In the world of code development, our codes and standards are constantly changing to reflect the latest technology, safety issues and industry trends. NFPA 80, Standard for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives, 2016 edition, was approved as a consent document by NFPA's Standards Council on May 26, 2015 and contains many changes that will positively impact the fire door community. Here is a summary of five of the changes to NFPA 80:
- Label Information - New Section 126.96.36.199 through 188.8.131.52 provide criteria for the information on labels required for fire doors, fire door frames, fire windows, and oversized doors. Prior to the inclusion of this language, NFPA 80 was silent on what information should be found on the labels. Providing a list of minimum critera for labeling inforamtion assits AHJs when inspecting doors and provides guidance for laboratories and manufacturers.
- Doors Exceeding Bottom Clearance - New Section 184.108.40.206 permits products evaluated for fire doors with a bottom clearance in excess of 3/4" (19 mm) and listed for use at or under the bottom of the fire door to be installed in accordance with their listings. Products are emerging which are tested and listed for use when clearances are not within the limits of NFPA 80. This proposal explicitly allows for this category of products, where listed for this use. Prior to this language, NFPA 80 offered no acceptable solution to correcting deficiencies in door clearance under the bottom of the door.
Field Labeling - New Section 5.1.4 mandates that field labeling be performed only by individuals or companies that have been certified or listed, or by individuals or companies that are representatives of a labeling service that maintains periodic inspections of production of labeled equipment or materials and by whose labeling the manufacturer indicates compliance with appropriate standards or performance in a specified manner. Additional language provides guidance on the information required on field labels. In prior editions, NFPA 80 provided no guidance to building owners, inspectors, or AHJs on field labeling. New text helps ensure field labeling is done correctly and by the appropriate person(s).
- Swinging Door Clearance -Requirements for the clearance between the door and frame and between the meeting edges of doors in pairs has been expanded to address doors and frames of different materials. There are significant dimensional and design differences between labeled door frames that are constructed of different materials (e.g., hollow metal, press steel, wood, composite, fiberglass reinforced polyester, and aluminum), which might not perform as needed under fire test, or actual fire, conditions. The new text also clarifies the different types of door frame construction and establishes the maximum clearance dimensions for each type door assembly.
- Testing of Fire Dampers - The frequencies for inspection and testing have not changed, but additional clarification has been provided related to the test method for both dampers operated by a fusible link and those that to not use a fusible link to operate. The new text will provide necessary clarification as to what steps need to be taken during the inspection and testing; guidance that was not provided in earlier editions of NFPA 80.
The other changes, along with the committee's explanation of those changes can be found by visiting the Next Edition tab of the NFPA 80 Document Information Page at www.nfpa.org/80next