[If you are reading this (thank you!) I am in Orlando on a mini vacation, enjoying the sunshine and thankful for missing the projected cold weekend and potential snow storm (happy spring?)]
Up until the latest projected winter blast, it seemed as if spring had sprung early (in New England at least) and it's hard not to think about outdoor cooking and grilling. NFPA 1, Fire Code, provides requirements for the use of grills, hibachi, and similar devices used for cooking and heating to ensure the safety of occupants and protection of property.
For other than one- and two-family dwellings, no hibachi, grill, or other similar devices used for cooking, heating, or any other purpose is to be used or kindled on any balcony, under any overhanging portion, or within 10 ft (3 m) of any structure. This keeps the ignition source a safe distance from the structure, such as an apartment building or dormitory, and away from exterior areas. In addition, these grills/hibachi cannot be stored on balconies. Where grills are stored on balconies, the probability is high they will be used there as well.
The inspection of every balcony of every multifamily dwelling is an impractical enforcement task. Compliance through public education is more readily achievable. The AHJ can provide written notification of these requirements to condominium associations, property management agencies, and others who are affected. When the potential danger posed by grills is understood, voluntary compliance is easier to obtain. Landlords can also include this prohibition in leases to ensure that tenants are aware of the restrictions.
NFPA also offers safe grilling tips and other resources for grilling safety. Who says grilling is only for the summer? If you grill year-round you should stay safe year-round.