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The First Draft Reports for NFPA documents in the Fall 2018 revision cycle are available. Review the First Draft Reports for use as background in the submission of public comments. The deadline to submit a public comment through the codes and standardsonline system on any of these documents is November 16, 2017. These proposed NFPA Standards with First Draft Reports in the Fall 2018 revision cycle are as follows: 
  • NFPA 14, Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems
  • NFPA 16, Standard for the Installation of Foam-Water Sprinkler and Foam-Water Spray Systems
  • NFPA 45, Standard on Fire Protection for Laboratories Using Chemicals
  • NFPA 52, Vehicular Natural Gas Fuel Systems Code
  • NFPA 67, Guide on Explosion Protection for Gaseous Mixtures in Pipe Systems
  • NFPA 69, Standard on Explosion Prevention Systems
  • NFPA 70B, Recommended Practice for Electrical Equipment Maintenance
  • NFPA 82, Standard on Incinerators and Waste and Linen Handling Systems and Equipment
  • NFPA 85, Boiler and Combustion Systems Hazards Code
  • NFPA 211, Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents, and Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances
  • NFPA 253, Standard Method of Test for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
  • NFPA 262, Standard Method of Test for Flame Travel and Smoke of Wires and Cables for Use in Air-Handling Spaces
  • NFPA 265, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Evaluating Room Fire Growth Contribution of Textile or Expanded Vinyl Wall Coverings on Full Height Panels and Walls
  • NFPA 276, Standard Method of Fire Test for Determining the Heat Release Rate of Roofing Assemblies with Combustible Above-Deck Roofing Components
  • NFPA 286, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Evaluating Contribution of Wall and Ceiling Interior Finish to Room Fire Growth
  • NFPA 551, Guide for the Evaluation of Fire Risk Assessments
  • NFPA 701, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Flame Propagation of Textiles and Films
  • NFPA 801, Standard for Fire Protection for Facilities Handling Radioactive Materials
  • NFPA 900, Building Energy Code
  • NFPA 914, Code for Fire Protection of Historic Structures
  • NFPA 1003, Standard for Airport Fire Fighter Professional Qualifications
  • NFPA 1005, Standard for Professional Qualifications for Marine Fire Fighting for Land-Based Fire Fighters
  • NFPA 1041, Standard for Fire Service Instructor Professional Qualifications
  • NFPA 1091, Standard for Traffic Control Incident Management Professional Qualifications
  • NFPA 1402, Guide to Building Fire Service Training Centers
  • NFPA 1600, Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity/Continuity of Operations Programs
  • NFPA 1851, Standard on Selection, Care, and Maintenance of Protective Ensembles for Structural Fire Fighting and Proximity Fire Fighting
  • NFPA 1963, Standard for Fire Hose Connections
  • NFPA 1975, Standard on Emergency Services Work Clothing Elements
The First Draft Report for the following two Standards were delayed and thus, have a revised public comment closing date of December 8, 2017
  • NFPA 350, Guide for Safe Confined Space Entry and Work
  • NFPA 1965, Standard for Fire Hose Appliances
  • Please note: The First Draft Report for NFPA 59A is delayed and posted at a later date with a revised public comment closing date.  
 At the August 2017 meeting, the NFPA Standards Council considered an appeal on NFPA 285 and voted to return the document to Committee for further processing.  NFPA 285 is re-entering the process at Fall 2018 with a call for Public Comments based upon the existing First Draft Report.  The public comment closing date is December 8, 2017.
  • NFPA 285, Standard Fire Test Method for Evaluation of Fire Propagation Characteristics of Exterior Non-Load-Bearing Wall Assemblies Containing Combustible Components
The First Draft Report serves as documentation of the Input Stage and is published for public review and comment. The First Draft Report contains a compilation of the First Draft of the NFPA Standard, First Revisions, Public Input, Committee Input, Committee Statements, and Ballot Results and Statements. Where applicable, the First Draft Report also contains First Correlating Revisions, Correlating Notes, and Correlating Input.

For the third year in a row, I got to witness families embracing fire safety at LEGOLAND Florida Resort. NFPA is the official fire safety partner for LEGOLAND® Florida and LEGOLAND® California Resort. We work with the parks to promote fire safety messages to families throughout the year, to salute the nation's firefighters, and to emphasize the Fire Prevention Week theme during the month of October.


Today, we kicked off several weeks of festivities and a celebration of real-life heroes. It never grows old seeing young children’s faces light up when they see local firefighters partaking in the day’s activities; and it reinforces all that NFPA does with outreach and advocacy when parents and grandparents comment how great it is to see their loved ones learning safety tips that they will remember for life.


During the Firefighter Friday event in Winter Haven today, visitors big and small learned about fire alarms from area safety officers, Polk County firefighters and LEGO® City Firefighter Max. They participated in the NFPA Fire Rescue Academy Competition racing each other for bragging rights and prizes. Boys and girls heard what it takes to be a firefighter and took photos with local fire heroes. Despite the Florida heat and humidity, kids helped firefighters find flames throughout LEGO MINILAND USA during a LEGO fire scavenger hunt. Just as families and first responders began to tucker out, they got a little respite in the Fun Town 4D Theatre where they enjoyed a special offering of the LEGO® Movie 4D - A New Adventure and talked with firefighters about this year’s Fire Prevention Theme, “Every second counts, plan two ways out.”


NFPA’s annual partnership with LEGOLAND entails high-visibility fire safety signage, educational videos, branded structures, social media and email outreach, and on-site marketing materials that reinforce the importance of smoke alarms and escape plans. Throughout the year, groups enjoying field trips to both the Florida and Carlsbad, California theme parks receive NFPA’s public education materials. Promotional items are also distributed during LEGOLAND’s popular Brick-or-Treat activities that take place at both destinations on October weekends.


Both NFPA and LEGOLAND share the belief that fire safety is important. Together, we are taking steps to educate and inform families about fire prevention and emergency response, while saluting the amazing work that our first responders do day in and day out to keep us safe.

Fire Chief Raymond Barton of the Flint Fire Department welcomed students to the station in celebration of Fire Prevention Week.


For the 10th year in a row, NFPA teamed up with Domino’s to kick off our joint Fire Prevention Week program promoting the importance of smoke alarms and home fire safety. This year, seventy first graders from Brownell STEM academy were invited to the Flint Fire Department, where they learned about smoke alarms, as well as home escape planning and practice messages in support of this year’s Fire Prevention Week campaign, “Every Second Counts: Plan Two Ways Out,” October 8-14, 2017. The students were also treated to a visit from Sparky the Fire Dog® and a pizza party. The event culminated in a send-off of Flint firefighters and Domino’s, who conducted a smoke alarm check and pizza delivery to a local homeowner, reflecting Domino’s nationwide support of Fire Prevention Week.


A huge thanks to the Flint Fire Department for all their help and enthusiasm in support of this year’s program – it was the first time we worked with them, and they did a fabulous job helping make the day a true success. Thank you, too, to all the local Domino's and fire departments that team up each year to bring the campaign to life in their communities. Participation continues to grow annually, which is a testament to the program's fun, engaging approach to educating communities about smoke alarm safety. We truly appreciate everyone’s support!


Here's a brief refresher on how Domino's Fire Prevention Week program works: Customers who place an order from participating Domino's stores during Fire Prevention Week, October 8-14, are randomly selected to receive their delivery from the local fire department, who will conduct a smoke alarm check in the customer's home. If the smoke alarms in the home are working, the delivery is free. If they're not working, the firefighters will replace the batteries or install fully-functioning alarms.

Before getting into this week’s Fire Code topic I want to highlight my coworker’s latest blog post, Planning for the unthinkable in assembly venues with the Life Safety CodeGreg, a Principal Engineer in the Building Fire Protection and Life Safety Department at NFPA, discusses how the scope and provisions of NFPA 101 apply to the recent tragedy in Las Vegas and how we, as safety professionals, can contribute to occupant safety in the future.  I am truly saddened by the events that required such a post be written in the first place, but cannot deny that we, as professionals, need to keep pushing forward and making changes and doing our best to make this world a safer place.  Thanks, Greg, for the timely and thoughtful information.


Onto NFPA 1.


Do you ever feel like you are preparing for the holidays months in advance these days?  Just the other day I heard a holiday ad on the radio and saw Christmas decorations on display while shopping. Whether we are ready or not, the “holiday season” is here.  A common fixture during during fall is the haunted house. Large or small, permanent or temporary, professional or amateur, haunted houses are popping up everywhere, especially in buildings not originally designed to accommodate such use. Unfortunately, haunted houses can cause nightmares for more than just those that attend.  Without the proper knowledge and understanding of the codes that apply, haunted houses can be a safety nightmare as well.


haunted houses and building code - nfpa 1


Per NFPA 1, Fire Code, a haunted house is considered a special amusement building.  By definition, a special amusement building is "a building that is temporary, permanent, or mobile and contains a device or system that conveys passengers or provides a walkway along, around, or over a course in any direction as a form of amusement arranged so that the egress path is not readily apparent due to visual or audio distractions or an intentionally confounded egress path, or is not readily available due to the mode of conveyance through the building or structure."  A special amusement building is an assembly occupancy regardless of occupant load. 

Haunted houses use special effects, scenery, props, and audio and visual distractions that may cause egress paths to become not obvious.  In haunted houses in particular, the presence of combustible materials and special scenery can also contribute to the fuel load should a fire occur.  Because of this, the Code requirements are purposely strict to in hopes of avoiding a potentially disastrous fire event. 


Code provisions for special amusement buildings are found in Section 20.1.4 of NFPA 1.  The Code requirements for haunted houses are summarized below:


  • Haunted houses must apply the provisions for assembly occupancies in addition to the provisions of Section 20.1.4.
  • Automatic sprinklers are required for all haunted houses.  If the haunted house is considered moveable or portable, an approved temporary means is permitted to be used for water supply.
  • Smoke detection is required throughout the haunted house where the nature it operates in reduced lighting and the actuation of any smoke detection device must sound an alarm at a constantly attended location on the premises.
  • Actuation of sprinklers or any suppression systems, smoke detection system (having a cross zoning capability) must provide an increase in illumination of the means of egress and termination of other confusing visuals or sounds.
  • Exit marking and floor proximity exit signs are required.  Where designs are such that the egress path is not apparent, additional directional exit marking is required.
  • Interior wall and ceiling finish materials must be Class A throughout.
  • Per Section 10.8.1, emergency action plans are required.

Other requirements, not specific just to haunted houses or special amusement buildings, may also apply:


  • Permits (see Section 1.12)
  • Seasonal buildings (see Section 10.12)
  • Special outdoor events, fairs and carnivals (see Section 10.14) 

As we move into the Halloween and haunted house season, it’s easy to get caught up in the fun and overlook the safety issues that may arise. Through the provisions in NFPA 1, which can assist fire code officials and inspectors enforce safe haunted houses, and NFPA's halloween resources for consumers, everyone can stay safe this season.


Thank you for reading, stay safe!

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