Paula Levesque

Today in fire history: a nursing home fire kills three and injures 18 others

Blog Post created by Paula Levesque Employee on Mar 21, 2015

MemphisTN report

A multiple-death fire occurred on March 21, 1988 at the Oakville Heath Care Center, a nursing home 

located at 3391 Old Getwell Road in Memphis, Tennessee.  The patient involved in the ignition of the fire and two other patients in the room of origin were killed, and 18 others were injured.

The two-story, fire-resistive  building in which the incident occurred contained 27 sleeping rooms housing 73 non-ambulatory patients and 1 patient who was reported as being ambulatory.  The building had no automatic sprinkler system or automatic fire detection system, except a smoke detector used in conjunction with a pair of corridor smoke doors.  the building did have a manually activated fire alarm system which automatically transmitted alarms to the fire department.

The fire originated in a first floor room occupied by three patients.  Considerable smoke and toxic gases spread throughout the building; however, the fire was held to the room of origin as a result of staff efforts at extinguishment.  All patients, except for the three in the room of origin, were evacuated.

The significant factors contributing to the multiple deaths in this fire were:

    •     The rapid growth and development of a fire that resulted from the ignition

             of patient room furnishings and contents;

   •     The lack of suppression of the fire in the incipient stage by automatic

             sprinklers;

     •     The lack of automatic early detection and warning of the fire that could have

            resulted in earlier staff actions.  

NFPA members can download the full investigation report Nursing home, Memphis, TN Those interested in more information about nursing home fires can download Fires in Health Care Facilities  

Outcomes