What is test intervals for electromagnetic door lock assemblies in Health care
You will see from this writing I am not a fan of electromagnetic locking devices in heath care occupancies. It is important that the locks are functional at all times.
Magnetic door locks can be easily neglected, therefore enduring various malfunctions. Time, weather, frequent use, inadequate operations, poor inspection and control, insufficient or unstable power supply, and lack of staff awareness are additional factors that impact their proper functioning.
This would be part of the inspection of door openings in accordance with Section 220.127.116.11 of the 2012 NFPA 101 (LSC). However, you will see 18.104.22.168 was not referenced in Chapter 18 and 19. An periodic inspection is minimal and subject to evaluation and inspections by the CMS. One of the inspections is that security devices that impede egress are not installed on openings.
From my life safety surveyor experience, electromagnetic locking devices were notorious for malfunctioning and impeding egress. CMS LSC surveys had always expected an inspection program for doors and expects the doors to function correctly at all the times.
If I did a LSC survey, a sampling of the electromagnetic lock door opening would be conducted and the records were reviewed confirm an inspection program has been implemented. However, any failure in the operation of the locking device during a LSC survey may be indicative of failure to maintain the doors in accordance with Section 22.214.171.124. Most likely as a representative of CMS LSC surveys, I would direct your facility's plan of correction to do more than just annual inspections for maintenance of the door openings. Most of my reviewed and approved plans of correction would make revisions to the door opening inspection program to include.
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