The Home Insurance Building in Chicago was constructed in 1884. It is viewed as one of the first and most significant high rise buildings constructed in the US. Its state of the art steel and iron frame towered to 10 stories and almost 140 feet. Use of “fire proof construction” (a term that fell out of discourse) at this time was important as the Chicago skyline expanded and as the city was still reeling and rebuilding from the Great Chicago fire of 1871. Use of innovative structural framing on this project set the course for design techniques still in use today. The 10 story structure met its demise in 1931 to allow for construction of the 45 story Field Building-now known as the Bank of America Building.