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On Tuesday, July 31, 1979, at 3:26 a.m., a fire was reported at the Holiday Inn, Southgate Parkway, Cambridge, Ohio.  Ten people died from smoke inhalation and 82 were injured, several of them seriously.  All fatalities were occupants of second floor guest rooms. 

The two-story building was of protected noncombustible construction.  The area of origin was within a first floor corridor towards one end of the guest room wings.  The interior wall finish in the corridors and three open stairways of the building consisted of combustible vinyl wall covering.  The building was equipped with a manual fire alarm system; however, there were no other initiating devices.  The alarm system was not connected to the fire department.

The primary factors that led to the casualties in this incident were the high smoke production of the combustible interior finish, the unprotected vertical openings at the stairways, the lack of early warning detection and the inadequate alerting of occupants of the fire.  Many guests were seriously injured while escaping through nonoperable plate glass windows.  Solid doors on the guest rooms provided compartmentation and helped to limit the number of casualties.
NFPA members can download this January 1980 Fire Journal article.  For statistical information NFPA's U.S. Hotel and Motel Structure Fires

Costa Rica


NFPA’s President, Jim Pauley, visited the Latin American region for the first time this week, to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the Costa Rica Fire Department. A big congratulations goes out from all of us at NFPA for reaching this milestone!

During the celebrations, Jim was able to meet Costa Rica's President, Luis Guillermo Solis as well as representatives from the fire service in other Latin American countries. Costa Rica has adopted all over NFPA's codes & standards, and has always been a big supporter of NFPA's work, so Jim wanted to be sure to attend and thank everyone for their hard word and dedication to safety.  

Visit our Facebook page for more photos!






!|src=|alt=August2Warehouse|style=width: 450px;|title=August2Warehouse!

On August 2, 2000 a fire was discovered in a multi-tenanted warehouse in Phoenix, AZ at approximately 4:58 p.m. By the time the fire was extinguished the next day, it had completely destroyed the 85,000 sq ft warehouse. The damage to property and the commodities stored inside from the fire has been estimated at over $100 million.

Two tenants occupied the warehouse: a home and garden supply company and a pharmaceuticals distribution operation. The fire began in the home and garden supply portion of the building.

A first alarm structural response was assigned to the vicinity of 38th Place and Broadway as reports of the fire continued to pour into the 911 center. The Tempe Battalion Chief arrived shortly before the first Phoenix Fire Department units at 5:01 p.m. and reported a working fire in a warehouse building. The Tempe Battalion Chief established command and set up a temporary command post on 38th Place opposite the east side of the building. Phoenix Engine 23 was the next to arrive at 5:02 p.m. E23 established a water supply and proceeded to a position at the southeast corner of the building and began to apply water on the fire with the deluge gun on the engine. Engine 272 arrived at 5:05 p.m. and then supplied the automatic sprinkler system within the building through the fire department connection on 38th Place. E23 was confronted with a rapidly spreading fire within the building and numerous exposure fires comprised of stored materials outside the southeast corner of the building. At 5:07 p.m., Engine, Rescue and Ladder 22 arrived on the west side of the building and at 5:11 pm. reported that a portion of the west tilt-panel concrete wall was leaning outward and a collapse hazard existed. By 5:17 p.m. most of the south wall had collapsed. Fire had now begun to spread throughout the home and garden portion of the warehouse. A solid concrete wall separated the two sections of the building. However, as large section of the outer concrete panel walls began to collapse, the integrity of the wall between the two sections of the building became a concern.

Four alarms and numerous special requests for apparatus were dispatched to the scene throughout the next several hours and into the next day. By morning, on August 3, the entire building and all contents were destroyed. The fire department maintained a fire watch for several days extinguishing hot spots and monitoring the hazardous contents. Five fire fighters (including the crew from E23) were treated for smoke inhalation and heat exhaustion. Several police officers that were handling site access and traffic control were also treated for breathing related problems. At the height of the fire over 80 civilians from the surrounding neighborhoods were evacuated from their homes. All were allowed to return the next day.

Investigation into the cause of the fire continues as of this report. For their initial entry into the building, fire investigators had to don protective hazardous materials suits and were limited to only several minutes in the rubble due to the presence of hazardous materials and air temperatures above 100°F. Based on this investigation and analysis of other incidents involving oxidizers, the NFPA has determined that the following significant factors may contribute to large losses in similar facilities:

 - Lack of segregation between incompatible materials

(i.e., oxidizers and hydrocarbon-based materials and other materials)

- Lack of proper storage configuration for oxidizers

- Inadequate sprinkler protection for commodities stored in the warehouse.


To see the full NFPA Fire Investigation report. For information on NFPA's Structure Fires in U.S. Warehouses  Research information on oxidizers can be found on the  [NFPA Fire Protection Research |]









!|src=|alt=SeasideParkJuly30|style=width: 363px;|title=SeasideParkJuly30|height=387! Shortly after 7:00 p.m. on
July 30, 1985, a fire erupted from beneath a steam table located inside the main dining room of the Bayview Restaurant in Seaside Park, New Jersey.  At the time the fire broke out, between 75 and 80 patrons were in the room of fire origin, and all of them, including employees, and two occupants of the second floor narrowly escaped.  Upon fire department arrival, flames were coming out of the window openings, and an adjacent two-story residential unit was beginning to burn.  Fire fighters successfully provided exposure protection and extinguished fires in the adjacent residence.  A large part of the restaurant, however, received heavy fire damage before final extinguishment.

The Ocean County Fire Marshal has determined that the fire was caused when a flexible metal hose, connecting a 20-pound LP-Gas cylinder to a steam table, failed allowing LP-Gas to escape.  Ignition quickly followed, producing intense flame which spread rapidly to adjacent combustible interior finish within the dining room.

NFPA 58, Standard for the Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases, with minor exceptions, prohibits the use of LP-Gas cylinder inside buildings.  This incident clearly demonstrates the extreme hazard that improper use of LP-Gas can pose to life and property, and the importance of complying with the provisions of NFPA 58.   


NFPA members can download the report






We are now accepting proposals for educational presentations at the 2016 NFPA Conference & Expo. We invite you to share your knowledge with your peers as a presenter in Las Vegas, Nevada, June 13-16, 2016. Please complete this application by* Monday, September 14, 2015* at 5:00 pm EDT. 

Topics may include: Electrical, Fire Protection Engineering, Fire and Emergency Services, Emergency Preparedness/Business Continuity, Building and Life Safety, Health Care, Loss Control/Prevention, Detection and Notification, Fire Suppression, Codes and Standards, Public Education and Wildland Fire.

NFPA will review all presentation proposals. Selections will be made based on quality, relevance, focus, practical application, and on the presenter’s experience and credentials. Submissions emphasizing a specific product or manufacturer will not be considered.

Just a few of the benefits of presenting at NFPA Conference & Expo:

    • Share your knowledge and expertise

    • Increase your exposure and visibility in your industry

    • Add to your resume and your list of achievements

    • Meet valuable contacts and resources for your professional network

    • Receive a complimentary registration to NFPA Conference & Expo


If your proposal is accepted, you will be required to submit a handout by May 1, 2016. Continuing education credits (CEUs) will be awarded for all education sessions. Submit your proposal now.

For assistance or questions regarding:

Content of your proposed presentation, please contact Stacey Moriarty

The call for presentations process, please contact Andrea White</li> </ul>

NFPA has issued the following errata on NFPA 408, Standard for Aircraft Hand Portable Fire Extinguishers, and NFPA 409, Standard on Aircraft Hangars:

  • NFPA 408, Errata 408-10-1, referencing 1.2.3 of the 2010 edition, issued: July 14, 2015
  • NFPA 409, Errata 409-16-1, referencing 7.5.3 of the 2016 edition, issued: July 14, 2015

An errata is a correction issued to an NFPA Standard, published in NFPA News, Codes Online, and included in any further distribution of the document.


!|src=|alt=Fire Sprinkler Initiative|style=margin: 0px 0px 5px 5px;|title=Fire Sprinkler Initiative|class=asset asset-image at-xid-6a00d8351b9f3453ef01b8d13f36b8970c img-responsive!The home fire took so much from Lionel Crowther. It killed his captain and burned 70 percent of his body. But what seemed to impact the firefighter most was the long-lasting effects the fire had on Crowther&#39;s wife and two children.


Crowther&#39;s impactful story is featured in the latest issue of NFPA&#39;s Fire Sprinkler Initiative newsletter. Also in this issue are stories on:

    • a fire chief who broke NFPA blog records and will be offering regular commentary for the Fire Sprinkler Initiative

    • a resident now living in a sprinklered home who opens up about losing three family members in a home fire

    • legislation that would require homebuilders to produce sprinkler installation costs 


Subscribe to the free newsletter today in order to stay up to date on home fire sprinkler news from your state, region, and across North America.

!|src=|alt=|style=padding: 0; margin: 0; border: 0; display: block; width: 80px; max-width: 100%;!Two families say hello to their sprinklered homes, courtesy of Habitat of Humanity
!|src=|alt=|style=padding: 0; margin: 0; border: 0; display: block; width: 80px; max-width: 100%;!Test your knowledge on home fire sprinklers by taking NFPA's new quiz

As homes and buildings are increasingly powered by renewable sources of energy, Boston’s FOX25 news station aired a story on the growing use of rooftop solar panels and the risks they can present to firefighters when fighting a fire. Ken Willette, NFPA division manager of public fire protection, was interviewed for the segment and reinforced those potential hazards. He noted that more widespread training is needed to better protect firefighters in fire incidents where solar panels are present.


For more information on solar energy and firefighter safety, take a look at the Fire Protection Research Foundation’s report, “Fire Fighter Safety and Emergency Response for Solar Power Systems”, which was originally published in May 2010 and revised in October 2013.


!|border=0|src=|alt=Dayleen and Andrew|title=Dayleen and Andrew|class=asset asset-image at-xid-6a00d8351b9f3453ef01b8d13ecf98970c image-full img-responsive!
Dayleen Marrero heard sirens as she answered an afternoon phone call from her soon-to-be husband, Andrew Taylor. The couple was set to marry that evening.

Standing next to the couple's pit bull mix, Taylor was outside their home grasping his tuxedo, the only thing he was able to take with him after escaping a fire inside their home. Prepping for her big day at a nearby hotel, Marrero was stunned by the news.


As reported by +The Chicago Tribune,+ two groomsmen also living in the same building lost their dog and cat in the fire. Silks and costumes used by Marrero, an aerial acrobat, also perished, as did Taylor&#39;s paintings and instruments. The more sentimental itemsjournals and photoswere destroyed.&#0160;


For more on this story, visit NFPA's Fire Sprinkler Initiative blog.


!|src=|alt=|style=padding: 0; margin: 0; border: 0; display: block; width: 80px; max-width: 100%;!Two families say hello to their sprinklered homes, courtesy of Habitat of Humanity

Evacuation and alarms and notifications can be challenging in assembly occupancies, and there are a number of provisions in NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code, for signaling and communicating with people during an emergency evacuation.

Wayne D. Moore, vice president at Jensen Hughes, sheds some light on this topic in his new column, “Interface Challenge” in the new July/August issue of NFPA Journal.

"Because assembly occupancies present a number of fire and emergency messaging challenges, the designer must ensure that the required fire alarm systems and public address systems interface properly,” Moore writes. “The designer also must present a clear design narrative, so that the authority having jurisdiction may fully understand the interfaced operation prior to approving it. Meeting these challenges requires a strong background in the codes as well as a thorough knowledge of sound and communications principles.”




Receive the print edition of NFPA Journal and browse online member-only archives as part of your NFPA membership. Learn more about the many benefits and join today.

Ernest Grant ANA
The American Nurses Association held their Membership Assembly this past week, during which nurse leaders took action on key issues centering on fostering an ethical environment, infection prevention and control, and advancing and public reporting of quality measures that capture nursing care. They also elected three members to the ANA Board of Directors and four to an ANA committee, and voted on bylaws focused on association governance.

NFPA's Chairman of the Board, Ernest James Grant, PhD, MSN, RN, FAAN, from the North Carolina Nurses Association, was elected to the ANA Board of Directors as vice president. 

In other action, assembly members voted to approve three practice and health care resolutions. One, in part, recommends that ANA promote knowledge and application of the Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements in a systematic and comprehensive way within nursing education programs and professional development. Another resolution focuses on ANA working to identify and disseminate innovative strategies to engage nurses in broad infection protection and disaster preparedness activities, among other efforts. The third resolution includes asking ANA to advance quality measures and data policy to include measures that capture nursing care in national public reporting efforts.

In an additional activity, more than 320 nurse leaders in attendance, including observers, participated in a strategic discussion on engaging members and developing leaders locally in the digital age. 

Read more about the Assembly and the actions taken last week






!|src=|alt=July 26|style=width: 404px;|title=July 26|height=412! On July 26, 1980, a later-evening fire in a licensed hotel in the resort town of Bradley Beach, New Jersey, was responsible for the deaths of 24 of the 38 residents of the facility.&#0160; Most of the residents were elderly and mentally impaired, and many of them had be referred to the hotel by state mental health care institutions of by the county welfare department.

The fire, most probably of electrical origin started in a concealed space above the ceiling of a basement recreation room and spread to upper floors by means of an open door from the basement and a three-story stairway.

Factors that contributed to the fatalities were;

  •     a delayed alarm caused by fire ignition in a concealed space,

  •     the lack of an early-warning fire detection system,

  •     lack of a second means of egress from upper floors,

  •     presence of louvers on guest rooms doors, and

  •     a basement door that was left open.   


!|src=|alt=July 26 2|style=width: 450px;|title=July 26 2! For more information on this NFPA Fire Investigations.&#0160; To learn more about electrical fires&#0160;NFPA Fire Analysis and Research statistical report on Electrical Fires. &#0160; &#0160; &#0160; &#0160; &#0160;</p>



Outreach blog
Last May near Syracuse, New York, a two-year old girl died in a home fire while her mother was outside watching her four-year old son play with neighborhood kids.

“If I was standing right in front of my house when a fire broke out, I would have thought I could get my child out safely. But that was before I came to work at NFPA,” writes Lorraine Carli, vice president of Outreach and Advocacy for NFPA, in her recent column in the July/August issue of NFPA Journal.

The fire spread rapidly because, although the home was built in 2013, four years after every model code in the country included requirements that all new one- and two-family homes be built with fire sprinklers, this house did not have sprinklers.

The tragedy happened about a week before NFPA hosted approximately 80 people from across the country at the Fire Sprinkler InitiativeBringing Safety Home Summit.

“It was a somber reminder of why we were all in the room,” Carli writes.

Read more about what was discussed at the recent sprinkler summit, see a video of a speech from a developer who included sprinklers in a new 140-home development in South Carolina, and read Carli’s column at and in the new NFPA Journal. 

Fire Break JultThe July issue of Fire Break, NFPA’s Wildland Fire Operations Division newsletter, is now available for viewing. Here’s what you’ll find in this month’s issue:

  • Information about USAA’s discount on a homeowner’s insurance premium for its members who live in Firewise communities 
  • A recap of the 2014 Firewise Communities/USA program and activities
  • Information on how to protect your home from wildfire by focusing on the vents   
  • A collection of stories that highlight team pride and collaboration on Prep Day back in May 

...and much more. We want to continue to share all of this great information with you, so don’t miss an issue! So subscribe today. It’s free! Just click here to add your e-mail address to our newsletter list.




!|src=|alt=July 23|style=width: 427px;|title=July 23|height=317!

On July 23, 1971, in New Orleans, Louisiana, six people died when fire erupted in a twelfth-story room of the high-rise hotel building.  Five victims were trying to escape from the motor hotel by using an elevator from the fifteenth floor.  When the elevator reached the twelfth floor it stopped and the doors opened.  Five of the six passengers died from heat and smoke ion the twelfth-story corridor.  The sixth victim was a guard who also died in the twelfth-story corridor.


!|src=|alt=July 23 2|style=width: 382px; float: right;|title=July 23 2|class=asset asset-image at-xid-6a01b7c77d0f0a970b01bb0853a49b970d img-responsive!


To read more about the Modern Motor Hotel Fire&#0160;download this NFPA Fire Journal article&#0160;For NFPA Fire Analysis and Research statistical report&#0160;US Hotel and Motel Structure Fires.</p>




!|border=0|src=|alt=Habitat for Humanity families|title=Habitat for Humanity families|class=asset asset-image at-xid-6a00d8351b9f3453ef01b8d13bdf98970c image-full img-responsive!
In June, two ecstatic families were given the keys to their new homes in Hanover, Massachusetts. Local safety officials also joined in the cheering, since both homes are fully protected with sprinklers.


Getting a peek at their new abodes were the Patry and Plahn families, who joined town officials in a home dedication ceremony last month. Members of the Massachusetts Fire Sprinkler Coalition were on hand to congratulate the families and underscore how well-protected they will be thanks to the homes&#39; fire sprinklers. The coalition collaborated with NFPA, the South Shore Habitat for Humanity, and the National Fire Sprinkler Association (NFSA) to fully sprinkler the three-bedroom, one-and-a-half bath homes. NFPA's staff even contributed some elbow grease to the project.&#0160;


View photos and video of this project by visiting NFPA's Fire Sprinkler Initiative blog.&#0160;

!|src=|alt=|style=padding: 0; margin: 0; border: 0; display: block; width: 80px; max-width: 100%;!In their push for a building code with sprinkler requirements, advocates produce fiery demonstration

!|src=|alt=|style=padding: 0; margin: 0; border: 0; display: block; width: 80px; max-width: 100%;!Illinois fire and building officials enlightened on home fire sprinklers during kickoff event at NFPA Conference and Expo

!|src=|alt=|style=padding: 0; margin: 0; border: 0; display: block; width: 80px; max-width: 100%;!Test your knowledge on home fire sprinklers by taking NFPA's new quiz


While the exact cause of the fire is not known, we do know the 1914 Salem Fire started in an unsprinklered factory in an area known as "Blubber Hollow", near Gallows Hill shortly after 1:30 p.m. on June 25, 1914.  At that time, one half of available firemen in Salem were at dinner, leaving just 9 men to respond to the scene.  Engine 4 was the first to arrive and connected to a hydrant close to the point of origin of the fire, but heat from the fire quickly caused the responders to retreat.  Engine 3 arrived shortly after and connected to a different hydrant, only to learn it was defective, and they too, were forced to retreat from extinguishing efforts.  The fire began to gain headway and continued to spread.  By 1:55 p.m. calls for out of town help were sounded and the fire quickly reached conflagration proportions.  Over the next 13 hours, the fire "swept across the city, widening as it progressed and extending to include the factories in the opposite side of the city on the harbor front, stopping in its course not because of any human exertion, though the fire department fought most heroically against impossible odds, but simply when there was nothing more to burn in that direction.  The burnt district was approximately half a mile at the widest part and a little over a mile long.   The business portions of the city were untouched and none of the historic mansions so typical of Salem were even threated, the fire destroying, however, a number of very delightful houses, wiping out a densely built up district of tenements and low cost houses, and leaving nothing of the vast Naumkeag cotton mills.  Most of the structures were of wood, and after the fire practically nothing was left in the path of the conflagration except a multitude of precarious chimneys, the blackened towers of one church, the tottering walls of the Naumkeag mills and two buildings which only withstood successfully the conflagration, the Salem Electric Light building and a one-story mill store house."  (Report of the Advisory Architect to the Salem Rebuilding Commission, July 1 1917)   The fire was under control by 3:00 a.m. on the morning of June 26th, leaving more than  1792 buildings burned and more than 250 acres in ruin - approximately 1/3 of the city.  


The Salem Rebuilding Commission was created on July 8, 1914 and two days later had already hired Mr. C.H Blackall as Advisory Architect.  At the time of the fire, Salem had adopted only a fragmentary building code, but a draft of a new code was nearly complete.  On July 16th, a preliminary code was adopted.  Over the next weeks, revisions were adopted and on August, 20, 1914 a full building code for the burnt area was in place. 

One year after the fire - one hundred years ago this month - permits for 556 structures had been granted, including buildings to provide housing for more than 1200 families.   The Report of the Salem Rebuilding Commission later noted "[n]ot only is the new construction reasonably safe, but the fire department has been enlarged and improved, a new source of water supply has been provided, new engines have been placed at the pumping station, new equipment added to the fire department, a high pressure reservoir built and eighteen miles of iron water-pipe substituted for cement-lined ". 

The July 1915 issue of NFPA Quarterly included an update on Salem and provided an image of the 2-family brick cottages, illustrating one example of the modern structures being built in Salem.  Floor plans show the building provided 5 rooms and a bath for each family.    That same year the Fire Prevention Committee in Salem worked to raise awareness of fire dangers.  The "Member Activities" section of the October 1915 issue of the NFPA Quarterly includes a photograph of the Salem Fire Prevention Float  which depicts shingle roofs,  sloppy trash removal and careless discard of smoking materials as fire hazards.   "The man sitting on the stairs is smoking a cigarette.  By his foot is a wooden keg. There was an arrangement in this with a spark plug operated by a push button on the steps.  From time to time the smoker would apparently throw his cigarette into the tub, but really a little black powder, (pressing the button at the same time) so that it sent up a flare, to his apparent astonishment." 


By July 1917,  828 buildings, about 65% of the burnt area, had been rebuilt, providing housing for more than 1800 families.  The Advisory Architect noted in his report "There is a noticeable absence of overcrowding, or of jerry building, and there is practically none of the kind of work which before the fire was almost the rule beyond Lafayette Street, and while exact comparative statistics have not been obtained, there is hardly a doubt that the 828 buildings are collectively worth more than the 1972 which were destroyed".

The Charles S. Morgan Library supports the research activities and maintains the archive of NFPA.   We have several pamphlets relating to the 1914 Salem Fire including The Salem Conflagration by Franklin H. Wentworth and The Report of the Salem Rebuilding Commission.  Learn more about the Library and Archives, our resources, and services.


Tom Moses surveys the construction of Disney World’s Magic Kingdom, including Cinderella Castle, circa 1969. (P
hoto: Reedy Creek Improvement District)


by Robert Solomon, NFPA Division Manager for Building Fire Protection


There is a little bit of sadness at the Happiest Place on Earth today. We learned yesterday that Tom Moses passed away in his Florida home on the morning of July 21. For almost 50 years, Mr. Moses served with the Reedy Creek Improvement District (RCID) in Florida. At the time of his death, he was on the Board of Supervisors for RCID and he was the City Manager for the City of Bay Lake.


RCID oversees the 38.5 square miles that is home to Walt Disney World. The District provides myriad services to The World ranging from plan review, design evaluation, inspection, fire and EMS support, and other services typical of any jurisdiction.


Mr. Moses came to RCID in 1969 as construction on the Magic Kingdom was getting underway. My favorite story from Mr. Moses was that he wasn’t quite sure what was in mind for the massive plots of land in central Florida that Disney had purchased. He was a healthy skeptic - and it took the convincing of none other than Roy Disney (Walt Disney’s older brother) to convince Tom to come on board and have a say in what was about to transpire. Not only did he have a voice in these discussions, he helped set the policy, culture and tone that is still a hallmark and sets a high bar for safety at WDW.


In his role with the District in those early days, Mr. Moses oversaw innovations that are a bit more main stream today. Among those ideals were the absolute importance of putting automatic sprinkler systems into every building - no matter the size. He was overseeing performance based design before we had a name for it. He was managing cutting edge modular design and construction techniques that were used at the Contemporary Resort. In short, he embraced the innovative spirit that Disney had in 1969 with a focus on safety- something that continues in 2015.&#0160;


In whatever spare time he had, Mr. Moses generously served the building community at large, being an active participant in the model code organizations and serving in several different roles for NFPA. He was on the NFPA Board of Directors from 1990 until 1997;  served on the Board of Trustees for the Fire Protection Research Foundation from 1990 to 2003; and was a member of the Correlating Committee for the NFPA Building Code from 2000 to 2015.


He was awarded the Research Foundation Medal for extraordinary contribution in 2000. He was always willing to share his ideas, discuss solutions that worked on Disney projects and provided very insightful talks about the challenges faced during the construction and ultimately the operation of the many different types of occupancies, building uses and functions that encompass RCID.


In one his first appearances at an NFPA meeting, Mr. Moses attended the NFPA Fall Conference in Cleveland in November of 1971. NFPA's Fire News described his presentation as follows


The Fall Fire Conference Luncheon is a feature all in itself, since you will hear at this luncheon about the fire protection at Disney World and the Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow. Also to be shown during the luncheon is a color motion picture prepared by the Disney organization on the Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow. Come and learn what can be done in fire protection when "Imagineering" is introduced!


Mr. Moses was a good friend of NFPA, an innovator of safety based solutions and an all-around class act. Those attributes live on throughout RCID. So remember, the next visit you have to WDW, Mr. Moses’ vison for safety has a hand in keeping you safe in the parks, your Disney hotel room or anywhere else you venture on Disney property-none of those things just happened on their own.

Crowd crush blog
In the past few decades, thousands of people around the world have died or been seriously injured by crowd crush, many of compressive asphyxia, where victims are unable to expand their lungs under the force of bodies surrounding them. It’s common for dozens if not hundreds of people to die in a single event: In 1990, a crowd crush in a pedestrian tunnel leading out of Mecca during the Muslim Hajj led to the deaths of 1,426 Muslim pilgrims.

Federico Botta, a 27-year old PhD candidate and researcher at the University of Warwick Business School in Coventry, England, believes he might have found a tool that could help—smartphone data. As part of a study, “Quantifying Crowd Size with Mobile Phone and Twitter Data,” published in May, Botta and other researchers analyzed two months of cell phone calls, smartphone Internet connections, and Twitter posts emanating from a soccer stadium in Milan, Italy, during 10 matches. They found that they could quickly and accurately estimate crowd size in the stadium simply by analyzing the amount of smartphone activity happening within the stadium.

NFPA Journal interviewed Botta for the "Perspectives" feature in the new NFPA Journal about this new approach, as well as how emergency planners and first responders could use this real time information to help them prevent future crowd crush tragedies. Read the interview with Botta and learn more about the phenomenon of crowd crush in the July/August issue of NFPA Journal, and at

One year after a deadly Philadelphia food truck explosion, two NFPA representatives spoke about food truck safety in a recent radio interview.

Christal Frost, host of a weekday show on WTCM NewsTalk 580 in Traverse City, Michigan, asked the pair about risk factors involved with the increasingly-popular mobile food vendors and what the NFPA is doing to address the issue. "Our goal this morning is not to incite fear and panic in the public with food trucks," said Meredith Hawes, an NFPA public education specialist, "but just to bring to light some of the safety concerns."

Jacqueline Wilmot, an NFPA fire protection engineer, Capture said that fuel sources on trucks are a risk factor. Tank connections can loosen while driving, leading to gas leaks. A basic cautionary step is to ensure connection points for fuel are properly connected and that there are no holes in the hoses. To check for possibles leaks, use a handheld detector or apply a light soap and water solution to the hoses. If it bubbles while propane is flowing, there is a leak. 

Food truck regulation and incident categorization are also issues, said Wilmot. Some places like Chicago have rigorous inspection processes, while others little or no regulation at all. Additionally, incident reporting is a gray area because they fall in a gap between restaurant and vehicle fires.

Wilmot is the staff liaison for NFPA 96, Standard for Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking Operations, which only minimally covers temporary cooking. While the NFPA continues to look at potential changes to codes, Wilmot and other members of NFPA 96's committee have been working on a food truck safety checklist to post online. "You don't want people to be scared of food trucks," she said, "it's just that they need to [take appropriate safety measures], because if you put propane on anything and didn't maintain it, it could be dangerous."

For a more in-depth look at the topic of food truck safety, read "All Up In Our Grill," a feature in the May/June 2015 issue of NFPA Journal. Also check out the related podcast featuring a conversation between Wilmot and Journal staff writer Jesse Roman. 

Listen to the full WTCM interview for more information about food truck fire safety, other risk factors and the status of possible changes to regulation standards and safety practices.

Fire Prevention Week was established to commemorate the Great Chicago Fire and to educate everyone about the importance of Fire Prevention. The Industrial Fire Protection Section(IFPS) Fire Prevention Week(FPW) award recognizes an IFPS member that uses the theme of FPW and educates their employees and involves the community in getting the word out about Fire Prevention. Applicants are judged on 4 different areas:

  1. Employee education
  2. Local outreach
  3. Creativity
  4. Promotional usage

For 2014, we had a number of strong admissions but 3 submissions stood out among the rest. One company edged out the other two and won 1st prize.  Here’s a quick summary of what McKee Foods and our other winners did to promote Fire Prevention Week:

McKee Foods

McKee Foods educated over 6,000 employees using a combination of media including in-house newsletters and airing spots on their closed circuit TV system. They also partnered with the Tri-State Mutual Aid association to deliver McKee Foods Products and home escape plans-----distributing over 50,000 cookies and 60,000 escape plans through 40 regionally located fire departments.


CVS Health-Honorable Mention

CVS donated 500 smoke alarms at 5 retail stores in New York City to draw attention to Fire Prevention Week. They also set up an information kiosk in each store, handing out FPW brochures, playing a Sparky the Fire Dog Video and answering questions from more than 56,000 customers that visited those stores during Fire Prevention Week.

IFPS Awards 2015 C&E CVS II
From L to R: Joan Paquet, Fire Protection Engineering Manager, Ford Motor Company and Chair of the IFPS Executive Board, Catherine St. Onge, Senior Advisor Corporate Safety, CVS, Dana Brainerd, Senior Manager, Environmental Health & Safety, CVS and Sean Ryan, NFPA

Draper Inc.-Honorable Mention

Draper Inc., headquartered in Spiceland, IN donated smoke detectors for low income housing in their area, organized fire extinguisher training for employees and worked with their local fire department to create a fire prevention awareness day at their local elementary school. One of Draper’s employees is a volunteer firefighter with access to the local fire department’s equipment so the kids got to learn about fire safety first hand by using hoses and navigating through a smoke room.


IFPS Awards 2015 C&E Draper
From L to R: Joan Paquet, Fire Protection Engineering Manager, Ford Motor Company and Chair of the IFPS Executive Board, Linda Brinson, Safety and Wellness Director, Draper Inc., and Sean Ryan, NFPA

FPW 2015

This year’s FPW theme is “Hear the Beep Where You Sleep. Every Bedroom Needs a Working Smoke Alarm.” We will send out entry information to all section members via e-mail and regular mail in August. The deadline for entries is December 15, 2015. We highly recommend you work with your Communications or Public Relations teams to organize a Fire Prevention Week program in October at your organization. If you start planning now, you can have a great program put together for October. For more information, contact Sean Ryan, IFPS Executive Secretary, at

Warm balmy nights, food cooking on the grill, and friends and family spending quality time together in the backyard or around the pool create wonderful memories that last a lifetime. But, hosting outdoor events also means there’s an increased risk of home fires and even grass and brush fires. To this end, NFPA created a new "outdoor entertaining" webpage that provides all kinds of great resources to help you plan your next summer party safely. From setting the table to decorating the landscape, find tips sheets, infographics, videos and more. We have you covered. Martha Stewart

Did you know? NFPA is now a regular content contributor for Martha Stewart Living! Check out our latest outdoor entertaining blog on her website!

As you take a look at all of our great information, remember, following some simple safety tips and guidelines can help ensure you and your guests stay safe. Consider these tips below when you host your next outdoor event: 

  • Have an adult present at all times when a portable fireplace is burning
  • Use sturdy candle holders that won’t tip over easily
  • Keep anything that can burn, as well as children and pets, at least three feet away from open flames
  • Use battery-operated flameless candles and solar-powered patio (tiki) torches in place of an open flame. Flameless candles come in all colors, shapes and sizes, and many are scented. Flameless candles look and feel like the real ones, and add a beautiful soft glow to any outdoor event.

Don't forget, you can find these tips and more on our website at Take a look today!

Enjoy your summer! And thanks for keeping fire safety top of mind, everyone!

NOTE: Photo first appeared on

Safety SourceThe July issue of Safety Source, NFPA's public education enewsletter, is now available for viewing. In this issue, you will find;  

  • Clothes dryer safety and electrical safety tip sheets now in Spanish
  • Fire Prevention Week printables for kids
  • Infographic highlights smoke alarm placement
  • Ten-minute lesson covers smoke alarms in less traditional sleeping areas
  • Domino’s Fire Prevention Week sweepstakes
  • Jeff Donahue joins Public Education Division

Don't miss an issue! Sign up now and be the first to get the latest information on happenings in the public education division, activities, fire statistics, trends, educational tips, Sparky the Fire Dog® and more.

Sprinkler blog
A “shadow area” in sprinkler lingo is the theoretically dry space beyond an obstruction, such as a structural column of soffit, which will not be covered by water discharged from a sprinkler. What to do about these areas is a common question NFPA staff liaison Matt Klaus gets when he teaches courses on NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems.

Klaus offers up some advice on how to address these potential issues in his latest “In Compliance” column on NFPA 13 in the July/August issue of NFPA Journal. There is advice given in the code, as well as comprehensive obstruction rules, Klaus writes. NFPA 13D, Installation of Sprinkler Systems in One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Manufactured Homes, and NFPA 13R, Installation of Sprinkler Systems in Low-Rise Residential Occupancies, also contain a rule that the cumulative shadow area for each sprinkler must not exceed 15 square feet.

To learn more, read Klaus’s column, “In the Shadows,” in the latest edition of NFPA Journal, and visit



Receive the print edition of NFPA Journal and browse online member-only archives as part of your NFPA membership. Learn more about the many benefits and join today.

Dryer Safety SpanishNFPA offers free safety tip sheets on a variety of fire and life safety topics. Download, print and share these tip sheets to spread the word about fire safety. 

Two of our popular tip sheets have now been translated and are now available in Spanish. Doing laundry is most likely part of your every day routine. But did you know how important taking care of your clothes dryer is to the safety of your home? With a few simple safety tips you can help prevent a clothes dryer fire. Download the new dryer safety tip sheet available in Spanish

In addition to the dryer fire tip sheet, our electrical safety tip sheet is also now available in Spanish. Download the Spanish electrical safety tip sheet for free from our website

Reminder! Select NFPA safety tips sheets can be customized with your fire department or organization's name and contact information/web site. Open the PDF and scroll down to the bottom of the tip sheet. There you will see two lines where the text of your choice can be inserted. 

Lucian Deaton, manager of NFPA’s Firewise Communities and Fire Adapted Communities Programs, recently heard Dr. Stephen Pyne, the United States’ foremost forestry historian, speak at a conference at Arizona State University, where he challenged the attendees to think of the wildland/urban interface (WUI) “not as wilderness, but as bits of urban development that happen to have unique (and often fire-prone) landscaping—a perspective that makes it easy to grasp the threat faced by structures in the WUI.”

Whether you believe in climate change or think that the planet is simply experiencing a shift in global weather cycles, it is clear that our built environment and our current social processes were designed for a time that is now past. We are entering a new reality and, Dr. Pyne stressed, we need to accept these new conditions if we are to protect the assets we want to save, such as structures, while “allowing fire to provide its natural balance to the environment.”

To see how homeowners can play a key role in this new reality by making their structures safer from wildfire, read Deaton’s column “All Dried Up” in the latest issue of NFPA Journal.

Receive the print edition of NFPA Journal and browse online member-only archives as part of your NFPA membership. Learn more about the many benefits and join today.

The Live Articles on Special Hazards, are a series of article reprinted from the monthly fire insurance supplement of The Weekly Underwriter in the early 20th century.  The purpose of these articles was to provide fire insurance specialists with a working knowledge of manufacturing processes and the risks inherent with each process or product. 

Cottonoil"The cub inspector going into a cotton mill for the first time is confronted by a series of bewildering manufacturing operations.  How much easier would the work be for him if he knew just where the process begins, and which processes require special attention from the fire insurance viewpoint!  The veteran inspector who has not visited a paint factory for years may wish to refresh his memory as to the chemistry of oxidation of leads and oils just prior to looking over a new risk in his field.  It is hoped that the "Live Articles" presented herewith, and those which are being published currently in the Weekly Underwriter may in a good measure answer this need."  The image at right is an instructive diagram of a crude oil refinery.

Early volumes covered  processes in cotton mills, clothing factories, storage warehouses,  flour mills, sugar refineries and oil refineries as well as discussion of special occupancies like theaters,  churches and piers.  Also included are articles explaining insurance such as marine insurance, American reinsurance,  and use and occupancy insurance: origin, elements, development,  and application of this form of coverage explained and analyzed.


Researchers use these volumes to trace back the understanding of a specific hazard, like ammonium nitrate, or dry cleaning chemicals or to document the history of provisions relating to specific occupancies in codes and standards.

The Charles S. Morgan Library supports the research activities and maintains the archive of NFPA.  We have the Live Articles on Special Hazards and the NFPA Quarterly Bulletin of the Committee on Special Hazards.  Learn more about the Library and Archives, our resources, and services.

CEUs If you attended NFPA's Conference & Expo in Chicago this June be sure to keep an eye out for the link you will receive via email so that you can access a record of the CEU (continuing education units) you earned. 

CEU records will be available approximately one month after the conference.

2015 NFPA Conference CEUs are applicable toward the education requirements of many professional boards and licensing organizations. Eligibility and reporting procedures vary; for more information, contact your professional organization. Outlined below are instructions for some of the most popular requests. 

American Institute of Architects (AIA) AIA_Logo

To receive continuing education credit for eligible Education Sessions, complete 2015 AIA Form C-1 and submit to Renee Noonan.


BCSPlogoBoard of Certified Safety Professionals (BCSP)

CEUs earned at the 2015 NFPA Conference & Expo may* qualify for BCSP recertification points. For details, refer to the BCSP Recertification Guide.  To receive continuing education credit for qualifying Education Sessions, complete the Certificate Request Form and submit to Renee Noonan. You will receive a Certificate of Attendance, which you must submit directly to BCSP.  *To qualify for BCSP recertification points, sessions must be safety, health, environmental or fire science related and must be found on the applicable examination blueprints. The exam blueprints can be downloaded at

FCIAFirestop Contractors International Association (FCIA)

CEUs earned at the 2015 NFPA Conference & Expo may be applicable to FM 4991 Approved Contractor and UL/ULC Qualified Contractor Program accreditation requirements for the Designated Responsible Individuals. To receive continuing education credit for eligible Education Sessions, complete the Certificate Request Form and submit to Renee Noonan. You will receive a Certificate of Attendance, which you must submit to FM Approvals or UL/ULC during the annual audit.

ICClogoInternational Code Council (ICC)

CEUs earned at the 2015 NFPA Conference & Expo may qualify for ICC recertification points. Information on renewing certifications can be found in the ICC Renewal Bulletin. To receive continuing education credit for qualifying NFPA C&E Sessions, you will need to log the appropriate information into your ICC account. To receive a Certificate of Attendance (which you should retain for 3 years for ICC auditing purposes), complete the Certificate Request Form and submit to Renee Noonan.

NABlogoNational Association of Long Term Care Administrator Boards (NAB)

To receive continuing education credit for eligible Education Sessions, complete the NAB Certificate Request Form and submit to Renee Noonan. You will receive a Certificate of Attendance, which you must submit directly to NAB.

NICETlogoNational Institute for Certification in Engineering Technologies (NICET)

To submit CEUs earned at the 2015 NFPA Conference & Expo for consideration toward NICET requirements, enter the appropriate information in Section B of your NICET CPD log when recertifying. 1 CEU is worth 10 CPD points. NOTE: The training and education that qualifies for NICET Continuing Professional Development (CPD) points toward recertification should advance, broaden, and enhance technical knowledge and job skills of the certification specialty area held by the participant. NICET reserves the right to disallow education/training.

NFCAlogoNational Fireproofing Contractors Association (NFCA)

CEUs earned at the 2015 NFPA Conference & Expo may be applicable to NFCA accreditation requirements. To receive continuing education credit for eligible Education Sessions, complete the Certificate Request Form and submit to Renee Noonan. You will receive a Certificate of Attendance, which you must submit directly to NFCA.

National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)


CEUs earned at the 2015 NFPA Conference & Expo may be applicable to continuing education requirements for CESW, CESCP, CFI-I, CFI-II, CFPE, and CFPS recertification. Information regarding specific requirements for each certification and how to report CEUs during the recertification process can be found at To receive a Certificate of Attendance verifying CEUs earned, complete the Certificate Request Form and submit to Renee Noonan.

Hello NFPA Bloggers and Followers! HR Logo

The NFPA HR team has decided to enter the wonderful world of blogging and are super excited to do so! I will be heading up the blogging and am looking forward to letting each and every one of our followers know about what is happening at NFPA on the "people side." I will also highlight one open role during each of my blog posts - if you know anyone who might be interested, share my blog and have them apply! We are always looking for talented individuals to join the team!

Have a topic that you'd like to hear about? Let me know in the comments section of each blog.

Recently, NFPA created an Instagram account - yay! This account will be used to tell our story in pictures and the content will range from behind the scenes images from meetings, events and what we are calling "a day in the life," which will highlight NFPA employees. This allows us to connect with our constituents and members while highlighting what really makes NFPA great - our employees.

Now...on to our first highlighted open role! Drum role, please......

Fire Alarm Code Specialist! NFPA has a great opportunity for an experienced fire alarm code specialist who will independently manage complex technical projects related to area of expertise including technical committee, product development, and other association activities.

This role is ideal for someone who has a bachelor's degree in fire protection engineering, electrical, mechanical, civil or chemical engineering along with 7 - 10 years of experience in the fire alarm industry.

From an outside, completely non-technical perspective, this role would provide the opportunity to be a part of a code that is such an integral part of fire safety everywhere. I remember being in Elementary School and having Sparky come visit, explaining to each of my classmates and I the importance of  listening for fire alarms and having a plan to get out if and when you hear the loud BEEP. My point? Fire Alarms are something that keep all of us safe, and being a part of such a huge piece of the Fire Protection puzzle would be incredibly rewarding.

Interested? Know someone who might be? Check out the full job description and apply by clicking below!

Fire Alarm Code Specialist

Thanks for reading and following along!

~ Katelyn

Fatality blog
In 2014, 64 firefighters died on duty, a sharp decrease from the previous year, according to a report “Firefighter Fatalities in the United States, 2014” just released by NFPA’s Fire Analysis and Research Division. A detailed summary of the report, the causes of on-duty fatalities, historical trends, and more was published in the July/August issue of NFPA Journal.

The 64 deaths was a big increase from the 97 deaths that occurred in 2013, when three incidents claimed a total of 32 lives, according to the report. In 2014, 22 deaths occurred while firefighters were operating at fires, the second lowest total since the study began in 1977. Sudden cardiac deaths continue to be a big problem for the fire service. In 2014, 36 sudden cardiac deaths with onset while the victim was on duty is the highest since 2008, and accounted for 56 percent of 2014’s on duty deaths.

For much more information on specific incidents, trends and causes of on-duty fatalities, and to read the Journal article and the full report, visit


Receive the print edition of NFPA Journal and browse online member-only archives as part of your NFPA membership. Learn more about the many benefits and join today.

Rick EnnisFire Chief Rick Ennis broke an NFPA blog record when his commentary on a fatal fire death involving a two year old was viewed more than 20,000 times. 

He has graciously accepted our request to regularly blog for NFPA's Fire Sprinkler Initiative, joining our other unique voices in the push for increased acceptance and use of home fire sprinklers. Here's a sampling of his inaugural post:

I am honored to have been asked to contribute regularly to this blog. I am guessing you have two pressing questions at the moment: One, who the heck is this guy? And two, why the heck is he writing a monthly blog about fire sprinklers? I thought I would open by offering this basic premise: The U.S. fire service has always been divided into two general camps—prevention people and suppression people.

Prevention folks have generally believed that the best fire is the one that never starts. Their beliefs are rooted in the findings of President Truman’s National Conference on Fire Prevention in 1947 and focused on fire protection through engineering, enforcement, and education. They are associated with taking a proactive approach to fire and life safety. Prevention people strive for a future in which unfriendly fires cease to exist.

Suppression guys have generally believed that the best fires are the ones to which they are first-in. Their beliefs are rooted in traditions pre-dating President Truman and focus on fire protection through aggressive firefighting strategies, tactics, and task assignments. They are associated with taking a reactive approach to firefighting and rescue. Suppression people strive to hone their craft to be the best of the best at what they do.

Fire sprinklers have traditionally been seen as a “prevention” issue. They are mostly discussed in prevention bureaus. Sprinklers are something fire protection engineers design, code enforcement officials endorse, and public education officers promote. Suppression people simply learn about the components of various fire sprinklers in the academy, during an occasional drill, or while studying for a promotion. Suppression folks pre-plan which buildings are sprinklered and respond to sprinkler activations. To the average prevention and suppression person, fire sprinklers are most often associated with large- or special-occupancy hazards.

Let’s be honest: we need both prevention and suppression people, and we need them to better balance themselves. 

Read more of Ennis' post by visiting NFPA's Fire Sprinkler Initiative blog.

Does NFPA 101®, Life Safety Code®, apply to existing buildings that are not undergoing rehabilitation? Are features that don’t comply with NFPA 101 grandfathered so that they don’t have to comply with the requirements for existing buildings? And how long do requirements for new buildings that were applied at the time  the buildings were constructed continue to apply to what is now an existing building?

NFPA 101 is unique among codes in that it applies to both new and existing buildings, and these three common questions help put that applicability into perspective, says Ron Coté, NFPA’s principal life safety engineer.

For the answers to these questions and the reasons behind those answers, read Coté’s column “Old + New” in the latest issue of NFPA Journal.

Receive the print edition of NFPA Journal and browse online member-only archives as part of your NFPA membership. Learn more about the many benefits and join today.

6a00d8351b9f3453ef01b8d137c323970c-150wi.jpgNFPA has now expanded to one more social media platform...Instagram! We will be sharing photos of the 'People of NFPA' through this new account. We have so many great staff members around the globe, thousands of volunteers who help us with our codes & standards process, and many amazing partner organizations. We want to share some of their stories, some of the fun events they all attend, some behind the scenes images from meetings, and even some day in the life of an NFPA employee photos with you.


You can find us by searching on your Instagram mobile app for @NFPAdotorg. Not on Instagram? You can still view our photos online by visiting!

Drone blog
It’s been a fantasy for decades, but there is a growing sense that flying machines will actually soon become an integral part of everyday life. One of the most tantalizing uses for drones, robots and unmanned systems is for first responders. There have already been several examples of drones and robots being used by agencies to do their jobs more safety and effectively.

The cover story in the July/August issue of NFPA Journal, “Rise of the Machines,” details the vast potential for these robots and drones to help first responders, as well as the regulatory hurdles that need to be overcome before that can happen. In addition, the article points out many of the other challenges ahead, from developing codes and standards for unmanned systems for safe operation and deployment, to making sure the equipment works safety and effectively, and satisfying the public’s fear that drones will be used to infringe on privacy. As the industry matures, and more and more fire and police departments incorporate drones and robots into everyday operations, it’s becoming clear that NFPA will likely have a big role to play, Ken Willette, NFPA’s Division Manager of Public Fire, said in the article.

“I see this as potentially being a whole new group of standards within NFPA’s library,” he said.

Find out more about what these robots can do; see video of the massive Unmanned Systems 2015 expo hall; read and see video on the recently completed DARPA Robotics challenge; see a video shot from a drone sizing up a fire in Connecticut; read about drones currently deployed; and read “Rise of the Machines” in the latest issue of NFPA Journal, all at


Receive the print edition of NFPA Journal and browse online member-only archives as part of your NFPA membership. Learn more about the many benefits and join today.

Some of our most transcendent moments occur in assembly occupancies, such as churches and theaters, but such occupancies have also hosted some of our most horrific fires, say Ramond Battalora, project manager with Aon Fire Protection Engineering Corporation, and Jack Sawyer, an associate with Eskew Dumez Ripple Architects in New Orleans.

“That’s in part why egress—the ability to get out of a building safely and quickly—is such an elemental concept in both the renovation and new construction of assembly occupancies,” they say. “It’s also why the egress schematic—or what NFPA 101®, Life Safety Code®, refers to as the 'life safety floor plan'—is such an important tool for stakeholders in these projects.”

The 2015 edition of NFPA 101 requires life safety evaluations for assembly occupancies that can hold more than 6,000 people, for indoor festival seating areas that hold more than 250 people, and for occupancies that use the more favorable smoke-protected assembly seating exit capacity factors.

Read Battalora and Sawyer’s article “Exit Strategy” in the latest issue of NFPA Journal for a closer look at what a life safety floor plan is and how to implement one.

Receive the print edition of NFPA Journal and browse online member-only archives as part of your NFPA membership. Learn more about the many benefits and join today.

NFPA News The July issue of NFPA News, our codes and standards newsletter, is now available.

In this issue:

  • Comments sought on proposed TIAs to NFPA 85 and NFPA 5000
  • NEC® First Draft Report available for public comment submissions
  • Errata issued on NFPA 68 and 85
  • Final results and transcripts from 2015 Tech Session
  • Council award recipients
  • Standards Showcase
  • Research and Analysis Reports
  • Committees soliciting public input
  • Committees seeking members
  • Committee meetings calendar

Subscribe today! NFPA News is a free newsletter, and includes special announcements, notification of public input and comment closing dates, requests for comments, notices on the availability of Standards Council minutes, and other important news about NFPA’s standards development process.

IAF blog
Read the story
of how the affordable home smoke alarm came to be and why this innovation was chosen to receive the inaugural Philip J. DiNenno Prize and the $50,000 prize in the “In a Flash” section of the July/August issue of NFPA Journal.

Lyman Blackwell was presented the prize at the 2015 NFPA Conference and Expo this past June in Chicago for his key technological role in the alarm’s development. The DiNenno Prize, which aims to be akin to “the Noble Prize” of fire and life safety, is named after the late Philip DiNenno, the highly regarded former CEO of Hughes Associates who passed away in 2013.

The July/August edition of “In a Flash” also includes an article detailing the Fire Protection Research Foundation’s just released report “Research Roadmap for Smart Fire Fighting,” which aims to chart a path forward for a new era of firefighting that uses sensors, data and analytics to make firefighters more effective and more safe.

There are also articles on the Fire Sprinkler Initiative's new grant program, “Bringing Safety Home”; NFPA’s revamped grilling safety website,; a preview of the Backyards & Beyond wildland fire education conference; a preview of the upcoming 2015 Fire Prevention Week; as well as numerous briefs and news items.

Read it all at  


Receive the print edition of NFPA Journal and browse online member-only archives as part of your NFPA membership. Learn more about the many benefits and join today.

NFPA and The Fire Protection Research Foundation recently embarked on a “smart-firefighting” project in an effort to help the fire service use data to enhance firefighter safety and operations, says Kathleen Almand, vice-president of NFPA’s Research Division.

“The NFPA’s Fire Analysis and Research Division has invited input from the fire service on how we can make the data we collect more useful to our fire service constituents,” she writes. “We’ve made several big changes as a result, including the development of an electronic survey tool, and changes to how we present our results. The annual fire experience survey is a cornerstone of NFPA’s fire loss data collection and analysis program, so these changes represent a path for us to learn and do more.”

To that end, the Foundation and the Research Division are developing new methods to make it easier to analyze the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) data from the U.S. Fire Administration and, with other organizations, to envision the next version of NFIRS. The Foundation is also collaborating with the International Association of Fire Fighters to develop national estimates from fire department data to aid in the development of the National Fire Operations Reporting System, a new data collection system related to fire operations.

For more on the challenges the Foundation and the Research Division face as they devise solutions to better use data to address the nation’s fire problem, read Almand’s column “Data Connection” in the latest issue of NFPA Journal.

Receive the print edition of NFPA Journal and browse online member-only archives as part of your NFPA membership. Learn more about the many benefits and join today.

Matt Wright FPA Australia

In an effort to learn more about the work we do at NFPA, Matthew Wright, chief technical officer/deputy CEO of Fire Protection Association Australia, has been our guest over the past week.

"I’ve been very impressed with all the great work you are doing to develop standards and improve community safety," said Wright.

But when the fire alarm in his hotel sounded at 3:45 this morning, he gleaned a few more insights he shared with us: 

“Being a fire protection industry professional, I recognized what was occurring and evacuated the building via the exit stairs to a safe place outside the hotel...

I wasn’t surprised to hear that some people initially thought the alarm was their wake up call, some thought they would wait some time before leaving their room in case it stopped, and others where grateful for the arrival of the fire department. It turned out it was a false alarm.

I’m glad to report all the fire systems in the building and evacuation procedures seemed to work well and that people followed instruction in an orderly fashion without resistance.

Fire and other emergencies don’t happen to everyone every day, but when they do they can have catastrophic consequences.  Communities in the United States should rest assured that a great organization like NFPA produces life, property and environment protection resources to keep them safe.

Thank you to everyone at NFPA.”

Wright's comments are appreciated by all of us here, and it was a pleasure meeting him as well. But his observations are also an important reminder that everyone should take hotel fire alarms seriously, and promptly exit the building when they sound.


!|src=|alt=Quiz|style=margin: 0px 0px 5px 5px;|title=Quiz|class=asset asset-image at-xid-6a00d8351b9f3453ef01b8d135dcf5970c img-responsive!Take a minute (maybe less) to see if you can answer some basic information on home fire sprinklers.&#0160;


[NFPA&#39;s Fire Sprinkler Initiative |] has developed an online quiz in an effort to gauge the public&#39;s understanding of these life-saving devices and sprinkler requirements across the U.S. If you&#39;re able to answer all questions correctly, give yourself a pat on the back. If not, don&#39;t fret. We&#39;ve embedded the quiz on our popular Fact Sheets page so you can obtain more information on a particular question.


!|src=|alt=Act-Now-small|style=margin: 0px 5px 5px 0px;|title=Act-Now-small|class=asset asset-image at-xid-6a00d8351b9f3453ef01bb0850808d970d img-responsive!
Take the quiz, and use social media to share it with your work contacts, family, friends, and anyone else who could use a dose of sprinkler education. Tell us how you scored in the comments section below!



!|src=|alt=|style=padding: 0; margin: 0; border: 0; display: block; width: 80px; max-width: 100%;!Illinois fire and building officials enlightened on home fire sprinklers during kickoff event at NFPA Conference and Expo

!|src=|alt=|style=padding: 0; margin: 0; border: 0; display: block; width: 80px; max-width: 100%;!NFPA announces recipients of its Fire Sprinkler Initiative Grant Program

!|src=|alt=Fleetwood|title=Fleetwood|class=asset asset-image at-xid-6a00d8351b9f3453ef01bb085003b1970d img-responsive!


If you weren't able to attend one of the conference sessions or if there is one in particular that you'd like to hear again, the [audio recordings |] of all the education sessions are available for purchase via Fleetwood Media. All of the education sessions were captured live during the conference. 


!|src=|alt=Fleetwoodfull|style=margin: 0px 5px 5px 0px;|title=Fleetwoodfull|class=asset asset-image at-xid-6a00d8351b9f3453ef01b7c7abeef5970b img-responsive!

Alternatively, you may prefer to have all the conference recordings synchronized with the slides and the complete package offers just that -- all in one place.

*Complete NFPA 2015 Conference Recordings *


Available on CD-ROM or USB Flash Drive

This package features PowerPoint slides with Synchronized live Audio for selected sessions, and MP3 Audio recordings from all sessions, Plus all available Slides and Handouts.


Recorded at the 2015 NFPA Conference &amp; Expo held June 22-25, 2015, in Chicago, IL.

[For more information and how to purchase click here. |]


Screen Shot 2015-07-09 at 1.25.32 PM

Drones and robots, life safety in assembly occupancies, creosote fires involving commercial cooking systems—these are just some of the topics covered in the new July/August issue of NFPA Journal.

The issue also includes a summary of the 2014 firefighter fatalities report.

Our cover story, “Unmanned Advantage,” by Journal staff writer Jesse Roman, takes a detailed look at the many ways that drones and robots promise to revolutionize first response, public safety, and emergency management. Our online package for that story includes video of robots in action from the recent DARPA Robotics Challenge in Pomona, California, where ’bots from around the world competed for a $2 million top prize.

The focus theme for this issue is assembly occupancies, and our coverage includes a feature how-to for creating a life safety floor plan in accordance with NFPA 101, Life Safety Code. The story, “Exit Strategy,” includes a case study of how a life safety floor plan became an integral part of the renovation of a historic theater in downtown New Orleans. In “Perspectives,” we talk to a researcher from a university in England who is analyzing cell phone use as a way to estimate crowd size—a potentially valuable tool to help manage crowds and events in a range of assembly occupancies.

Our July/August coverage also includes a collection of dispatches from the recent NFPA Conference & Expo in Chicago, notably the inaugural award of the Philip J. DiNenno Prize. The award, which includes a $50,000 cash prize, was created to recognize and reward key innovations in public safety, and the first DiNenno Prize went to the affordable home smoke alarm. In “Just Reward,” Journal tells the story of how the award was created, and how the affordable home smoke alarm was chosen as its recipient.

Finally, if you don’t have your Journal app yet, go get it—versions for both Apple iOS and Android devices can be accessed by visiting our Journal apps page. They’re easy to use, look great on your mobile devices, and they’re free.      

Many of the 2015 NFPA Conference &amp; Expo<sup>®&#0160;</sup>education session presentations&#0160;are now available to download &#0160;on the website and on the C&E mobile app.&#0160;When the&#0160;conference session title is underlined, the presentation is available for immediate download.&#0160;Simply click on the session title. The education sessions are searchable by date, type,&#0160;track, speaker, and more. Here is a screenshot&#0160;as an example:&#0160;



!|src=|alt=CE edsessionspdfs|title=CE edsessionspdfs!</p>

The following proposed Tentative Interim Amendments (TIAs) for NFPA 85, Boiler and Combustion Systems Hazards Code, and NFPA 5000, Building Construction and Safety Code® ,are being published for public review and comment:

Anyone may submit a comment on these proposed TIAs by the August 21, 2015 closing date. Along with your comment, please identify the number of the TIA and forward to the Secretary, Standards Council by the closing date.

Summer PosterProject Paradigm, in partnership with the American Red Cross, runs The Paradigm Challenge; an annual competition developed to inspire youth to affect positive change in the world. Each month we see a new contest, with great prizes, that helps accomplish this goal. July’s contest, Summer Safety Poster Contest, has been kicked off and you are invited to participate! 

Summer is a time for fireworks, outdoor grilling, and air conditioning to keep cool. This month, use your creative talents to highlight the safe enjoyment of these summer activities with an original safety poster.

CREATE. Draw or design an original Summer Safety Poster that promotes the safe enjoyment of summer fun.

SHARE. Upload your poster with a message about the importance of fire safety during the summer. Then share with your friends and family to rack up votes. #SummerSafety

WIN! The 10 entries with the most votes by the end of the month will receive cash prizes of up to $1000.

Find more information on the Project Paradigm website

At the NFPA Conference & Expo in Chicago in June, members considered changes to 11 NFPA documents, including NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems, and NFPA 72®, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code. See the final results of the 2015 Technical Meeting and download the official transcript

NFPA responder forum

NFPA established its relationship with the fire service in 1896 through its work on fire sprinkler systems and electrical safety. Now it’s taking that relationship to a new level.

This fall, NFPA will host the first NFPA Responder Forum, an annual event designed to expose the fire service to emerging technologies, research, and standards development. As NFPA's Ken Willette explains in his NFPA Journal® column, the event will be held October 26–28 in Indianapolis and will include two days of panel discussions, presentations, and small-group meetings. Participants will be sponsored by the nine major fire organizations, and attendance will be capped to ensure good discussion and the development of action plans to address the issues presented at the event.

Read more about the NFPA Responder Forum in the new issue of NFPA Journal.

Receive the print edition of NFPA Journal and browse online member-only archives as part of your NFPA membership. Learn more about the many benefits and join today.


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The CFPS Board of Directors election results were announced at the Annual CFPS Certificate Holders General Meeting on Monday, June 22, 2015 during NFPA’s Conference and Expo &#0160;at McCormick Place Convention Center in Chicago, IL. There were 14 candidates vying for 4 open positions. Re-elected was Ralph Bless; elected were Robert Moore, Janet Washburn and Matthew Witt.

The Board of Directors reorganized and re-elected the Executive Committee, to the position of Chairman – David Ward; to the position of Vice Chairman – Ralph Bless; and elected to the position of Secretary/Treasurer – Anthony Cole.

Special thanks go to the 10 candidates who were not elected this year and for their dedication and commitment to the CFPS program as demonstrated by their desire to serve on the Board of Directors.

The CFPS Board of Directors would like to take this opportunity to acknowledge the service, dedication and commitment of outgoing Directors, Robert Fleming, Nancy Makey and John Waters. Bob, Nancy and John have been assets to the Board during their tenure on the Board. Thank you!

For more information:

General information on CFPS certification

For CFPS certificate holders

How to become certified

CFPS Primer training and upcoming exam dates</li> </ul>

By NFPA's Faith Berry


Are you looking to update your wildfire preparedness knowledge?  Do you want to meet some prominent wildfire preparedness educators from across the nation?  Do you want to know what the latest research tells us about how best to prepare homes, communities and fire departments before a wildfire event?  Then the Backyards & Beyond Conference in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, is the place to be this fall.

The picture is from in the article "Wildfire Risk High for Real Estate Investment in 2015."

If you register by September 18th your registration fees will be $150 lower.  Now is the time to reserve your spot for this premier national event sponsored by the NFPA.  You can view the Backyards & Beyond conference brochure to see what featured presentations, education sessions and new classes will be offered.  I am excited about NFPA's updated Assessing Wildfire Hazards in the Home Ignition Zone training and the new GIS class being offered by ESRI this year as pre-conference seminars. Bybbrochure

 If you are in the business of  providing wildfire risk mitigation products or services for communities and fire departments, the Backyards & Beyond conference is the place to share information about what you have to offer. There are limited exhibit spaces available, so it is important that you secure your spot soon.

Backyards & Beyond is a nationally recognized event that you don’t want to miss!  Past attendees, like Chief Mitch Floyd of Towns County Fire Corps in Georgia, testify to the value of conference attendance: "I don't think I have ever heard the WUI problem framed as well as was done by the (Backyards & Beyond) conference speakers. I especially thought the long term financial impact was an eye-opening element that should be pitched much harder, especially to the politicians." 

Come and find out what the Backyards & Beyond Conference can do for you and how you can learn to take action that will make a difference as we have a Year of Living Less Dangerously from Wildfire.

YLLDW Banner



If you are attending the 52nd ASHE Annual Conference and Technical Exhibition in Boston this month, be sure to visit with the NFPA staff who will be in attendance.  NFPA will be well represented at this year’s conference.  All events and sessions will be held at the John B. Hynes Memorial Convention Center on July 12-15.  Come by and visit with our marketing and product staff in the Exhibit Hall (Booth 123).  Swing by the ASHE Learning Lounge in Hall A on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday to speak with NFPA staff engineers with your NFPA code questions.  And be sure to attend the Just Ask ASHE: Codes and Standards Forum on Wednesday morning.

ASHE has lined up a number of sessions that will cover everything from emergency power supply requirements, accreditation program challenges and findings, how the Affordable Care Act is impacting staff/patient interactions and a review of the Fire Protection Research Foundation study "Validation of the Fire Safety Evaluation System (FSES in the 2013 Edition of the NFPA 101A" and more. 

For anyone arriving early, the New England Healthcare Engineers Society (NEHES.ORG) is organizing a Community Service project on Saturday morning July 11th.  NEHES is the host chapter for this year’s conference. NEHES very own, and NFPA Technical Committee member Dave Dagenais is also the 2015 President of ASHE and will be front and center in Boston.       

With committee activity ramping up on NFPA 99 and NFPA 101 this summer, this is a good opportunity learn from your peers in the health care engineering world, hear about the latest innovations and challenges in the acute care environment and share your experiences and knowledge. 

About the ASHE Conference:  More than 3,000 professionals gather on-site each year to get vital information on health care compliance, codes and standards updates, emerging trends, and best practices for efficiency, sustainability, emergency preparedness, and other pressing topics in the field. Attend the ASHE Annual Conference and Technical Exhibition to connect with colleagues in the field and to "stay fit" in your role as a health care facility management professional. 



Some of the latest news stories covering recent fires in churches have quoted NFPA research. According to NFPA's 2013 report U.S. Structure Fires in Religious and Funeral Properties, local fire departments responded to an estimated average of 1,780 structure fires per year at churches, other places of worship or funeral parlors during the five-year period of 2007- 2011. Thirty percent of the fires in these properties were caused by cooking and another 16% by heating equipment.  Sixteen percent or 280 of the 1,780 structure fires per year at these properties were intentional.

NFPA’s Marty Ahrens says it is not surprising that cooking is the leading cause of fires in these properties, “Places of worship are often used for more than worship.  They are often centers of the community and a place where a lot of activity happens.”

She also said it’s important to remember that most fires in places of worship are small.  Three out of five reported fires in these properties were confined to the object of origin. 

According to news accounts, a possible cause of the latest church fire in South Carolina may have been lightning.

Additional resources can be found at NFPA’s online press room.

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