On Sunday October 25, 1987, at approximately 8:45 a.m., three fire fighters were killed and three others injured during a multi-department, live fire training exercise involving a vacant, two-story, wood frame farmhouse in Milford, Michigan.
The following factors are considered as having significantly contributed to the fire fighter fatalities:
• The use of flammable and combustible liquids in a live fire training
• The presence of combustible wall paneling and ceiling tiles within the
• Lack of adequate planning and of communication of the training exercise
objectives to all individuals;
• Lack of adequate assessment of the hazards of the training exercise and the
hazards presented by the structure in such an exercise;
• Lack of adequate training (fire) ground command structure to ensure safe
and coordinated procedures.