Under NFPA 80, Chapter 5, are fire-rated access doors and fire-rated floor doors required to have initial fire-door inspections and annual inspections?
2010 NFPA 80 regulates the access doors.
No. Under chapter 5 the access-doors are not required to comply with the Chapter 5 care and maintenance. Looking
Chapter 16 governs the installation of access doors.
Looks like you are on your own to maintain the installation of the access doors.
Well, on the first install, someone qualified has to say they were installed properly.
Not sure if that is your question.
Cda, I agree. But by the NFPA 80 standard who shall that be?
2016 is the current edition of NFPA 80, not 2010.
I agree that NFPA 80, Chapter 16 covers the installation of access doors.
But I am not asking about installation requirements, but rather inspection requirements.
None of the installation chapters in NFPA 80 make mention of inspections and maintenance. For example, Chapter 6 makes no mention of inspection of swinging fire-rated doors; Chapter 16 makes no mention of inspection and maintenance of access doors; and Chapter 17 does not make any mention of inspections and maintenance of fire windows.
In my view, and some individuals in the fire door inspection industry, Chapter 5 of NFPA 80 is applicable to the entirety of NFPA 80, unless an exception is specifically stated in NFPA 80.
22.214.171.124 This Chapter shall cover the inspection, testing, and maintenance of fire doors, fire shutters, fire windows, and opening protectives other than fire dampers and fabric fire safety curtains."
It appears that the only only exceptions to the inspection, testing, and maintenance requirements of Chapter 5 are fire dampers (Chapter 19) and fabric fire safety curtains (Chapter 20.)
If fire rated access doors (Chapter 16) were exempt from inspections, why aren't the specified mentioned in 126.96.36.199 along with "fire dampers (Chapter 19) and fabric fire safety curtains (Chapter 20)?
Wouldn't fire-rated access doors and fire-rated floor doors, as well as all other fire-rated opening protectivies, be included in 188.8.131.52 under "opening protectives"?
Now you are going to make me look at the book.
Send a copy of this question to this person, and you will get a fantastic answer:::
Ok now that I have slowed down and re read the question,
My answer is still yes, something like a laundry chute door, or rated access panel, WON DOR.
Not sure why ""opening protective""" is not defined
Sorry I didn't realize you would be using the 2016 edition of NFPA 80. I picked the 2010 edition of NFPA 80 because its the reference edition of the 2012 NFPA 101 which is the federal compliance code for healthcare facilities. The 2018 NFPA 101 does reference the 2016 edition of NFPA 80.
The change is "opening protectives" was added. Opening protectives in fire barriers requirements are located In Section 8.3.3 of the 2018 NFPA 101. That section has requirements for fire doors, floor fire doors, fire windows, glazing, and sidelights and transoms. Access doors were not shown in the requirements of 8.3.3. By Chapter 5 of the 2016 NFPA 80, it appears no inspections of access doors required. However, the principal code does apply.
If I were to find a deficiency in an access door in a fire-resistant rated assembly using the 2018 NFPA 101, I would be citing the mandatory Sections 4.5.8, 184.108.40.206, and 220.127.116.11.
The provision of the code would be:
Under general penetrations of fire resistant rated assemblies.
Common typical deficiency statement I have frequently written would be:
Based on the observations and staff interview at 10:15 AM on 03/14/2018, the facility failed to maintain the access doors in accordance with Section 4.5.8, 18.104.22.168, 22.214.171.124 and 126.96.36.199.3 of the 2018 NFPA 101.
The finding include;
The facility shall comply with NFPA 101 according with the following Section 188.8.131.52 by a plan of correction.
Let me know if this helps.
I am the current Chair of the NFPA Fire Doors and Windows technical committee; the committee responsible for NFPA 80 and NPFA 105. However, please understand that my reply to this question is based on my professional experience in the fire door industry, I do not presume to speak on behalf of the technical committee or NFPA. If you would like an official opinion, you can request a Staff Interpretation or a formal Technical Committee Interpretation through the NFPA website.
The short answer to the question regarding whether fire-rated access doors are required to be inspected annually is, yes, access doors are required to be inspected annually.
Chapter 5, Care and Maintenance (in 2007-2013 editions)—renamed Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance in the 2016 (and later) edition—requires ALL door types covered in NFPA 80 to be inspected "...not less than annually..." (see below). It's true that Chapter 5 contains a detailed list of inspection points for the doors covered in chapters 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, but that should not be construed to mean that the other types of fire doors are NOT subject to periodic inspections.
Doors covered in chapters 9, 13, 14, 15, and 16 are subject to Chapter 5's inspection requirements. In the absence of prescribed lists of inspection points for these door types, inspectors need to rely on the manufacturers' installation instructions that are specific to the application of each door, as well as the manufacturer's published listings for their products and, where applicable, NFPA 80's requirements for the respective doors.
Similarly, in the case of Chapter 12 Fire Shutters, the three types of opening protectives listed in Chapter 12 are subject to their requirements as specified under their main chapters. The three types of opening protectives that are used a Fire Shutters are (1) Swinging Door—Chapter 6, Swinging Door with Builders Hardware and (possibly) Chapter 7 Swinging Door with Fire Door Hardware; (2) Horizontally or vertically sliding door—Chapter 8, Horizontally Sliding Doors and Chapter 10, Vertically Sliding Doors; and, (3) Rolling Steel Door—Chapter 11, Rolling Steel Doors.
Most people are unaware or overlook that NFPA 80 requires all fire doors to be inspected "upon completion of installation..." One of the reasons that it gets overlooked is that it is specified at the end of Chapter 4 General Requirements—Chapter 4 applies to ALL doors in covered in NFPA 80—in the 2010 edition, and under Chapter 5 in the 2013 and later editions. Theoretically, NFPA 80's door safety inspections should be completed before Owner's take possession of their new buildings (e.g., before Certificate of Occupancy), which means their fire doors are code compliant.
Excerpted from 2010 edition:
Excerpted from the 2013 edition (it's the same in 2016 and 2019 editions):
Regardless of which edition of NFPA 80 you are working with, 5.2.1 requires all types of fire doors to be periodically inspected and tested. Most people focus on Chapter 6-type doors—Swinging Doors with Builders Hardware—since they are the most common type of fire door, but all types of fire doors are subject to Chapter 5's inspection provisions and requirements.
Remember, the persons performing NFPA 80's door safety inspections need to be qualified persons (as specified in the 2013 and later editions of NFPA 80). Acceptance Testing provisions and requirements were added in the 2013 edition (see below). In most cases, the persons inspecting Chapter 6-type doors are not "qualified" to inspect other types of doors (e.g., Chapter 11-type doors). For this reason, facilities that rely on third-party door inspecting companies might need to hire more than one such company to inspect all of their fire doors; each company having a particular area of expertise.
Excerpted from 2010 edition:
Excerpted from 2013 edition:
It's worth mentioning that NFPA 80 does not require facilities to hire third-party door inspecting companies; they can perform this work in-house, provided their staff is trained properly.
Feel free to contact me directly, if I can be of further assistance. You can reach me by email at email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org, and through LinkedIn.
Keith E. Pardoe, FDAI, DAHC, CDC, CDT
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