What does refueling railroad cars and a fire department service delivery concurrency evaluation have in common?
These are the topics of two technical advisory questions I received this week. Did you know that NFPA members as well as Authorities Having Jurisdiction have access to technical staff at NFPA to ask questions about our codes and standards?
NFPA 1, Fire Code, receives questions on a very wide range of topics: hazardous materials storage, fire department access, grilling, hydrant water supply, cooking equipment, and even automobile wrecking yards. This week brought questions on two completely unrelated subjects, but both are covered by the Code in some way.
1. Does Chapter 42, Refueling, address rail cars?
Section 42.1 states that Chapter 42 applies to refueling of automotive vehicles, marine vessels, and aircraft. A majority of Chapter 42 is extracted from NFPA 30A which applies to motor fuel dispensing facilities, motor fuel dispensing at farms and isolated construction sites and motor vehicle repair garages. NFPA 30A does not apply to anything on rails. Section 42.11 extracts from NFPA 52 and applies to the design, installation, operation, and maintenance of compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) engine fuel systems including marine, highway, rail, off-road, and industrial vehicles.
Fire departments operate under a specified level of service standards for fire protection, emergency medical, prevention, and other operational services provided (travel times, staffing, response time, equipment, capability, station location are all examples of service standards set by each department.) A key component of fire safety is the ability of the fire department to match their service delivery to the demand of the community. However, large-scale developments have the potential to overwhelm a fire department’s ability to provide it's specified standards service. Chapter 15 allows the authority having jurisdiction (AHJ) to address these developmental impacts in a proactive, rather than reactive, manner. Chapter 15 prompts the discussion regarding how services are to be maintained.
Have you ever worked for a fire department who was impacted by a large development expansion? How did it impact your job and your service?