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3 Posts authored by: christiandubay Employee


The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has sent a New Project Initiation Request to the NFPA Standards Council asking for the development of an ANSI-accredited standard for community-based response to drug overdoses (CReDO). This new standard would address the necessary functions and actions related to the prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery to drug overdoses by any community, AHJ, facility, and/or organization that handles these types of incidents.


According to the DHS request, NFPA was selected to develop the proposed CReDO standard because of its open-consensus codes and standards development process. The DHS request states:


"To address this national public health emergency, we need a multi-level community response to prevention, identification, response and recovery to these overdose events. Communities need to recognize and share best practices and tools to tackle the issues within their respective jurisdictions. It requires consistent training, terminology, tools, systems, frequent updates of current information, and overall coordinated management of response actions.


A national voluntary consensus standard would bring together all vested stakeholders to tackle this problem together. It would include participation by federal, state and local government, law enforcement, EMS, fire, hospitals, poison centers, professional organizations, laboratories, addiction treatment programs, drug prevention experts and private sector partners."


As first responders have become increasingly relied upon to provide emergency response to a growing range of incident, NFPA has worked to support their roles and responsibilities by developing standards, trainings, resources and initiatives that help them perform their work as effectively and safely as possible, wherever they’re required to go. Development of our ambulance and active shooter are just a couple of examples of first responder issues we’ve addressed in recent years.


When the NFPA Standards Council receives requests to develop a new standard, comments are solicited from as many groups and individuals as possible to gauge levels of support or opposition. This feedback ultimately enables the Council to determine whether or not to begin standards development.


We fully recognize that there will be many points of view and perspectives to be considered on the proposed CReDO standard. NFPA is now soliciting public comments, which can be provided to the Standards Council at through December 31, 2019. We encourage everyone to actively participate in this process to make sure all voices and opinions are heard.


After reviewing the entire record before it, the NFPA Standards Council voted today to cease standards development of NFPA 277, Standard Methods of Tests for Evaluating Fire and Ignition Resistance of Upholstered Furniture Using a Flaming Ignition Source. In making its decision, the Council concluded there is a fundamental lack of consensus on how to test and evaluate residential upholstered furniture flammability exposed to a flaming ignition source.

Burning upholstered furniture presents a significant fire issue that demands a solution to protect both citizens and first responders. Unfortunately, creating a test method to assist in addressing this part of the fire problem has proved quite challenging, and ultimately resulted in the Council’s decision.

In 2014, the Standards Council voted to approve the development of a new test method that was to evaluate fire/ignition resistance of upholstered residential furniture subject to a flaming ignition source. After extensive discussion and review of available information and data, the Technical Committee on Fire Tests decided to address the fire problem associated with residential upholstered furniture by measuring total and peak heat release after ignition and developing pass/fail criteria to reduce flashover. The draft document proposed by the Technical Committee for entry into revision reflects that proposed approach, which served as a change in direction from the original proposed scope.

However, numerous comments in opposition to the draft of NFPA 277 received by the Standards Council expressed stakeholder and industry concerns with the document’s scope; the pass/fail criteria; industry concerns; health and safety issues; the technical requirements of the test method; and fundamental aspects of the test method, including duplication of existing test methods.

Given this decision, we are faced with the same pressing question we started with: How can the persistent fire problem of residential upholstered furniture flammability be addressed in an effort to mitigate the nation’s home fire problem?


One clear path forward for addressing the U.S. home fire problem is the adoption and enforcement of requirements contained in the model building codes for the installation of home fire sprinklers in all new one- and two-family construction. Fire sprinklers have been proven to dramatically reduce the likelihood of civilian fatalities, injuries and direct property damage. They also provide enormous health and safety benefits to firefighters by extinguishing fires or keeping them small and reducing exposure to toxic hazards.

I strongly encourage the individuals and organizations that weighed in to our process and expressed a desire to reduce the fire problem and to better protect the public and first responders from the devastating effects of fire, to remain vocal and engaged towards the solution that exists in home fire sprinklers. NFPA aggressively advocates for widespread installation of home fire sprinklers and needs others to do the same.

In addition, we firmly believe that the participants who raised concerns about the toxicity of flame retardant chemicals, including first responders, need answers to their concerns.

More information on home fire sprinklers can be found at

AmbulanceNFPA is firmly committed to maximizing the safety of EMS providers at all times, including when they ride in ambulances. This point was powerfully reinforced in a NIST article, which highlights that the latest guidelines for ambulance patient compartments have been incorporated into the 2016 edition of NFPA 1917, Standard for Automotive Ambulances, which went into effect on September 7, 2015.

These patient compartment guidelines were developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and its two federal partners, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (DHS S&T), and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). The guidelines detail safety, efficiency and ergonomic improvements for patient compartment configuration.

“For the first time, we now have a voluntary consensus standard that includes testing and performance requirements from a crash perspective,” says Jennifer Marshall, homeland security program manager in NIST’s Special Programs Office.

As the roles of first responders have increasingly expanded, NFPA is well-versed in addressing the needs of the entire first responder community, whether they’re responding to an incident via fire apparatus or ambulance. The combination of extensive public input and comment, along with a balanced technical committee that has a tremendous breadth and depth of knowledge, experience and expertise, ensures that NFPA standards deliver the highest level of safety to all first responders, including EMS providers.

I applaud NIST, DHS S&T, and NIOSH for developing these important guidelines to ensure that research-based guidelines, where appropriate, become an integral part of standards like NFPA 1917, which directly impact EMS providers’ safety and ensure that all of our nation’s first responders - and those they care for - are a safe as possible.

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