Chapter 50 of NFPA 1, Fire Code, 2015 edition, provides requirements for the design, installation, operation, inspection, and maintenance of public and private commercial cooking equipment. A majority of the requirements in Chapter 50 are extracted from NFPA's expert document on this topic, NFPA 96, Standard for Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking Operations.
A new section, 50.7, has been added to Chapter 50 in the First Draft of the 2018 edition of NFPA 1 that addresses Mobile and Temporary Cooking Operations. Currently, there is no one place to find all the requirements for mobile and temporary cooking operations. The proposed text brings together applicable provisions from NFPA 1, Fire Code, NFPA 58, Liquified Petroleum Gas Code, and even introduces some new material specific to these types of cooking operations. A definition of mobile or temporary cooking was added to Chapter 3 to assist in the application of this new section. Similar text is also being proposed for addition into NFPA 96.
The proposed new section will address the following:
- General requirements such as fire extinguishers, separation, tents, fire department access, communications, training, power sources and fuel sources.
- Specific provisions for mobile cooking related to LP-Gas systems: containers, installation on vehicles, leak detection, piping, service and repair, transportation and protection of cylinders.
- Specific provisions for temporary cooking.
Food trucks have been gaining popularity in recent years, and to date, there are no NFPA codes, standards, or guidelines to provide the minimum fire safety requirements. After the 2014 Philadelphia food truck explosion killed a mother and daughter, the International Fire Marshals Association (IFMA) developed a task group to address this issue. The resultant work of their task group is proposed new language to NFPA 1 and NFPA 96.
The Philadelphia food truck explosion in 2014 has prompted for changes in NFPA 96 and NFPA 1. The explosion killed Olga Galdernez (42) and her daughter Jaylin Landaverry (17).
NFPA offers a plethora of free food truck safety resources to address this recent trend in food truck popularity and safety concerns.
Interested in providing comments on the new language proposed in NFPA 1? Access the First Draft Report and submit your comments to the NFPA 1 Technical Committee on Fire Code. Comment closing date is May 16!