Skip navigation
All Places > Smart Enforcement > Blog

Cooking is said to be the number one cause of fire and injuries in many homes. According to statistics, over 160,000 homes are annually affected by fires that result from cooking. A large percentage of these infernos starts with food ignition or some other cooking materials, mostly from cooking with grease. It is essential that you know how to quickly respond to fire emergencies as that will save you from huge losses. But how do you stop grease fire and keep your home safe?


What to Do & How to Stop A Grease Fire

No one plans for infernos to occur, but when they do, the fire spreads instantly. Here are important steps on how to stop a grease fire and knowing what to do.


  • ABC Kitchen Fire Extinguisher. Every household should have a readily available extinguisher.
    There are 3 types of extinguishers that tells you the types of fires its effective against; A., B or C.
    A Type: Regular combustibles like cloth, paper, wood.
    B Type: Flammable liquids, such as gasoline or cooking oil.

        C Type: Live electricity

Never used a fire extinguisher? Learn how to properly operate a fire extinguisher.


  • Cover the Flames. The first step to putting out a fire is to try to remove all oxygen from the flame and prevent it from spreading to other places of the kitchen and the house at large. So if you have a metal lid or any other metallic equipment that can be used for covering, use that. Ensure to leave the lid top on until it has cooled or otherwise you’ll burn yourself.


  • Turn OFF Heating Source. Whether you were using a cooker or stove, you should turn it off immediately.


  • If the fire hadn’t spread so much, sprinkle some salt or dump baking soda on it to cool it down. But in cases where it was big, you need to reach out for a grease fire extinguisher. When in doubt, run to safety away (outside).


The Do’s and Don’ts In Case of a Grease Fire

Fire spreads very fast. And all it takes is just one wrong move, and you could have the whole of your house burnt down to ashes. So to avoid that, you should be aware and keep off the things that can cause the inferno to escalate.

  1. Do Not Use Water On a Grease Fire

    Or any other inferno for that matter. No matter what you do, never think of stopping the flames with water. Why? Water contains oxygen and a lot of it. So when you pour water on the fire, instead of cooling down, you’ll have powered it even more.

  2. Never Attempt to Move The Burning Pot/Pan Outside

    Many people make this common mistake because it seems logical at the time. However, the burning oil could spill, and it can burn you and other flammable objects it comes into contact with.

  3. Never Swat At The Fire With A Fabric Like A Towel or An Apron

    What happens if you do, you’ll be fanning the flame, and it will spread even more. And the material could also catch fire. Also, remember not to place a wet cloth over a grease fire to snuff oxygen, it will only but charge it.

  4. Only Use Baking Soda and Salt - Nothing Else!

    What to put on a grease fire? Some people attempt to put off the flames by using baking powder and other cooking powders. But remember those have a different chemical composition and make-up. So they may not react similarly and may make the fire worse. If you have no baking soda or salt, do not be tempted to use any other powder


    Three out of five non-fatal fire injuries are caused when the victims tried to extinguish the fire themselves. The most common burns were on the hands and lower arms. So if the flames are not manageable, here is what you need to do.


What to Do If There Is A Grease Fire?

  1. Exit the Area. Get you and your family members out of the house immediately to avoid injuries or loss of life. Do not try to be a hero
  2. Once you’ve ensured that everyone is out, close the door to contain the fire and keep it from spreading.
  3. Call 911 once you are at a safe distance from the inferno.
  4. Don’t go back to the area unless the fire extinguishers have contained the fire.


These steps are essential to help you fight off the inferno and prevent you from sustaining injuries. But there are some prevention measures you can take to ensure that grease fire doesn’t occur in the first place.


Tips for Preventing Grease Fires

How do grease fires start? How about learning tips on preventing grease fires.

  1. Never leave the kitchen stove unattended. When frying, boiling, reheating or doing any other kind of cooking, do not leave the kitchen until you are done. Grease fires can happen in less than 30 seconds so do not leave your food unattended to.
  2. Use a heavy cooking pot. Light pots are likely to get easily burnt. Then also remember to use a lid when cooking as it contains the grease and cuts it off from the oxygen that can cause it to flame. But you should note that a grease fire can also occur with the lead on the pot if the oil is too hot.
  3. Do not cook when drinking or sleep-deprived.
  4. Don’t throw in food carelessly when the oil is hot. It will splatter and can lead to burns.
  5. Drain all moisture if you can from the food before dipping it into the hot oil. Also, avoid putting frozen foods into hot grease. ##
  6. Do not over-heat the grease beyond the maximum recommended temperature. If you notice any smoke or oil smells, it simply means that the oil is too hot and therefore you should turn the burner down. You can even use a clip on thermometer to monitor the temperature of the oil.
  7. Keep children distant from the stove when it is lit.

In addition to these, how to put out a grease fire tips, it is essential that you are aware of the times and seasons that grease fires are likely to occur. Mostly it is during the holidays like Christmas and Thanksgiving. So, always alert at these times.


Ensure that you are using the right cooking techniques to keep the fire at away. Also, it is always a good habit to keep salt and baking powder nearby, which is a non-professional the best way to put out a grease fire. In case an inferno occurs, you can easily use these things to snuff it out.

Check out more information on Home Cooking Fires on NFPA

If you have a heating system in your home, you probably are using one equipped with one of the most common furnaces around; gas or electricity. Modern furnaces have come a long way from the early versions that used wood and coal. It is therefore expected that most people will always ask, "How does a furnace work in a house?"


How does a Furnace Work in a House?

Understanding how a furnace works also helps you in operating and maintaining your unit. In case of any hiccup, it becomes easy to know where to look and also troubleshoot the whole setup. HVAC professionals suggests that having this knowledge also helps when it comes to picking among the heating systems to tell which will better suit your house and save energy.


The basis of all the furnaces is forced air heating, which means that the heated furnace transfers heat to the air which is then sent through the duct system of your house by the blower fans and distributed all around the house. You do not have to worry about space and how you will fit two duct systems in the house because the furnace heating systems easily share the same duct work with the home's air conditioning unit. This is the brevity of how a furnace works. To fully understand the details, you need to know the various parts of the furnace heating system and their roles.

How Does a Furnace Work in a House

Parts of a Furnace

1. Thermostat - All furnace unit systems contain a thermostat. Its purpose is to detect the temperature levels in the house. It is usually preset to the appropriate degrees. Should the temperatures in the house fall below the set number, the thermostat activates the furnace by sending a signal which opens up the gas valve and a device called a pilot light ignites the furnace.

2. Burners - Gas powered burners are designed to maintain a constant even flame. They all have to be lit for the system to kick on since internal sensors usually shut down the mechanism if even one burner is not lit.

3. Heat Exchanger - Heat from the burners is directed to the heat exchanger which is what warms the air as it is more efficient compared to if it was up to the burners alone. If this component is not working, then you will not get warm air.

4. From the heat exchanger, the warm heat is blown through the ducts and across the whole house by the blower fans propelled by a motor. Once the desired temperature is reached, the thermostat sends a signal to shut down the entire mechanism.


In an electric furnace, the process is the same only a few different components are involved. In place of a pilot light, there is electronic ignition, and in place of gas burners and heat exchanger, we have conductive coils through which air passes through, and it gets heated up for distribution. 


The right furnace system will save you a lot of energy since much of the fuel burnt will be used up for heating the air with very little going to waste. You have to check for the Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency when choosing a furnace.



Although furnaces and heaters keep you warm over the colder months, it's important to be aware of the safety precautions when it comes to heaters. The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) estimates that more than 25,000 residential fires and more than 300 deaths are caused each year by space heaters. More than 6,000 Americans receive hospital emergency room care annually for burn injuries associated with room heaters.


Knowing How A Furnace Works

How does a furnace work in a house? The answer lies in knowing the roles of the major parts of the system. You can split it into three to have controls which is the thermostat, the heat source like the burners and the distribution which are the duct and vents system. 


Ver para creer

Posted by carretero110 Aug 12, 2019

Los Bomberos sabemos que las puertas son el elemento clave para frenar los incendios en vivienda.

En este collage de imágenes podéis ver que los más  de 700 grados que se acumulan en el techo achicharran las alarmas tradicionales ubicadas en techo. Todos los fabricantes saben que los sensores fotoeléctricos están preparados para trabajar entre -10 ℃ y 50 ℃ con lo que en menos de 1 minuto nuestra alarma quedará fuera de juego.

Los techos llegan incluso a desprenderse. Podéis observar también como el humo siempre pasa por el dintel puerta, incluso cerrada durante el incendio.


Nuestras reivindicaciones potencian y complementan la seguridad en los hogares del mundo, siendo necesario homogeneizar los criterios de colocación, suprimir toda instalación y proteger los sensores en un plano un poco inferior dadas las increíbles temperaturas acumuladas en los techos. Esto se consigue gracias a nuestra placa de anclaje que los ubica con un simple gesto, sin instalación estratégicamente en el dintel, consiguiendo los auténticos salvavidas para el hogar que todos necesitamos.


Tomen conciencia por favor, hay muchas vidas en peligro cada día.


Innovar es encontrar nuevos o mejorados usos a los recursos de que ya disponemos.


Equipo DTM

According to information published by the Topical Fire Series reports (Residential Building Garage Fires 2009-2011*), 2% of all residential fires originated in the attached garage of residential buildings. The root cause of many of these fires could also be traced back to the homeowners' basic practices, which is storing flammable substances and other items on the inside of their garage. It is also important to note that 93% of these fires were reported as being in both one- and two-story residential buildings.


Fire Rated Doors

Fire Door Between Garage and House

Having said this, you should also know that these reports are now highlighting the fact that these incidents can be avoided. Specifically, since following specific residential fire codes and requirements are essential to keeping the family safe from undue harm and danger. So, to address these critical issues and more, the United States Fire Departments are concerned about homeowners becoming aware of fire code requirements that can prevent injuries and deaths from increasing in future years. Fortunately, there are viable solutions that can assist in these situations, which include the installation of fire rated door garage to house becoming the norm instead of the exception. So, for those of you who are interested in learning more about your city's firewall code, as it relates to residential buildings, here are some facts that you need to know.


  1. Homeowners Must Consider Using Fire Rated Doors


Give Everyone in the Home the Added Time to Escape. When a homeowner considers what types of doors that they want to install to their garage, they may or may not think about the nature of the decision that they make. In fact, unless the homeowner is aware of what types of doors can prevent tragedies from happening, they may only think about the size and aesthetics. Whatever the case or situation, it is very important that homeowners and their families know that this decision is critical to everyone's safety.


Because the fire rated doors that people choose can make a significant difference in whether a family member lives or dies, the owner of the home has to pay special attention to what they are investing in. Hence, each type of fire rated door that is on the market today can be described with specific specifications since it involves how long a family member has to get out of the home before the fire jumps from the garage to the home. For instance, the owner will have an option to choose between the different types once they understand the need and the related results. Usually, when giving a choice the owner, they will make a decision between those fire rated doors that will give them the following set timing:


- the family has 90 minutes to get out of the home before the fire jumps from the garage to the home

- the family has 4 hours to get out of the home before the fire jumps from the garage to the home



  1. Top Cause of Residential Garage Fires (Years 2009 -2011 Statistics)

Residential Fire Rated Garage Doors

The push to make sure every homeowner understand the crucial nature of these fires and how they can be avoided, there are a number of different things that homeowners should be educated on well in advance. Some of the most important have been communicated in reports some of the most common issues of concerns during these times. For instance according to NFIRS and On Track Garage Door In Phoenix, here are several incidents that have occurred and the cause of residential garage fires.


Heat from Powered Equipment - 42%

Hot or Smoldering Objects - 18.5%

Open Flame or Smoking Material- 16.9%

Heat Spread From Another Fire- 14.7%

Chemical, Natural Heat Source- 5.9%

Other Heat Source- 6.2%

Explosive, Fireworks- 1.7%

Undetermined - 37.2%


Each of the descriptions above is contributing factors to the reasons why these residential fires are happening and why the types of doors installed on garages and homes are essential. Specifically, as it relates to installing garage firewall code and fire rated door options on the home.


Fire Rated Door Labels

  1. Residential Homes Don't Have Firewalls

 Since residential fires can be devastating to the entire family, fires in a home should be taken very seriously. Thankfully, the burden of this responsibility does not have to fall on the homeowner and their families alone to find the best solution. This is because manufacturers in several industries are adding viable solutions to completely eliminate, control and contain the fires in residential places before complete destruction. Particularly, when the home can be built with fire rated door and door housing as a solution to eliminate being a part of these statistics (Doors must be properly maintained and are closed and latched in the event of a fire).


Additionally, with a fire rated garage door installed on the home, the owner can take advantage of the numerous features. For instance, the traditional garage door is often made of wooden materials. Therefore, it is very easy for a fire to burn through these doors and consume them within minutes. On the other hand, when the owner has fire rated doors installed on their homes, these doors have fiberglass and steel materials instead. Which means, the fire is contained much longer and cannot spread as easily from one area in the home to the next. Not only do some doors extend the withstand period, Thermatru, Cornell and other manufacture doors can see max temperatures as high as1400 degrees Fahrenheit (760 °C) and meet NFPA 80 standards.


It is also important to note that the owner has a choice between which ones that they deem as best for them and their needs and preference. Especially, when they are looking for an economical alternative to suit these same purposes. For instance, there are fire rated doors that have a 20-minute-several hours rating, and they can be selected to meet fire department code requirements for residential spaces (check your condo or townhouse, local building codes for any requirements of fire-rated entry or house-to-garage-doors). Because houses don't have 'firewalls', it is recommended at minimum to use solid wood doors not less than 1-3/8" (35 mm) in thickness, solid- or honeycomb-core steel doors not less than 1-3/8" (35 mm) thick, or 20-minute fire-rated doors. To increase level of life safety within a home, look into sprinkler systems**.


Unfortunately, no one knows when or where a fire tragedy will strike any home. However, we can address and plan in advance with teaching fire safety for kids. A home fire and devastating experiences will affect the entire family physically and mentally. Particularly, as it relates to how a fire can affect the kids in the home. Even though these events can happen at any time, there are some things that you can do to increase the kid(s) chances of coming out safe and free from harm. Learn what to do, how to prepare, and how to respond properly for an unexpected house fire.


Protect Your Kids by Following Safe Prevention Practices

 To protect kids with fire safety facts, advise a plan based on fire preparedness and fire escape planning. Additional prevention tips and training include how to protect your kids by establishing the best safe prevention practices, educating your kids in detail on how to survive a fire, making sure your home is fireproof and putting your escape plan into practice


Educate Kids on Fire Safety 

NFPA Fire Facts report, the U.S. fire departments across the country are responding to approximately one home fire every 88 seconds. As many as 7 people actually die in the fires that they are called to the scene to extinguish. Therefore, to increase a child's probability from being a victim of these devastating statistics, putting the best child fire safety measures and fire prevention tips in place.

Fire Safety TipsChildren in the home are considered to be the most vulnerable, and those under the age of 5 are twice as likely to not make it out. Fire safety for kids is not a luxury but a necessity for preserving their lives.


Focus on Fire Prevention 

 Many of the home fires that the U.S. Fire Administration reports each year is caused by kids playing with fire. To minimize and eliminate these fires from starting, family members must do their part in keeping flammable items out of their hands. For instance, kids should never have access to lighters, matches or any other substance that can ignite flames i.e. flood safety around electrical outlets and connections.


Install, and Maintain Fire and Smoke Alarms


Homes should have the appropriate fire and smoke alarms installed and must remain in good working order at all times. The installation of these alarms is designed to make sure individuals inside know that there is fire or smoke in the vicinity and to get out. For fire safety for kids, kids 5 and under should also be taught to listen carefully to these sounds as well as what they should do when they hear the high-pitched alarm. Take care and maintain your alarm systems effectively


- Install smoke alarms in your home (i.e. bedrooms, hall, kitchen, etc.).


- Push the test button to see if they work, do this at least once a month.


- Once a year, you should replace batteries in these alarms or when they chirp (alarming the batteries are low).


- Every member of the household needs to know 2 ways to escape and where to gather outside.


Develop a Plan for Your Home


Develop a plan and become aware of the latest statistics in home fires and fire safety facts. Cooking accounts for 21% of the fires and heating equipment is contributed to 19% in the US, with every 5 homes reporting a death.


Home Fire Safety


Fire Safety Rules and Maintaining a Fire Hazard-Free Kitchen


As mentioned above, cooking fires usually start in the kitchen. These fires are not started in the oven but on the top of the stove. With this being true, here are a few tips that can help you in avoiding these kinds of fires.


- Do not leave the kitchen when stove is on.


- Remove towels, and other flammable materials away from the stove.


- Microwaves and ovens should not be obstructed or covered.


- Have an easily accessible fire extinguisher inside the kitchen.


- Remember grease and water do not mix. Do not use water to put out a grease fire.



Fire-Hazard Heating Equipment in the Home


Between the months of December and February, space heaters are reported as being the cause of at least 1 in 5 home fires annually. Even though many people may know there are inherent hazards, there are times when a family may not have much of a choice. In these cases, to eliminate the possibilities of a space heater hazard, here are some things that you can do to ensure fire safety for kids, school grades i.e. preschoolers and kindergartners.


- Keep inflammable materials and any other hot items 3 feet (0.91 meters) from kids.


- Use each of your electric outlets for no more than one space heater or any other heating appliance. By only plugging in only one electric heater into an outlet, you can prevent the overload that causes many of the home fires today


- To avoid kids from carbon monoxide poisoning, make sure to place portable gas generators on the outside of the home. It is also important to keep them far away from your windows and other openings.


- If you have a fireplace inside of your home, it is important that these heating resources are cleaned and inspected. Contact a professional cleaning service for these jobs. Also, once the fireplace has been cleaned, you should also invest in a metal or glass screen to place over the opening. This covering is used to keep embers from escaping into the home and igniting a fire.


- When leaving the home or deciding to sleep in another room, you should extinguish the flames from any candles or heating appliances that you have on.


Fire Prevention for KidsCheck Out Your Electronics and Outlets Regularly to Prevent Fire Damage


As you buy new appliances to use in your home, the places that you plug these things can become limited. In some cases, you may decide to double up on some of your electric outlets by putting as many as you can in at one time. Based on the outlet and how much electrical charge that it produces, it may not be difficult to overload it. Or, in some situations, you may find that the electric outlet is showing signs of wear and tear. In either case, you need to know how to inspect your sockets to prevent igniting a fire in the home. That said, here are some things that you can do to inspect your electric outlets to keep these areas fire hazard free.


- Take time to rearrange appliances so that each socket will only have one appliance plugged in. In some cases, this may require investing in more extension cords so that they can be used to reach outlets that are presently out of its reach


- Manufacturers design their appliances to use a certain amount of wattage and this needs to be followed as recommended. For instance, if the manufacturer recommends a 60-watt bulb for your portable lamp, you may stand a chance of fire damage if you overload it with a 100 watt light bulb instead. So, do not forget to check all appliances for the wattage that is equal to or less the recommended amounts


- Unplug appliances when the home will be vacant during travels, this will not only save on your energy bill but also help to avoid problems that may cause an electrical fire.


- Do not push computers and TVs close against the wall. This is because these electronic items need the added space to keep them from overheating. If these fire safety guidelines are not followed, there is a much higher risk of these electronics overheating and causing a fire when they are positioned next to something that is made of flammable materials.



Inspect Your Storage Areas


Now that you have taken care of the key places inside of your home where you spend most of your time, you can turn your focus on the outside, your basement and your attic. You may start this process by decluttering these areas by getting rid of anything that will pose a potential fire hazard. For instance, if you are warming up your garage with a space heater, you need to make sure that there are no inflammable materials near this area that can cause a fire. For instance, you may be storing piles and piles of old newspapers and other junk and debris that you really do not need.


Kids and Other Family Members Should Always Participate in Your Escape Plan


Even though you have covered everything that the Red Cross and others have recommended preventing anything from happening, you still need a plan that will help everyone to get out of the house safely in the event a fire is in the home. Here are some key elements of a safe escape plan to use.

Fire Escape Planning


- When creating your escape route for your kids, you need to point out at least 2 possible exits from every room. This is normally a door or a window. Therefore, when you are choosing or building a new home, you need to always avoid using a windowless design


- To get out quickly, each of these escape routes must be kept clutter free at all times. This is especially critical to your plan since you do not want your kids to trip and fall while they are getting to safety


- Plan must be practiced at least 2 times annually and the goal is for everyone to get out of the home within a time frame of fewer than 2 minutes

One of the things you probably see on a daily basis is a fire extinguisher. When you are at work, at school, and certain other places, you may walk past a fire extinguisher. Hopefully, you have one at your home as well. However, you probably do not know how to use a fire extinguisher. Perhaps, one thought you have when it comes to fire extinguishers is that they are very simple to use.


PASS: What Are The 4 Steps in Using a Fire Extinguisher?

  1. PULL - Pull the pin to break the safety tamper seal.
  2. AIM - Aim low towards the base of the fire.
  3. SQUEEZE - Squeeze handle to discharge.
  4. SWEEP - Sweep the trajectory side to side at the base of the fire.


Fortunately, there is nothing complicated about a fire extinguisher. However, you do need to be aware of a few things. One fact that may surprise you, many Americans don't know the right way to use a fire extinguisher. This fact is presented by FEMA. Fires grow quickly, doubling by the minute. This leaves very little time to try to figure out how to use a fire extinguisher. The time it takes for you to try to read the manual of the extinguisher is all the time that is needed for a small fire to become a full-on catastrophe.


Fire Extinguisher Use


What Are The 4 Types of Fire Extinguishers?

It is not only important to know how to use a fire extinguisher but also important to know what type of fire extinguisher you are user. There are 4 different types of fire extinguishers, and each of them are good for different types of fires. The types of fire extinguishers are named according to their class. The class indicates the type of fire that they can put out.


Class A: This type of fire extinguishers are good for fires that have started from wood, paper and other type of ordinary combustible items.


Class B: This type of fire extinguisher is designed to be used on grease, oil, gasoline and other flammable fluids.


Class C: This type of fire extinguisher is designed to be used on fires from electricity.


Class D: This extinguisher class is the best for flammable metals.


This is based on the stateside classification system for fire extinguishers. Knowing that there are four types of fire extinguishers is a good start in learning how to use a fire extinguisher in the case of a fire. Many fire extinguished are considered ABC extinguishers. They can be used to put out fires that are started from paper, flammable fluids, and electricity. They put out fires with the dry chemical known as monoammonium phosphate. There is also the Class K fire extinguisher which is designed for commercial kitchens. The chemicals used in the Class K fire extinguishers are also less likely to cause damage in the appliances it is used on.


Do You Need Training to Use A Fire Extinguisher?

If there is an area where you can get training on how to use a fire extinguisher, it is recommended to get that training. You need to know the most effective way to put out a fire. Depending on where you work, you may need to undergo training on fire extinguisher usage. One method that will help when it comes to fire extinguishers is the PASS method.


Fire Extinguisher PASS

Remember The PASS Method:

1. Pull the pin. Make sure that the nozzle is pointing away from you.

2. Aim low at the base of the fire

3. Squeeze the lever. Make sure you do it slowly.

4. Sweep from side to side as you are squeezing.


Also, there are some emergency services and community organizations that may offer classes on how and when to use a fire extinguisher.


What to Do After You Use A Fire Extinguisher?

This is another important step. After using the fire extinguisher to put out a fire, there is going to be residue left over. Therefore, you are going to have to clean up. The first thing to do is put the fire extinguisher back where you got it from. Then you are going to need a vacuum cleaner. This is for vacuuming the loose debris from the fire. For the residue that is stuck on the surface, take isopropyl alcohol and dilute it with warm water so that it is 50% alcohol and 50% water. Spray solution on the residue and let it sit for several minutes. Afterwards, wipe it down with a damp rag.


In the case of sodium bicarobonate and potassium bicarbonate residue, take some vinegar and mix it with water for a solution. The solution should be made up of 98% hot water and 2% vinegar. Apply the solution to the residue and let it sit for several minutes. Afterwards, take a wet rag and wipe the area.


For monoammonium phosphate residue, take some baking soda and mix it with water to form a paste. Then apply the paste to the residue and let it sit for several minutes. Then take a wet rag and wipe the residue away from the area.


The affected area needs one more wash with soap and water. Then it should be rinsed off as well. In order for the area to dry quickly, you can use a fan. If there is any dry fire extinguisher residue on clothing, cookware, or dishes, then they can be washed in the washing machine, dishwasher, sink or any of the usual methods of cleaning.


Leave it For The Professionals

It is not wise to try to take on every fire. Knowing how to use a fire extinguisher is one thing. There are cases when you might need to get out of the building quickly and let the professionals handle it. One way that you can tell whether the fire needs to be put out is by looking over at the fire. If the fire is taller than you, then you should not try to put out the fire yourself. It is better to get out.


If you are taller than the fire, then there is another factor to consider. It is the type of fire extinguisher you have and the type of fire. For instance, a class A extinguisher only has pressurized water. Therefore, it is not going to be very effective in putting out a grease fire.


Another thing to check is whether the fire extinguisher is fully charged with enough pressure or is within the proper date to use. One way to know is the position the needle is in on the gauge. If the needle is on the green, then you can use the extinguisher. Otherwise, you are better off getting out as quickly as you can.

If you have a nice individual home, then odds are you’d like to enjoy the outdoor space as well. Constructing a patio without any doubt is one of the most common ways of using the open space effectively. However, if you live in a cooler area, you may be wondering, “how many patio heaters do I need?” This article will provide answers, as well as additional information about patio heaters.

How Many Patio Heaters do I Need? - Be Aware of Potential Fire Hazards

Things to Keep in Mind

Patio heaters generate heat and keep the enclosed space outside your home warm. The number of patio heaters that one requires would depend on various factors like the size of the enclosed space, the insulation standards, and the temperatures outside if you in warm or cold climates, the number of people who will be using it and so on. The heat generating capacity of patio heaters is measured by a proven, old and time-tested method and this is referred to as BTU or British thermal unit. Hence, BTU is the main consideration to be taken into account when deciding on the number of patio heater that one would like to have.

What Exactly is BTU?How Many Patio Heaters do I Need

When we talk about BTU we are referring to the amount of energy needed for heating one pound of water. The heat measurement of water is done using Fahrenheit. The BTU is calculated on the amount of heat needed for heating one pound of water in Fahrenheit. The heat generated per BTU is equal to the heat generated from one match stick. Hence, this is the main point to be taken into account when it comes to choosing the number of patio heaters.

Pay Attention to Other Factors too

The number of patio heaters would also depend on the size of the enclosed space and various other factors. When using patio heaters, you should be aware of the possible fire hazards. Did you know that heating equipment is a leading cause of house fires? Heaters can draw a lot of electricity, which means you should avoid using extension cords. Also, be aware of the heaters catching an item on fire, like a blanket that is on top of it. Besides fire hazards, we will look at a few more important things when it comes to choosing the right numbers of patio for your backyard or garden.

Keep a Tab on Clearance

The clearance between one patio heater to another is also a point which must be kept in mind when it comes to choosing the numbers required for your enclosed space. It would be always better to go by the manufacturer’s instruction for efficiency and safety. Generally the patio heaters would require anything from 24 to 30 inches of clearance. This would depend on the BTU it is capable of generating. If the patio heaters are between 35000 and 50000 thousand BTU then you would need around 30 inches of clearance. On the other hand heaters with a BTU of 10000 to 25000 thousand would require around 24 inches of clearance.

In Conclusion

Gas patio heaters cannot be used indoors because they need generous amount of air flow. On the other hand electric patio heaters can be used both indoors and outdoors. This is because electric patio heaters do not emit any harmful Co2 emissions, and they are also cheaper when compared to propane operated patio heater. When answering the question as to how many patio heaters do I need, the eco-friendly nature and safety features should be taken into account.

Do you know what to look for during regular maintenance on your furnace? This is one of the biggest investments in your home, and you don’t want to replace it before it’s worn out. Most importantly, modern furnaces have modifications that will require you to fully understand them in case you want to ensure their efficiency. Below is a gas furnace inspection checklist that you can use to ensure that your furnace is working at its best.

Gas Furnace Inspection Checklist - Prevent Fire Hazards  

1. Heat Exchanger

You should check your heat exchanger for possible cracks which is not repaired, can result in the emission of toxic gases.

2. Burners

You need to always keep your burners clean. Dirty burners can result in incomplete combustion, and this is extremely treacherous for your furnace. Besides, you don’t want your house to be full of soot. Instead, you want to ensure that you’re taking all the steps needed to improve indoor air quality.

3. Fun Switch

Once you invest in your furnace, you need peace -- and of course no nuisance. Although if you have a faulty fan and check on the switch, you’ll most likely be hearing different sounds coming from your furnace.

4. Pilot and Pilot Assembly

Pilots are also an integral part of your furnace. You need to make sure that you not only clean them, but also adjust them accordingly to prevent experiencing a furnace shutdown.

5. Safety Controls

You also need to inspect your safety controls routinely. Faulty safety controls can result in accidents in your home. Some accidents include home fires that result from heating products used in homes. Heating equipment fires accounted for 15% of reported home fires in 2011-2015, and 19% of home fire deaths. More often than not, 53% of home fire deaths happened when heating equipment was too close to things that could burn. 

6. Gas Line

Gas leakages can cause extreme harm to your home, and you need to ensure that your shut off valves are working efficiently. You can notice gas leakages from furnace shut offs.

7. Combustion Air

You also need to keep checking your combustion air to ensure that its openings are working efficiently.

8. Flue Pipe

During your routine maintenance, you need to inspect your flue pipe for either leakages or corrosion.

9. Performance and Temperatures

If you keep data of your furnace temperature and performance, it is easy to know when there is a complication.

10. Panels

If you want to reduce your maintenance costs, then your panels need to be secure. Securing them implies that you don’t let them become loose.

11. Control and Safety

Apart from other failing parts of your furnace, faulty controls can increase your overall operating cost.

12. Lubrication

Lubricated furnaces will definitely oversee wear and tear very quickly, and can eventually lead to other sorts of furnace damage.

13. Pulleys and Belts

You compressor life depends on your belts and pulleys. Therefore, you’ll need to adjust them and make sure they are not loose on a consistent basis. If your pulleys and belts are loose, your compressor life will be shortened.

14. Air Filter

An efficiently working air filter means that you will spend less on your furnace. However, if you have a faulty air filter, it may not only waste energy, but also shorten your compressor’s life.

15. Amp and Voltage

Voltages and amp can determine the lifespan of your furnace and the amount of money you will spend on operating it. You, therefore, need to ensure that you check and record fan motors, the draw of the bower meter, the condenser and most importantly, the compressor.

16. Thermostat

Usually, your furnace thermostat needs to be calibrated and checked routinely to prevent failure.

Bottom Line

Routine maintenance of your furnace will increase the lifespan of it; but routine maintenance means much more than simply checking it out to see if everything looks okay. Be sure to use this gas furnace inspection checklist, the next time you’re about to do an inspection to ensure that you check all aspects of your furnace.


Having an odor come out of your HVAC system is a red flag. Sometimes, the bad odor will go away, especially if you haven't used that system in a long time. Although in most cases, a burnt plastic odor, or a musty smell could mean there's a bigger problem that needs to be investigated. So, you are noticing your HVAC unit smells like burning plastic? Continue reading on to see what may be the causes of different smells coming from your HVAC system.

HVAC Smells Like Burning Plastic

Burning Smell Coming From Heater or Furnace

A burnt plastic odor coming from your heater probably means you have an electrical or wiring problem. Any number of things could cause this - from poor electrical connections during installation, all the way to using poor coating for the wire. Either of these could start a fire, so it's good to take precautionary measures whenever you smell this odor. According to the Electrical Safety Foundation International, home electrical fires account for about 51,000 fires every year. This ultimately winds up with nearly 500 deaths, more than 1,400 injuries, and property damage that equates to about $1.3 billion. Therefore, your immediate first step should be to turn off your heater and then to contact an electrician.


If you've gone a long time without turning on your heater, it may give off the same slightly burnt rubber odor. This is most likely as a result of dust accumulating in the vents. Give it a few minutes to dissipate. If the odor is resistant, then switch it off and call the electrician.

Mildew & Musty Odor Coming From Your HVAC Units

If you know anything about mold, it's that they can grow anywhere. For the most part, a leaking pipe or defrosting after a particularly intense winter could provide the right conditions for them to grow since it now has adequate humidity.


The worst part about mold growing in your HVAC unit is that their micro particles can get into your respiratory system directly through the air being blown. Mildew and mold in vents are thus infinitely less safe than if those growing on your bathroom walls.


It's better to take preventive measures against vent mold, because sometimes the musty odor commonly associated with mold may be absent.

Sour Or Putrid Smell

Identifying the different odors coming from your HVAC unit can be the difference between a costly maintenance or a DIY solution. If you notice a particularly intense putrid smell, it's possible you have a dead pest on your hands. This is common, since most pests look for where to hibernate during winter and turning on the air conditioner/heater could kill them.


If your HVAC units are easily accessible, taking the dead pest out and doing a thorough clean up could take away the horrid odor, and you may not need to call anyone for help.

Regular Maintenance Prevents All Odors

If you regularly check your HVAC system for any discrepancies, you’ll be able to avoid having to deal with any odors coming out of your system. Remember that one of the worst case scenarios for when your HVAC smells like burning plastic is that it could cause your house to burn down. This is especially with all the electrical works and gas lines within close distance.


One major advantage of regular HVAC maintenance is that, because your heaters and air conditioning systems are working at their peak, they'll consume less energy - thus lowering your utility bill.

Weird Burning Plastic Smell in House?

HVAC smells like burning plastic or furnace smells like burning plastic? Odors being emitted from your HVAC system is usually a red flag of other underlying issues. It’s key to get these checked out right away so that you can prevent any further damage to your home. Some smells that you should keep an eye out for include burning plastic, mold or mildew, or a sour and putrid smell.

residents raking up flammable debris near a houseIf you are wondering if wildfire safety projects are worth the effort, check out the Fire Adapted Communities Learning Network’snew blog, “Does Wildfire Mitigation Work? 16 Examples and Counting.” The article explores success stories shared from seven western states including Oregon, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, Idaho, Nevada, and California.
The stories highlight the importance of working on wildfire preparedness projects focusing on the home and the area surrounding the home, the Home Ignition Zone. One example of a home in Redding, California that survived the Carr Fire was a home owned by Randal Hauser. He not only had made changes to his home including a metal roof and clean gutters but also paid attention especially to the five-foot zone around the home using cement walkways, crushed rock, and other non-combustible materials.
In Nevada, another homeowner who made updates to his home including a class A rated roof, concrete border and deck made with synthetic materials was given assistance by the Nevada Division of Forestry to help with supplemental fuels work. Even though the Berry Fire came within feet of his home, his home was spared and he is credited with creating a safer location for firefighters to stage their firefighting efforts.
For other great stories of success and survival check out the Fire Adapted Learning Network’s blog.  Also, check out other examples of Firewise USA® site success stories. Wildfire project safety work does make a difference. We can all play a role in creating safer neighborhoods and cities. Learn more about how you can get involved today!
Image credit: Residents engage in wildfire safety project work in Bustins Island, Maine. Photo by Faith Berry, NFPA.
View original blog post here.

Fire accidents are among the leading causes of domestic and industrial-related deaths in the US. Close to 1,350 deaths have been reported in the US throughout this year alone. Young children and older people are more vulnerable to injuries due to burns and scalding, because their skin is comparatively more sensitive and delicate.


Burns and scalds can be suffered in virtually any setting. Home fires from portable stoves, butane burners, and short circuits, and scalding caused by hot steam are common in domestic incidents. Burn injuries also result from a variety of other reasons, including defective products and workplace irregularities.


Burns and scalds are extremely painful and can take a long time to heal. If the burns are severe, treatment and recovery becomes far more complicated. If you or a loved one has suffered a burn injury due to negligence or carelessness of another person, then you have every right to claim for damages.


Here are a few things that you need to know about filing a burn injury claim.


1. Burns and Scalds


Burn injuries are usually associated with fire and hot steam, but they can also be caused by extreme cold, harsh chemicals, electricity, harmful radiations, sunlight, or friction.


Depending on the extent of the burn inflicted, injuries are classified into first degree, second degree, and third degree burns. Advanced degrees of burns usually result in death and are not typically found among survivors.


In first degree burns, only the top layer of skin or epidermis is affected and there is no further damage. Blistering is also uncommon and the burn site heals soon.


In second degree burns, the top layer of skin is completely burned and deeper layers of skin are affected. The burn injury is very painful unless the underlying nerves are destroyed. Red and blistering skin and further infections are commonly found with second degree burns. The skin looks wet and, if considerable area is affected, the victim may experience shock due to fluid loss from the burned skin.


Third degree burns are extensive burns that have destroyed protective layers of skin and damaged underlying muscles, tissues, ligaments, and tendons. Since nerves are destroyed, the victim often does not feel any pain in the injured area. Healing is slow and difficult, and scarring is unavoidable. Skin grafts are often performed to remedy permanent scarring.


The type of treatment you get and the chances of recovery depend on the area of the body affected. In many instances, a badly burned limb has no cure and will have to be amputated. Expensive and extensive cosmetic or plastic surgeries are recommended to treat severe burns, and help bring the survivor’s life as close to normal as possible.


A compensation claim will take into account the intense physical suffering of the survivor, medical expenses incurred, lost past and future earning potential, psychological trauma, and punitive damages. A fair claim will help stabilize your life and lighten the financial burden on your family.


2. Who Can File Fire Injury Claim?


Anyone who has suffered burns or scalds caused by the carelessness of another person or organization can make a burn injury claim for compensation.


Burn injury lawsuits usually involve accidents at work, schools and nurseries, hospitals and clinics, road accidents, and mishaps in public places.


3. Workplace Accidents


Your employer is legally bound to provide you a safe and healthy workplace that does no harm to your health and does not put you at any risk. It is not only high-risk professions – like construction and oil and gas exploration – where fire accidents occur. Rather, even in an office there are chances of your suffering burn injuries from faulty equipment or scalds from a kettle.


If your burns were caused by negligence of your employer due to badly maintained equipment or a high-risk job activity which you were unprepared for, then you can consider making a burn injury claim. If a loose carpet on the floor caused you to slip and fall while carrying a hot object, you can sue for the burn injuries caused.


It is necessary that your employer provides you with adequate training in safe work practices, risk management, and accident prevention. Employees should also be educated on risks and dangers associated with their job, and how best they can avoid accidents. A safety-centric work culture should be promoted in every workplace. Adequate first aid and necessary treatment facilities should also be available at vulnerable work sites.


If you feel that your injury was due to a lapse on part of your employer, then you should make a burn injury claim.


4. Other Accident Sites


a) Road Accidents


It is not unusual for victims of car accidents to also suffer burn injuries caused by the accident or due to other reasons, like an inflating air bag. Personal injury claims can be filed if you have suffered burns as a result of the crash.


Faulty equipment sometimes results in fires that cause burns to car accident victims. Burn injury lawsuits will help you get compensated for these injuries and other damages.


b) Schools and Nurseries


Small children are highly vulnerable to burn injuries because of their innately curious nature that takes them to wrong places, an unawareness of danger, and delicate skin that is easily injured.


Educational and care-giving institutions have a responsibility to provide risk-free, safe, and secure environments to kids. If your child has suffered burns as a result of coming into contact with a hot cup of coffee left unattended by a member of school staff or an exposed power line or radiator, then you have every right to make a burn injury claim.


c) Public Spaces


Burn injuries that were caused in a restaurant by a waiter spilling a hot beverage on you provides enough ground for making a burn injury claim.


If you have suffered injury on the premises of a poorly managed building where exposed hot pipes or splashing chemicals caused the burns, then you can sue for negligence. It is important that you are aware of your right to reasonably safe public spaces where you are not at risk for injury or accidents.


5. Understand Your Case


The most important requirement for making a claim is the presence of gross negligence or carelessness on the part of a third party that directly contributed to your burn injury.


You must be able to prove that if the negligence had not occurred, then the circumstances for your suffering the burn injury would not have existed. New Orleans Burn Injury Attorneys say that a direct cause-result relationship between another’s negligence and your injury improves your chances of getting a fair settlement.


It is important that you consult with an experienced lawyer who will help you gain a better understanding about your claim and the legal steps you need to take.


A burn injury claim can be brought on if you have suffered needlessly due to the negligence or carelessness of another party. A fair settlement will help bring financial stability and security into your life. With the assistance of a seasoned attorney, you can restart your life after injury slowly but steadily.



(Image Source)

At a recent NFPA Smart Home Summit, hosted by the Fire Protection Research Foundation, one could have easily been carried away by the exciting opportunities afforded by the availability of novel sensor data that have been promised by the IoT (Internet of Things) world. However, upon closer consideration, I noticed very little data is actually usable. There are formidable barriers that prevent any data sharing and integration efforts. This dilemma calls to mind the frustration expressed in Samuel Taylor Coleridge's 18th century poem, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner  - "water, water everywhere, nor any drop to drink".

The poet laments the fact that mariners died of thirst in the sea not because of the lack of water but a void of "palatable" water. Likewise, in a sea of data today, little can be done if the data exists in "silos" caused by reluctance or data owners' fear of sharing data.


Reasons data owners fear sharing data

There are many reasons why data is not shared. In most cases it may involve some, if not all, of the reasons listed below. To facilitate sharing, concerns must be properly addressed to alleviate the data owner's resistance. Since consumers and businesses jointly own consumer data, we will look at their concerns separately.

For Consumers

    • Perceived harm due to privacy compromises and identity theft
    • Loss of control or leaking of their sensitive personal data
    • Distrust of government and businesses who may potentially mis-use their data

For Businesses
    • Loss of valued customers to their competitors
    • Loss of the "secret sauce" behind their unique competitive edge
    • No tangible benefits if they were to share data
    • Loss of control in managing access, privacy, confidentiality, security and length of time that data is kept once it has been shared (and any other critical data governance issues) and suffer the repercussions
    • Incompatible policy and standards between businesses and recipients of shared data


How NFPA can help

In its 120-year history, NFPA has established a reputation for being the go-to 3rd party in Fire Protection - an independent, neutral non-profit NGO (Non-Governmental Organization). Through the codes and standards process, NFPA has been able to bring diverse stakeholders - with sometimes conflicting objectives - together and work out a solution that is acceptable to all parties. This process provides fire and electrical safety benefits to the wider community. One way that NFPA can assist in alleviating stakeholder concerns today is to set up an NFPA Analytics Sandbox (NAS). The NAS environment will also serve as a test bed for new ideas and innovations made possible by the integrated shared data.



NFPA Analytics Sandbox.jpg

The NFPA Analytics Sandbox will be designed with the following characteristics:
Separate, Secured & Privacy Compliant. To avoid inadvertent access and un-authorized use, the NFPA Analytics Sandbox will reside in its own secured and privacy-compliant server environment that is kept separate from all other internal data, NFPA or partner marketing, and information systems.
Stakeholder Participation in Rule Setting. Data owners can work out with NFPA the business rules governing acceptable levels of privacy, confidentiality (securing data from competitors) and security compliance while allowing the "Sandbox" team to experiment and create unique values from shared and integrated data. Rules will then be "hard-wired" into MDM (Master Data Management) system to ensure automatic compliance.
Limited Use and Duration. As the only objective of the Sandbox is to create value for the stakeholder community, once the data is integrated or aggregated, the original "raw data" can be either archived or deleted. In all cases, no personal identifiable information (PII) will be stored once a unique Sandbox identifier has been created for analytics.
Ability to "Play" in the Sandbox. Business participants in the Sandbox may be able to "play" in the Sandbox and provide input to the Sandbox team – ultimately creating high value solutions that are tailored for them.
Validated Solutions. Proposed solutions from the Sandbox will be "tested" in-situ with the participation of respective stakeholders using scientific control methods and real-life business conditions.
Operationalize Validated Solutions. Based on stakeholder needs, the Sandbox team will use insights gleaned from the Sandbox exercises to inform stakeholders how best to operationalize solutions and create new business opportunities.
Who should join the NFPA Analytics Sandbox consortium?
Essentially everyone who can benefit from key insights derived from integrated data and leading-edge analytics should consider joining the Sandbox community. Those who join early will enjoy the benefits of defining how the Sandbox is to be set up and will ensure that their needs are included in initial Sandbox exercises.
Benefits of Sandbox membership
Participants joining the NFPA Analytics Sandbox will enjoy:
  1. A broader view of the market and potential customers beyond their own data silos.
  2. Access to innovations and solutions, which should translate into new revenues and a competitive edge.
  3. Market share growth from new business opportunities that are identified within the Sandbox.