Does any one knows what are the life safety requirements for a building or facility occupied by special needs children?
Try this link - its full of useful information.
NFPA - Fire safety for people with disabilities
There are more factors at stake. We/I would need to know if:
The Special Needs Children live at the building/facility?
Verses for example a Day Care.
If they live there, typically the facility would be what is defined under Health Care Occupancy what is called a Limited Care Facilities but sometimes Residential Board and Care Occupancies.
Once you determine the appropriate Occupancy Classification, you can then determine the Life Safety Requirements. There are a number of factors that can drive this classification, including the regulatory authority or who is paying for the care of the children.
These are some code excerpts from the 2012 Life Safety Code.
184.108.40.206* Health Care Occupancy. An occupancyused to provide medical or other treatment or care simultaneously
to four or more patients on an inpatient basis,
where such patients are mostly incapable of self-preservationdue to age, physical or mental disability, orbecause of security measures not under the occupants’ control.A.220.127.116.11 Health Care Occupancy. Health care occupancies include the following:(1) Hospitals(2) Limited care facilities(3) Nursing homesOccupants of health care occupancies typically havephysical or mental illness, disease, or infirmity. They alsoinclude infants, convalescents, or infirm aged persons. Itis not the intent to consider occupants incapable of self-preservationbecause they are in a wheelchair or use assistivewalking devices, such as a cane, a walker, or crutches.
18.104.22.168* Limited Care Facility. A building or portionof a building used on a 24-hour basis for the housing offour or more persons who are incapable of self-preservationbecause of age; physical limitations due toaccident or illness; or limitations such as mental retardation/developmental disability, mental illness, or chemical dependency.A.22.214.171.124 Limited Care Facility. Limited care facilitiesand residential board and care occupancies both providecare to people with physical and mental limitations.However, the goals and programs of the two types of occupanciesdiffer greatly. The requirements in this Codefor limited care facilities are based on the assumption thatthese are medical facilities, that they provide medicalcare and treatment, and that the patients are not trained torespond to the fire alarm; that is, the patients do not participatein fire drills but, rather, await rescue. (See Section 18.7.)The requirements for residential board and care occupanciesare based on the assumption that the residentsare provided with personal care and activities that fostercontinued independence, that the residents are encouragedand taught to overcome their limitations, and thatmost residents, including all residents in prompt and slowhomes, are trained to respond to fire drills to the extentthey are able. Residents are required to participate in firedrills. (See Section 32.7.)
I see in another post you said it was a Day-Care Setting?
Generally I would think could be Day Care. Lets assume it is, but you need to check your application with the code definition.
Excerpts from the 2012 Life Safety Code.
6.1.4 Day Care.For requirements, see Chapters 16 and 126.96.36.199.1* Definition — Day-Care Occupancy. An occupancyin which four or more clients receive care, maintenance,and supervision, by other than their relatives or legalguardians, for less than 24 hours per day.A.188.8.131.52 Day-Care Occupancy. Day-care occupancies include the following:(1) Adult day-care occupancies, except where part of a health care occupancy(2) Child day-care occupancies(3) Day-care homes(4) Kindergarten classes that are incidental to a child daycare occupancy(5) Nursery schoolsIn areas where public schools offer only half-day kindergartenprograms, many child day-care occupancies offerstate-approved kindergarten classes for children who needfull-day care. As these classes are normally incidental to theday-care occupancy, the requirements of the day-care occupancy should be followed.
Unless your building official in your jurisdiction has adopted the Life Safety Code, the classifications in the previous posts are somewhat moot. You would need to qualify that before applying them.
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