Happy Weekend! It's the "official" start of the summer season, which, along with sunshine and BBQs, also brings additional safety concerns and potential hazardous scenarios. NFPA 1, Fire Code, contains valuable requirements to help ensure communities stay safe this summer season.
**While staying safe and enjoying the long weekend please remember that Memorial Day is a time to remember those that have sacrificed for our freedom and our country so we can all enjoy weekends like this.**
Q1: How do I protect parade floats?
A: Parade floats require a permit to use a parade float for public performance, presentation, spectacle, entertainment, or parade. In addition, motorized parade floats and towing apparatus require a minimum 2-A:10-B:C-rated portable fire extinguisher readily accessible to the operator. (See Section 10.16)
Q2: How far do recreational fires have to be from a building/structure?
A: Recreational fires shall not be located within 25 ft (7.6 m) of a structure or combustible material unless contained in an approved manner. This includes fire pits and camping fires. Also, conditions that could cause a fire to spread to within 25 ft (7.6 m) of a structure must be eliminated prior to ignition. (See Section 10.10.4)
Q3: Where can grills be located?
A: (For other than one- and two-family dwellings,) no hibachi, grill, or other similar devices used for cooking, heating, or any other purpose shall be used on any balcony, under any overhanging portion, or within 10 ft (3 m) of any structure. In addition, these devices cannot be stored on a balcony. (See Section 10.10.6)
Q4: Are there any provisions for patio heaters in NFPA 1?
A: NFPA 1 extracts provisions for the installation of patio heaters from NFPA 58, Liquified Petroleum Gas Code. Patio heaters, often used extensively in restaurants with outdoor seating, must be listed and used in accordance with their listing and the manufacturer's instructions. They cannot be located within 5 ft (1.5 m) of exits from an assembly occupancy, recognizing their common use in restaurants. (See Section 10.10.7)
Q5: Does NFPA 1 permit the use of sky lanterns?
A: The use of unmanned, free-floating sky lanterns and similar devices utilizing an open flame are prohibited. For more information, check out NFPA's safety tip sheet on sky lanterns. (See Section 10.10.9.3)
Q6: How does an AHJ enforce outdoor events such as carnivals or fairs?
A: The AHJ is permitted to regulate all outdoor events such as carnivals and fairs as it pertains to access for emergency vehicles; access to fire protection equipment; placement of stands, concession booths, and exhibits; and the control of hazardous conditions dangerous to life and property. (See Section 10.14)
Have a safe holiday weekend!