A confined space death occurred just two years earlier at Napa California at Ancien wines when a worker was overcome by nitrogen and argon gases inside a tank.  

Workers entering into tanks in the beer and wine industries should be intimately familiar with confined space entry procedures.  Even if contractors were always used to perform confined space entry work, it is unclear why Modelo employees would have entered the tank if they had been trained to recognize the confined space hazard.  The Modelo company has been in operation since 1925 and is the maker of the number 1 imported beer in the United States. 

This confined space incident has the largest loss of life in one entry that I am aware of.  While it is not uncommon to lose 2-3 workers, this incident claimed the lives of 7 workers.  Confined space entry hazards continue to claim lives despite improved recognition of the hazards and despite regulations and guidelines available to prevent such incidents.  

The National Fire Protection Association is developing a Best Practices document for confined space entry. This document will address gaps in existing standards and will be more prescriptive in describing things like how to test the atmosphere in and around confined spaces prior to entry.  The NFPA document is looking to go beyond the minimum standards and to provide those looking to develop a “gold star” confined space entry program with the information they need to do so.  Please email me at for further information and/or leave a comment below for discussion.  I look forward to hearing from you!


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NFPA is soliciting session proposals for the 2014 NFPA Conference & Expo, to be held June 9-12, in Las Vegas. The NFPA Conference & Expo is widely regarded as the most comprehensive event in the industry. With approximately 5,000 attendees, it is the year's largest and most important event for the fire protection, life safety, and electrical industries.


!|src=|alt=Edsession|style=margin: 0px 0px 5px 5px;|title=Edsession|class=asset asset-image at-xid-6a00d8351b9f3453ef019103972ce1970c!If you'd like to share your knowledge and best practices, we invite you to send us your session proposals in any of the following topic areas:

    • Electrical

    • Fire Protection Engineering

    • Fire and Emergency Services

    • Emergency Preparedness/Business Continuity

    • Building and Life Safety

    • Loss Control/Prevention

    • Detection and Notification

    • Fire Suppression

    • Green Initiatives

    • Public Education

    • Research


Deadline: Monday, September 16<br />All proposals must be submitted online .

This is a great opportunity to share your knowledge and expertise, increase your exposure and visibility in your industry, add to your resume and your list of achievements, and meet valuable contacts and resources for your professional network. In addition, all speakers will receive a complimentary registration to the NFPA Conference & Expo.

For assistance or questions regarding:

In acknowledgment of International Fire/EMS Safety and Health Week, June 16-22, the NFPA offered a 15-question quiz and a sweepstakes for fire service members. Those who completed the quiz and provided their contact information were entered into the sweepstakes. Of the almost 1,000 people who took the quiz, and the 617 who entered their information to be entered into the sweepstakes drawing, 125 winners were randomly selected and will receive commemorative challenge coins (above).

The quiz acted as a refresher for firefighter health and safety knowledge; it aimed to improve their safety in individual and team capacities. Thank you to the quiz participants in furthering the ongoing effort to raise awareness of this important topic.

Congratulations to the winners! Click here for the full list.


Join us on Thursday, June 27th at 2:00pm EST as Rich Bielen, NFPA Division Manager, Fire Protection Systems, and Jonathan Hart, NFPA Fire Protection Engineer present a recap of the NFPA 99 Health Care Facilities session from the recent NFPA Conference and Expo in Chicago.  This is your chance to gain some insight into what was discussed at the Conference, and engage with the NFPA 99 experts.

Attendees are encouraged to send their questions via email or Twitter during the presentation. Get involved and join the conversation, register today!

Be sure to join us for this live, interactive discussion. Register now!

Ken Willette
NFPA's own Ken Willette, Division Manager of Public Fire Protection, recently sat down with Chelsea B. Sheasley of The Christian Science Monitor to discuss the current historically low firefighter death numbers. Here is some of the article that resulted; 

When Ken Willette started firefighting 35 years ago, his uniform left much to be desired. Little more than a raincoat with rubber boots and plastic gloves, the outfit was more likely to melt than sustain his job responsibilities.

Now, with improvements to firefighting equipment, as well as better safety standards, and a decrease in overall fires, the number of firefighter deaths has dropped by more than a third in the past three decades and has fallen to historic lows the past two years.

The Firefighter Fatality Report, just published by NFPA, tells us that a total of 64 on-duty firefighters died in the US in 2012, marking the second consecutive year that the total has been below 65 deaths, the lowest level since statistics began to be tracked in 1977. The number of fatalities that occurred during actual firefighting also dropped to a record low.

It’s a significant improvement from the late 1970s, when the average number of on-duty firefighter deaths reached 151. The numbers have been trending downward since then, according to that new NFPA report. By the 1990s, the average number of on-duty deaths fell to 97 and the first decade of the 21st century saw the figure drop to 88. In the past five years the number fell further to 77 average annual fatalities.

Mr. Willette, who ran two fire departments in Massachusetts after his early firefighter days, says that even though fewer firefighters are dying at fires, fires are reaching "flashover" points, where all combustible materials ignite at the same time, sooner.

“It’s a point of no survival for the firefighter or the occupant. We want to get firefighters there within 10 minutes. We’re now finding flashover occurring at the six minute mark or sooner,” says Willette. He advocates installing sprinklers in residential homes, where the majority of firefighter deaths occur, but says many homeowners and builders are resistant due to cost.

“There are tools to make the firefighters job safer and people safer, we have to wait for the public to accept that.”

Read the full article to find out more about what has been happening in the industry to reduce the numbers, including the National Fallen Firefighters Foundation's “Everyone Goes Home” program. Also detailed are some of the reasons behind the deaths that still are occuring, including health and safety issues that continue to be a focus point in reducing these numbers even further. 

Speaking of health and safety, today is the final day for fire service members to take the NFPA, NVFC and IAFC quiz on that very subject, earning them an entry in our sweepstakes. 125 randomly selected winners will be announced tomorrow. 

NFPA 58, Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code, has requirements for installations in areas with heavy snowfall, which were first added in a TIA in the 1992 edition and then added to the 1995 edition. The requirements were the result of fatalities due to unusually heavy snow in Lake Tahoe, CA
area during the winter of 1992-93 where the snowfall was sufficient to cover propone tanks, move tanks, and break piping systems.

 The Foundation is initiating a project to develop the technical substantiation for threshold values for heavy snowload criteria for the NFPA 58 Technical Committee.

If you have information to share, or are interested in serving on the Technical Panel for the Project, please respond.


Thank you.

Foundation reportVarious water additives are available in today’s marketplace that claim to provide advantageous performance characteristics for fire control and vapor mitigation. Of particular interest are additives that report to provide superior fire suppression capabilities through emulsification or encapsulation.

However, a scientific assessment of these various additives is lacking, and the fire protection community would benefit from an evaluation of the various available water additives for fire control and vapor mitigation. Therefore, the goal of this recent Foundation project was to provide a comprehensive evaluation of water additives used for fire control and vapor mitigation, with the intent to clarify the fire protection benefit of using water with additives for fire suppression versus water without additives. The project objectives to achieve this goal include providing a comprehensive review of the literature, identification of key performance characteristics, review of candidate test agents, and formulation of a detailed test plan that would be implemented in a potential second phase (not included in the scope of this effort).

The newly published report, "Evaluation of Water Additives for Fire Control and Vapor Mitigation,” was authored by Joseph Scheffey, Eric Forssell, and Jarrod Childs of Hughes Associates, Inc.


!|border=0|src=|alt=Sparky Facebook|style=margin: 0px 5px 5px 0px;|title=Sparky Facebook|class=asset asset-image at-xid-6a00d8351b9f3453ef017eea1bdb9a970d!Each week, we have fun with fire safety trivia on&#0160;[Sparky the Fire Dog&#39;s Facebook page |]. We ask a trivia question early in the morning, take guesses all day long, and then post the correct answer by the end of the day - every Tuesday.&#0160;

Here's how you can participate! Head over to [Sparky's Facebook page |] and leave your guess to the following trivia question. Then be sure to check back later today to find out if you were right! (Hint: all of the correct answers can be found on our website as well!) Have fun and good luck!


An investigative report by NBC Chicago highlights a battle raging in Illinois as State Fire Marshal Larry Matkaitis is working to update the state fire code, unchanged for the past twelve years. According to the report “the one he's proposing is a big one: a first-ever requirement for fire sprinklers in all new single-family homes, including those built in Chicago.”

 "As far as I'm concerned, everyone in Illinois deserves safe housing," Matkaitis told NBC Chicago. "Every state fire marshal in the country is trying to do the same thing that I am, for the same reason."

The report also focused on the “testy relationship between Matkaitis and the City of Chicago” because the city insists, under home rule authority, it doesn't have to follow the state fire code at all. The largest sticking point: retrofitting residential high-rises with fire sprinkler systems.

"The statute applies all over the State of Illinois, whether it's Chicago or Cairo," Matkaitis said. "I want cooperation from everybody to save lives and property. Remember that. Save lives and property. That's the only thing that I do."

Interviewed for the report was NFPA President James Shannon who said; "There's no question that residential high-rises should have sprinklers…where sprinklers are involved, the chance that somebody's going to die in a fire in one of those buildings goes down dramatically."

The Illinois Fire Chief's Association has documented its support for the state fire marshals' effort to require fire sprinklers in all new one- and two-family homes.


Ten NFPA codes and standards, including NFPA 70®, National Electrical Code®, were acted upon during the NFPA Conference &amp; Expo last week in Chicago. See the results of our Association Technical Meeting.


The role of technology – and how it helps NFPA improve, health, safety and education for its many audiences around the world – was the focus of NFPA President Jim Shannon’s remarks at the General Session of the NFPA Conference & Expo in Chicago. "We have become accustomed to getting answers to questions right away," he said. "We communicate all day with our co-workers, colleagues in other places, our families, our friends.  We are connected all day, every day… We have structured our lives, both professional and personal, around a technology that we knew almost nothing about a couple of decades ago." Read the full text of Mr. Shannon's speech.


NFPA Chair Philip C. Stittleburg used his time on stage at the Aerie Crown Theater at the McCormick Place Convention Center during the NFPA Conference & Expo to talk about NFPA’s influence. "We have more than 300 codes and standards," he said, "but many may seem remote from what we do day-to-day. Let me tell you how they affect me close to home." Read an overview of his remarks.

Author and historian Doris Kearns Goodwin delivered the keynote address at the 2013 NFPA Conference & Expo in Chicago. The topic of her speech was President Abraham Lincoln's decision to challenge his leadership by surrounding himself with polticial rivals. This was also the topic of her best-selling book "Team of Rivals."

Quiz screenshot
The “Fire Service Safety & Health Quiz” Sweepstakes that we are currently running in conjunction with International Fire/EMS Safety and Health Week (which will be June 16-22, 2013) is quickly coming to a close! The theme of the week, and of the contest, will be “Saving Our Own… An Inside Job.”

The International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC) and the National Volunteer Fire Council (NFVC) are co-sponsoring this sweepstakes with NFPA. Career firefighters, volunteer firefighters and other fire department employees and fire service members are invited to take the online, interactive quiz, featuring 15 questions related to firefighter health and safety.

“Raising awareness and education for firefighter health and safety is always a priority,” said Ken Willette, NFPA’s division manager of Public Fire Protection and a former fire chief. “This quiz is a quick and promising way to refresh fire service members’ knowledge and improve the safety of their teams.”

The quiz will be offered between May 20 and June 18 at One sweepstakes entry will be given for a completed quiz through the Snapapp widget, with an additional entry if the quiz taker shares their result on Twitter.

On June 19, the 125 randomly selected winners will be announced. These winners will each receive a specially designed challenge coin commemorating this year’s International Fire/EMS Safety and Health Week. Read more details, and the full contest rules

Waldo Canyon
A scene from a video on community wildfire preparedness, produced by the Fire Adapted Communities Coalition.

News reports continue to describe the devastation of the Black Forest Fire, now considered the most destructive wildfire in Colorado history. Not too far from the site of the incident is Waldo Canyon, where a fire last year (formerly the most destructive in the state's history) destroyed 345 homes and forced 30,000 residents to evacuate.

The latest issue of NFPA Journal highlights a new report, "Lessons From Waldo Canyon," developed by the Fire Adapted Communities Coalition (FAC) that underscores the effects of mitigation efforts in this area. The article also discusses how NFPA is spreading the mitigation message, both domestically and globally. (Hint: South Africa is learning from NFPA, and vice versa.)

Read all of the details in Journal, and check out the video highlighting FAC's fact-finding mission in Waldo Canyon:

ECC LogoEarlier this week, the Electrical Code Coalition (ECC) launched its new website.  As unified codes and standards improve electrical safety by providing consistent requirements across jurisdictions, the Coalition is committed to NFPA 70®, the National Electrical Code® (NEC®) adoption throughout the United States.

The website aims to assist in direct and full adoption, application and uniform enforcement of the latest edition of the NEC. It offers a free "Adoption Support Kit," as well as access to free read-only versions of the NEC and other National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) codes and standards . In addition, an interactive map tracks NEC adoption in all 50 states.

The current Electrical Code Coalition members are: Edison Electric Institute (EEI), the Electrical Safety Foundation International (ESFI), Independent Electrical Contractors (IEC), International Association of Electrical Inspectors (IAEI), International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW), National Armored Cable Manufacturers Association (NACMA), National Electrical Contractors Association (NECA), National Electrical Manufacturer's Association (NEMA), National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), and Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL).

Visit the website,, for more information.

Rita Fahy
A special presentation today at NFPA’s Conference & Expo looked the results of the new NFPA report on on-duty firefighter fatalities. The new report shows a total of 64 on-duty firefighter deaths in the United States in 2012, marking the second consecutive year that the total has been below 65 deaths. For the past four years, the annual total has been well below 100, dropping the annual average over the past 10 years to 88 deaths.

Read NFPA’s “Firefighter Fatalities in the United States 2012” report, by Dr. Fahy, Paul LeBlanc and Joseph Molis.

“NFPA has been tracking this data since 1977 and it is certainly good news that the number of firefighter deaths has continued to decrease over the years,” said Dr. Rita Fahy, NFPA’s manager of fire databases and systems. “We are grateful for the sacrifices of these brave individuals and are hopeful that with expanded use of codes and standards and other safety initiatives the downward trend in the number of firefighters dying on duty will continue.”

In today's presentation, Dr. Fahy defined "on-duty" as including situations where firefighters are at the scene of alarms, en route responding to or returning from alarms, during training, maintenance, public education, office assignments, station duty, inspection or investigation activities, and other assignments where the firefighter was on official fire department business.

She also defined “fatality” as any injury that was incurred while on duty and proves fatal, and any illness that was incurred as a result of actions while on duty and proves fatal.

Dr. Fahy said that in 2012, 33% of the recorded firefighter on-duty fatalities occurred on the fireground, 30% while responding to or returning from an alarm, and 13% during training.


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Thomas Lawson

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Tonya Hoover

During the 2013 NFPA Conference &amp; Expo, earlier this week in Chicago, Board of

Directors’ members were elected and re-elected. Among the current 23 members, *Philip

C. Stittleburg*&#0160;of La Farge, Wis., has been re-elected as board chair; *Ernest J.

Grant*&#0160;of Chapel Hill, N.C.,

has been re-elected to the board as first vice chair; Philip J. DiNenno&#0160;of Baltimore, Md., has been re-elected

as second vice chair; Randolph&#0160;W. Tucker&#0160;of The Woodlands, Texas, has been

re-elected as secretary; and H. Wayne Boyd, of Sacramento, Calif., has

been re-elected as treasurer.


New members elected

to the board include&#0160;*Tonya L.

Hoover, of Sacramento, Calif.; and&#0160;Thomas

A. Lawson*, of Johnston, R.I.


Hoover&#0160;was appointed State Fire Marshal

in 2011 after serving as Acting State Fire Marshal since 2009, having served as

the Assistant State Fire Marshal from 2007. She has been actively involved in

fire prevention, public education and risk mitigation for more than 20 years.

She is a recipient of the Northern California Fire Prevention Officers&#39; Charlie

Gray Award for Outstanding Service to NorCal Fire Prevention Officers and

received the 2011 Bringing Fire Safety Home Award from the Home Fire Sprinkler

Coalition and NFPA’s Fire Sprinkler Initiative’s.


Lawson&#0160;is executive vice president at

FM Global. In his role at FM Global, he is responsible for global insurance

operations. Elected to his current position in 2009, Lawson is a recognized

expert in industrial manufacturing risk. For more than 30 years, he has served

in a variety of managerial positions, including senior vice president,

engineering and research; vice president, operations manager – forest products;

field vice president and operations underwriting manager; regional engineering

manager; and operations manager.</p>


Recently, the 100th anniversary (May 13,

1913) that Frances Perkins gave her moving speech, &quot;The Social and Human

Cost of Fire&quot; at the NFPA Annual Meeting in New York City. This speech prompted the NFPA

Executive Committee to create the new “Committee on Safety to Life”.&#0160;

Their work of course led to what we now have as NFPA 101, +Life Safety Code+.&#0160;

Frances Perkins saw it with her own eyes. She was 30, a social worker living in New York City, and was visiting a friend for Saturday tea in Greenwich Village when the afternoon was split by the wail of sirens. She and her friends ran to the other side of Washington Square, and were among the throngs who witnessed the spectacle of the Triangle fire firsthand.

The fire, and the subsequent impassioned calls to action by labor reformers, had a profound impact on Perkins, and she vowed to take up the reform cause. She wasted little time; by the following year, she had become executive secretary of the Committee on Safety, a non-governmental body formed in the days following the Triangle fire to push for system-wide reforms for worker safety. It was as part of her extensive lobbying efforts that Perkins — who had also become an expert in the minutiae of building safety — addressed the 17th annual meeting of NFPA in May, 1913, in New York. Specifically, Perkins urged the organization to advocate for codes that protected not just buildings, but also the people who worked in them. NFPA created the Committee on Life Safety the following year, and in 1927 issued the Building Exits Code, the forerunner to today’s Life Safety Code®.

Perkins was named Secretary of Labor in 1933 by Franklin Roosevelt, becoming the first female Cabinet secretary in U.S. history.

Read excerpts from her speech &#0160;at the NFPA Annual Meeting.&#0160;


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Weather conditions all over Colorado resulted yesterday in a rash of fires in many areas of the state, at least four of them considered large fires, with the Black Forest Fire and Royal Gorge Fire destroying homes and damaging infrastructure in the past 24 hours.

In the case of Black Forest, a resort and retreat area known as La Foret was surrounded by fire forcing evacuation of owners and guests. My NFPA colleague Cathy Prudhomme and I were there on May 4 in support of a pilot Wildfire Preparednes Day of Service in Colorado. As I learned of the fire last evening, I wondered how many of the people I'd met and places I visited would be affected. I also reflected on the fact that so many people kept fire in mind and were willing to set aside a day or more of their time to voluntarily reduce the risk. 

We set aside a special day on May 4 to help Coloradans focus on wildfire preparedness. But it's true that any day, any time, is the time to prepare for wildfire when you live with the risk of this natural phenomenon. The time is now if you are preparing your summer cabin for the season. The time is now if you are completing your spring cleaning and landscape maintenance. The time is now even if you are anxiously awaiting word on status of evacuation. There are things you can do now that can help to save your property, your valuables and your life. The time is now to take action to make your home, family and community safe. 

Use mapper above to zoom to locations where there are Firewise Communities/USA sites and active fires. Data on fires supplied by MODIS interagency system, updated every 24 hours.

The recipients of the 2013 Harry C. Bigglestone Award for Excellence in Communication of Fire Protection Concepts are Kristopher Overholt and Ofodike (D.K.) Ezekoye for their paper, “Characterizing Heat Release Rates Using an Inverse Fire Modeling Technique.” Overholt is a graduate student in civil engineering at the University of Texas at Austin’s Cockrell School of Engineering; Ezekiel is professor in the mechanical engineering department of the same school.

This paper explores an innovative concept that could prove key to the future of fire protection. The winners have developed an algorithm that uses the temperature readings from sensors inside a compartment to find the heat release rate curve of the fire. This contribution directly leads to an enhanced understanding of real fires and opens the way to new forensic reconstructions. As a token of appreciation, Springer has made the paper Open Access.


The Harry C. Bigglestone award is presented annually, along with a $5,000 cash prize, to the author(s) of the most outstanding paper submitted to Fire Technology during the previous calendar year, as voted by the International Editorial Board. This award is named after the late Harry C. Bigglestone, a trustee of the Fire Protection Research Foundation, and fellow and president of the Society of Fire Protection Engineers. The award was presented at the General Section Reception at the NFPA Conference & Expo on Tuesday, June 12.

Looking_back_600x400It was billed as the largest, safest, most modern hotel west of New York City. But it wasn't.

Built in 1909, Chicago’s 22-story LaSalle Hotel had a walnut-paneled lobby with marble floors, several dining rooms, and a roof garden. A central elevator shaft provided access to 1,000 guest rooms.It also had combustible acoustic ceiling tiles, hollow pockets in the walls and ceilings, combustible rugs and furnishings, and an open light well that ran from the lobby to the roof. It had no sprinklers, fire alarm system, or firestops in the ventilation shafts.

The fire that put the lie to the hotel's claim of perfect fire safety started on June 6, 1946, and killed 61 people. Another 200 were injured. To read more about the deadliest hotel fire in Chicago's history, read "Chicago's LaSalle Hotel Fire" in the latest issue of NFPA Journal.


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Dr. Lou Gritzo of FM Global, Amanda Kimball of the Fire Protection Research Foundation, Brian Meacham of Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Daniel O'Connor with AON Fire Protection and Tracy Vecchiarelli with NFPA made up today's panel to discuss fire safety and sustainable building design. 

This subject was the topic of a recent Fire Protection Research Foundation symposium that brough together fire protection and architect communities to discuss thoughts and ideas on sustainability. The proceedings from this symposium are available online

Today's panelists summarized some of the issues and ideas brought up there. Green building has become a global focus, however fire safety considerations and potential fire hazards have not been systematically studied. A recent Research Foundation and WPI study looked at fire incidents in order to identify and develop a set of green elements that increased fire risk nd decreased safety, including new facade materials, new insulation and roofing materials, photovoltaic panels and more. 

Good fire protection is integral to sustainability, all panelists reinforced. A fire in a green building may increase emissions and the negative impact by a factor of 3. For this reason, current green certifications and codes/standards should begin to include fire safety considerations for green buildings and elements. Please download the presentation for more details, [The Intersection of Fire Safety and Sustainable Building Design |] (free, requires sign-in). 


Kathleen Almand and Casey Grant (right) of the Research Foundation congratulate Joseph Scheffey on his winning paper. Photo: Jeff Callen

Determination of Fire Hose Friction Loss Characteristics” is the paper that won the 2013 Fire Protection Research Foundation Medal at this year’s NFPA Conference & Expo in Chicago.

Co-authored by Joseph L. Scheffey, director of R&D at Hughes Associates, Inc., the paper addresses the problem of calculating friction loss in fire hoses, a common task for fire fighters responsible for operating fire apparatus pumps. Three unrelated fire service facilities participated in the experimental program and conducted field tests, and the collective effort required to conduct this study has allowed the project to address the topic far beyond the available funding resources.

The award recognizes a Fire Protection Research Foundation project that best exemplifies the Foundation’s fire safety mission and the collaborative approach to execution that is the hallmark of all Foundation projects. 

Emergency powerStandby electrical power systems kick in when commercial power systems are interrupted. As NFPA Journal columnist Jeffrey Sargent points out in the latest issue, the proper location of an emergency power supply  (EPS) is crucial, particularly during natural or manmade disasters.

Sargent points to requirements in NFPA 110, Emergency and Standby Power Systems, and NFPA 70®, National Electrical Code®, that address EPS placement indoors and outdoors. Routine maintenance and operational testing are equally important, says Sargent.

"These are the kinds of requirements that can help ensure that emergency power supply systems work whenever they are called upon," he says.

Read the rest in the May/June issue of Journal.


And so it begins. NFPA is hosting its 117th annual conference this week. I'm excited to be back here in Chicago, one of my favorite cities, for this year's Conference & Expo. There will be a small group of NFPA staffers here this week, covering this year's event on our Conference blog. We'll be offering brief write-ups of education sessions, special events, photos, and try our best to keep you up-to-date on what's happening here in Chicago. 

We'd love to hear from you, so please e-mail me at or feel free to comment on any of our posts (click on the "Comments" link under any post). 

Next week I, along with many other NFPA staff and thousands of attendees, will make our annual trip to NFPA's Conference and Expo.  On Wednesday, I will be presenting a session on changes to the 2013 edition of NFPA 80.  The 2013 edition is the current edition of the standard and was released last fall.  The official title of the presentation is "Inspection, Protect, and Collect:  Changes to NFPA 80, 2013 edition." and will be held from 11:00am-12:00pm in room S505ab.

NFPA 80 is a document critical to life safety of occupants and protection of property.  The 2013 edition of NFPA 80 contains many important changes and updates to the requirements for fire doors and other opening protectives.  These changes include a rewrite of the Chapter 5 provisions for the inspection, testing and maintenance of fire doors which inclues both technical and editorial updates, new language for swinging fire door hardware, and new language for sill as well through-wall sleeves for fusible link cables. I will these and other changes made to the standard as well as how and why these changes made it into the document. 

If you are a building owner, engineer, fire door manufacturer, fire door inspector, enforcer, building official, safety officer, or have a general interest in fire and life safety you will learn something from this presentation and I encourage you to attend.  If you are unable to attend, please swing by the NFPA booth in the Expo and we can chat more about your NFPA 80 questions. 

Safe travels and see you in Chicago!

09788 EV Taxi at Charging Station
On-going programs and related initiatives by the U.S. federal government are promoting the proliferation of the next generation of electric vehicles. This is accelerating the manufacturing and deployment of electric drive vehicles. An important consideration for the implementation of this new technology is the potential hazards that may result, and how the emergency response community will address and mitigate those hazards.

The goal of this project is to provide comprehensive awareness and emergency response training to fire fighters and other emergency responders to prepare them for widespread implementation of advanced electric drive vehicles, including battery electric, hybrid electric, and certain fuel-cell electric vehicles. The objectives of the project include enhancing general awareness training, emergency response tactical training, and establishment of a centralized resource for nationwide ongoing technology transfer. This project report (in 3 parts due to large file size) provides a compilation of information that documents the efforts taken to meet these objectives.

The Research Foundation, which provided advisory services for the project, expresses gratitude to the report author Andrew Klock of NFPA and his support team. Special thanks are expressed to the U.S. Department of Energy as the project sponsor.

We are providing several digital additions to Conference & Expo this year! These will allow for greater access to the conference for attendees, non-attendees and press, as well as an enhanced experience for those present.

Download the NFPA app
Simply scan this QR code with your smartphone.
The general session, including the keynote address by Doris Kearns Goodwin, will be broadcast live from the NFPA conference blog on Monday, June 10, at 1:00 pm (CST). Goodwin, author of “Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln,” the basis of Steven Spielberg’s “Lincoln,” will be sharing lessons in leadership and team-building in the midst of trying circumstances.

mobile conference app has been made available, complete with an onsite guide. The app offers a fully opt-in Friends feature, which allows attendees to view the complete list of other attendees and invite them to be a "Friend." Friends can send messages and view each other's schedule. Among other app components, the enhanced Maps feature offers directions on the expo floor, and the session schedule tool allows attendees to build their conference schedule based on the sessions and special meetings that they select. Download the NFPA 2013 C&E mobile app from any app store.

News and information from the conference will be available on a virtual press room at All NFPA conference news will be available at this site, as well as news from exhibitors. In addition, NFPA social media feeds for Twitter, Facebook and the blog rolls will be live through the press room, including images from the conference.

Buzzwords_240Why do we always have time to do it over, but never have time to do it right? According to Wayne Moore in his column "Right the First Time" in the latest issue of NFPA Journal, there is no need to waste your time or an inspector’s time by fixing mistakes in your alarm system programming or installation because you didn’t have time to do it right in the first place. Planning an installation all the way through to the acceptance tests and developing the minimum required documentation outlined in NFPA 72 will help you avoid lost time when you’re trying to finish an alarm system installation on time and on budget. For more on the subject, read Wayne's column online or turn to page 42 of the May/June issue of NFPA Journal.

Ever thought about working for NFPA? We have several current job openings in our Quincy, MA headquarters that we wanted to share. If you are interested in any of the positions, or know someone who might be, take a look for more information!

Electrical Code Engineer 

We have an opportunity for an electrical engineer who will independently manage technical projects of a complex nature related to area of expertise including technical committee, product development, and association activities.

Human Resources
Compensation/HR Analyst 

NFPA is looking for a Compensation/HR Analyst who has a strong background in data analysis, reporting, development of plans and programs that link to business objectives and drives performance and results. The ideal candidate must be accurate, organized, and detail oriented, with the ability to function in a fast paced environment.

Project Manager, Content Marketing 

We also have an opening for a Project Manager to manage content marketing efforts for NFPA’s product line, including managing the editorial calendar, production and curation of relevant content from internal and external sources, and delivery through various digital channels to target customers. This candidate will conceive and develop innovative marketing programs that drive demand, lead-generation, and sales. Attention to detail and an eye for quality, along with the ability to grasp and translate technical capabilities into benefits are crucial. In this role the candidate will be the expert in buyers, how they buy, and their buying criteria, and you will transfer that knowledge and the leads that are generated to the sales channel.

The Technical Committee on the Fundamentals of Combustible Dust has begun work on a new document, NFPA 652, Standard on Combustible Dust. Having submitted a preliminary draft to the standards council to enter into the NFPA Revision Process, the Committee just finished up their First Draft Meeting

Come visit my education session "Fundamentals of Combustible Dust - Where are they now?" at the NFPA Conference and Expo in Chicago this year to learn about the status of this new document and how it will affect the current dust documents. It will be taking place Tuesday, June 11 at 4:15 p.m. The session is open to all registered conference attendees.


PreschoolersFact: Children under the age of five have a 20 percent greater chance of dying in a home fire when compared to the general public.

Addressing this issue, NFPA hosted the Preschool Fire Safety Messaging Roundtable last year that gave educators the chance to discuss new research needs and teaching techniques catered to this population. NFPA Journal columnist April Briggs outlines some of the outcomes in her latest column. For instance, "Learn about firefighters as community helpers" and "know the sound of a smoke alarm" were some of the key messages roundtable attendees agreed should be taught to preschoolers.

The event also resulted in changes to safety messaging that has now been included in NFPA's revamped Learn Not to Burn® Preschool Program, created more than 20 years ago to reach children ages 4-5.

For a more complete listing of the roundtable's outcomes, read Briggs' column in Journal.


The Standards Forum is held each June during the NFPA Conference &amp; Expo , allowing Technical Committee members and others to exchange views with the NFPA staff and&#0160;Standards Council. This year&#39;s forum will be&#0160;held at 1:30 on&#0160;Tuesday, June 11,&#0160;at the McCormick Place Convention Center in&#0160;Chicago.&#0160;The event is open to all registered Conference attendees.



NFPA&#39;s Amy Cronin explains why the Standards Forum is a must for anyone looking for insights into the new streamlined codes and standards development process.


Related: Rest in peace, ROPs and ROCs—NFPA’s new standards-development process is simpler, faster, and easier to use than ever. From the May/June issue of NFPA Journal.

!|src=|alt=|style=margin: 0px; width: 80px; display: block; max-width: 100%; border: 0px; padding: 0px;!Watch a live broadcast of the NFPA General Session featuring Doris Kearns Goodwin

!|src=|alt=|style=margin: 0px; width: 80px; display: block; max-width: 100%; border: 0px; padding: 0px;!Ask the Experts

!|src=|alt=|style=margin: 0px; width: 80px; display: block; max-width: 100%; border: 0px; padding: 0px;!Live Demonstrations to inform your decision making

!|src=|alt=|style=margin: 0px; width: 80px; display: block; max-width: 100%; border: 0px; padding: 0px;!150 Conference Sessions in a handy PDF



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This is the fifth in a series of posts about the 40th

anniversary of +America Burning++ and the related article, +“+Work in Progress” in this month’s +NFPA Journal+. +The members of the National Commission on Fire Prevention and Control came from the fire service, federal government, code and standards development organizations (including NFPA’s Percy Bugbee), insurers, and more.


The deliberately diverse perspectives and the hard work involved in gathering and consolidating the information and turning it into recommendations that the Commissioners could support bear some resemblance to NFPA’s codes and standards process. Just as NFPA’s technical committees have staff liaisons that provide vital assistance, the Commission had professional staff members. Ed Budnick, winner of NFPA’s 2012 Standards Medal and now retired from Hughes Associates, Inc., was a young fire protection engineer, detailed from the General Services Administration to work with a subcommittee on the built environment. One point stayed with him throughout his career. “The fire protection community is a very diverse community and all the elements of it need to be considered if you are going to make any real progress in any area.” Watch the video to learn more about Ed’s experience with the Commission.


Structural_ops_240Obviously, it's better to have more firefighters than you need at a fire than fewer, but how many are enough? Recently, NFPA Journal columnists Ben Klaene and Russ Sanders were part of a group the National Instutute of Standards and Technology brought together to evaluate crew size, alarm size, and vertical response mode in residential and high-rise structures, a major part of which involved determining how many firefighters were needed to safely carry out these tasks to reduce property loss and minimize injury and death to both firefighters and civilians. In their column "Resource Puzzle" in the latest issue of NFPA Journal, they discuss the study, which will be released next month. 


Noted historian Doris Kearns Goodwin will be a keynote speaker Monday at the National Fire Protection Association Conference & Expo at McCormick Place. Goodwin wrote the bestselling “Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln,” the basis of Steven Spielberg’s “Lincoln” that won Daniel Day-Lewis his third best actor Oscar earlier this year. Goodwin’s connection to the fire prevention pros? She will be sharing lessons in leadership and team-building in the midst of trying circumstances and overcoming obstacles on the path toward goals.

Be sure to come back and visit our blog on Monday, June 10, at 1:00 pm (CST) to watch a live broadcast of the NFPA General Session, including the keynote address by Doris Kearns Goodwin. Learn more.

The following proposed Tentative Interim Amendments (TIAs) for NFPA 22 and NFPA 1403 are being published for public review and comment:

Anyone may submit a comment on these proposed TIAs by the July 19, 2013 closing date. Along with your comment, please identify the number of the TIA and forward to the Secretary, Standards Council by the closing date.

Sparky FacebookEach week, we have fun with fire safety trivia on Sparky the Fire Dog's Facebook page. We ask a trivia question early in the morning, take guesses all day long, and then post the correct answer by the end of the day - every Tuesday. 

Here's how you can participate! Head over to Sparky's Facebook page and leave your guess to the following trivia question. Then be sure to check back later today to find out if you were right! (Hint: all of the correct answers can be found on our website as well!) Have fun and good luck!


What's the leading cause of home washer and dryer fires?

Heads_up_240According to Matt Klaus in his column "Shakin' All Over" in the latest issue of NFPA Journal, the NFPA 13 requirements addressing earthquake protection of automatic sprinkler systems may be the hardest to understand, largely because they deal more with structural engineering issues than hydraulics, the topic of most of the requirements in NFPA 13. These requirements are designed to limit the impact of the differential movement quakes cause so that the sprinkler system can function as intended. For more in this subject, read Matt's column online or on page 36 of the May/June issue of NFPA Journal.

WildfiresThe Earth's changing climate (2012 was the warmest year on record in the contigous U.S.) is having a dangerous impact on wildfires; according to the National Research Council, for every degree Celsius (1.8 degrees Fahrenheit) of temperature increase, the size of the area burned in the western U.S. could quadruple.

As more acres burn, more communities may experience wildfire threats. Addressing this concern, NFPA has been working with land-use planners and others with a stake in development to address these risks. NFPA Journal columnist Molly Mowery highlights these endeavors in the latest issue, including a recent NFPA report that lists best practices addressing wildfire risk at the community, neighborhood/subdivision, individual property, and structural levels.

"These and other NFPA resources...provide needed guidance on how to address development in a way that better prepares us for climate change and wildfire risk," says Mowery in the May/June edition of Journal.

Check out these wildfire resources at NFPA's Firewise website. (Click on the "designers/developers" box.)


NFPA Firewise advisor Faith Berry was in California over the weekend and reports on her up-close experience with the Powerhouse fire.

As I left Southern California for Trinity County in Northern California to teach a workshop about Firewise principles, I saw a large plume of smoke. As reported by the, 3,600 acres have already burned in the Powerhouse Fire as of Saturday north of Los Angeles in the Santa Clarita area and in the Angeles National Forest. Two hundred and twenty five homes were evacuated and major power transmission lines were threatened. There has been one structure destroyed and at least one injury reported. Another California fire, the White Fire, burned 2,000 acres and is believed to have been started by a legal campfire in the Los Padres National Forest. 

FWToolkit"The White Fire could have been avoided if this person or persons paid closer attention to their cooking fire," said Santa Barbara District Ranger Pancho Smith.  In the Santa Fe, New Mexico area a fire has burned 2,500 acres in the Santa Fe National Forest. A total of 134 homes have been evacuated. Faith's entire post on NFPA's Fire Break blog.

NFPA also reminds you that there are many simple things that homeowners can do to prepare for wildfire. Download our free Firewise toolkit for homeowners.

This photo, which appears on, shows a  firefighting helicopter carrying a large water bucket behind a home that has been destroyed, one of at least five structures destroyed or severely damaged in what has been called the Powerhouse fire in Lake Hughes, Calif., early Sunday, June 2, 2013. (Credit: AP/Reed Saxon)

A fast-moving blaze in Southern California, dubbed The Powerhouse Fire, has grown to some 25,000 acres and forced the evacuation of thousands of residents, according to news reports. is reporting that the fire has already destroyed six homes and threatens as many as 1,000 more. quotes LA County Sheriff’s Lt. David Coleman as saying that about 2,000 people and 500 homes were under evacuation orders in the community of Lake Elizabeth, and about 800 people from 200 homes were affected in Lake Hughes.

CNN is also reporting that a fire north of Pecos, New Mexico, has scored more than 7,400 acres and forced the evacuation of about 100 summer homes.

A Request for Proposals has been issued for the Separation Distances in NFPA Codes and Standards research project.  Proposals should be submitted to Kathleen Almand by June 14, 2013 , 5 pm EDT.

The goal of the project is to provide guidance to NFPA technical committees on methodologies to develop technically based separation/clearance distances for hazardous storage/processes. The focus of this study will be those storage and processes within the scope of NFPA 400 – Hazardous Materials Code.

Fore more information on the project or how to submit your proposal, please reveiw the project details on the website.

On average, one of every 12 hotels or motels reported a structure fire each year. Know how to prepare yourself in a hotel/motel emergency. Watch NFPA's new video, which features tips on preparations before your trip and once you’ve arrived, and how to respond if the alarm sounds.


Download our hotel and motel safety tip sheet or see all of our safety tip sheets .</p>

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