A 70,000 sq ft rack storage warehouse is being built with sprinklers at the ceiling and in-rack sprinklers in the racks. How many sprinkler systems need to be installed in the warehouse?
In order to answer your question with accuracy, more information is needed. Occupancy, building materials, exposure to other building that may represent a fire threat, how storage is handled, packing of storage, etc.
However, NFPA 13, 2019 edition, section 4.5 System Protection Area Limitations:
"4.5.1 The maximum floor area on any one floor to be protected by sprinklers supplied by any one sprinkler system riser or combined system riser shall be as follow:
(5) In-rack storage: 40,000 sq ft."
So, you will need at least two system risers or combined system risers for the warehouse being built.
See you around,
Thanks for the help. So if I'm understanding you correctly the answer would be 3 systems?
2 for the warehouse
1 for the rack storage
You would need at least 2 systems per NFPA 13 sec. 4.5.1. Each system may share the protection of warehouse and in-rack respectively. This is a general requirement. However I would also check NFPA 13, chapters 20 through 25, which may indicate specific requirements depending on all the factors that concern storage. (high piled, low piled, type of rack, type of commodities, etc).
You can have a look to the NFPA 13 at: https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=13, selecting the free view option.
you need 4 systems Sir
you simply need separate inrack system when number of sprinklers is greater than 20
NFPA13:2019 p. 22.214.171.124.2
Mr. McCormick, as you consider the size of the storage area to be protected, you will find the answers you are looking for within NFPA 13. I am referencing the 2013 edition as most AHJ's in my area are still using this edition.
126.96.36.199 (4) Storage - High pile storage (as defined in 188.8.131.52) and storage covered by other NFPA standards - 40,000ft².
184.108.40.206 High pile storage- Solid piled, palletized, rack storage, bin box and shelf storage in excess of 12ft in height.
8.13.1 System size. The area protected by a single system of sprinklers in racks shall not exceed 40,000ft² of floor area occupied by the racks, including aisles, regardless of the number of levels of in-rack sprinklers.
220.127.116.11.1 Unless the requirements of 18.104.22.168.2 or 22.214.171.124.3 are met, where sprinklers are installed in racks, separate indicating control valves and drains shall be provided and arranged so that ceiling and in-rack sprinklers can be controlled independently.
126.96.36.199.2 installation of 20 or fewer in-rack sprinklers supplied by any one ceiling sprinkler system shall not require a separate indicating control valve.
188.8.131.52.3 The separate indicating valves shall be permitted to be arranged as sectional control valves supplied from the ceiling sprinkler system where in-rack sprinklers are required and the racks including the adjacent aisles occupy 8,000ft² or less of the area protected by the ceiling sprinklers.
So how many separate systems does this scenario need? 4?
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